HMS Conqueror (1801)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Conqueror.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Conqueror
Ordered: 10 June 1795
Builder: Graham, Harwich
Laid down: October 1795
Launched: 23 November 1801
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1822
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1854 tons (1883.8 tonnes)
Length: 176 ft (54 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 49 ft (15 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 74 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 12 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs

HMS Conqueror was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 23 November 1801 at Harwich. She was designed by Sir John Henslow as part of the Middling class of 74s, and was the only ship built to her draught. Whereas the common class carried 28 18 pdrs on their upper gun decks, the middling class carried 30, and only 10 9 pdrs on their quarterdecks instead of the 12 of the common class.[1]

She fought at Trafalgar under the command of Captain Israel Pellew, brother of Sir Edward Pellew. Pellew's captain of marines took the surrender of the overall commander of the French-Spanish fleet, Admiral Villeneuve's sword, aboard the French ship Bucentaure (80). However, he was not able to deliver the sword back to the Conqueror as she had passed on to engage another ship and it was received by the captain of Mars.

Villeneuve, who spoke English, is alleged to have asked to whom he was surrendering. On being told it was Captain Pellew of the Conqueror, he replied, 'I am glad to have struck to the fortunate Sir Edward Pellew.' When he was informed that the Conqueror's captain was Sir Edward's brother, he said, 'His brother? What are there two of them? Helas.'[2]

Conqueror was broken up in 1822.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 184.
  2. ^ Mostert, Noel (2007). The line upon a wind: the great war at sea, 1793-1815. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 493. ISBN 978-0-393-06653-1. 

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.