Former Hōgon-ji main hall, 2011
|Address||5-4 Dogo Yuzukicho, Matsuyama, 790-0837, Japan|
Hōgon-ji (宝厳寺?) is a Buddhist temple of the Ji sect in Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan. It is famed as the birthplace of the Buddhist sage Ippen, who founded the Ji (time) sect as an offshoot of the Jōdo (Pure Land Buddhism) sect in 1276.
Ippen was born at the temple in what was then Iyo province in 1239. As a child he was known as Shōjomaru. In the year 1248, his mother died, and he became a monk with the name Zuien. In 1251 he left Iyo to study under Shōdatsu in Dazaifu. He returned to Iyo in 1263 at the time of his father's death, and married. In 1271, he vowed to give up his domestic life. On a visit to Kumano Shrine in 1274, Ippen experienced a revelation and "spent the remaining sixteen years of his life in constant travel throughout Japan." "The term ippen 一遍 is a common word meaning 'once,' but its second element (-pen, hen) also has the meaning of 'everywhere' or 'all pervading.'"
In 1292, three years after Ippen's death, Hōgon-ji was rededicated as a temple of the Ji sect.
On August 10, 2013, the main temple building and priest's quarters were destroyed by fire.
Buildings and grounds
- irozato ya jippa hanarete aki no kaze
- red-light district
- only ten steps away
- autumn wind
The temple's most noted treasure, a 114 centimeter high Wooden Representation of the Standing Saint Ippen (木造一遍上人立像?) (mid Muromachi Period) (Important Cultural Property), dating from mid-Muromachi period (14th-16th centuries) was reportedly lost in the fire on August 10, 2013.
- Dennis Hirota, No Abode: The Record of Ippen (Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1998), xi-xii.
- Hirota, xxxvi.
- Hirota, lxix.
- "重文の一遍上人立像焼失か…松山・宝厳寺で火災". 読売新聞 (Yomiuri Shinbun). 2013-08-10. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- "Database of Registered National Cultural Properties". Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 21 March 2011.