HMS Verity (D63)

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HMS Verity (D63) IWM HU 3118.jpg
HMS Verity circa. 1930
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Class and type: Admiralty Modified W-class destroyer
Name: HMS Verity
Ordered: January 1918
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Laid down: 17 May 1918
Launched: 19 March 1919
Commissioned: 17 September 1919
Refit: Reconstructed to Long Range Escort finished in October 1943
Fate: Sold to be broken up for scrap on 4 March 1947
General characteristics
Class & type: Admiralty modified W class destroyer
Displacement: 1,140 tons standard, 1,550 tons full
Length: 300 ft o/a, 312 ft p/p
Beam: 29.5 feet (9.0 m)
Draught: 9 feet (2.7 m), 11.25 feet (3.43 m) under full load
Propulsion: As built 1920:
• 3 x Yarrow type Water-tube boilers, Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 2 shafts, 30,000 shp
LRE conversion 1943
• 2 x Yarrow type Water-tube boilers, Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 2 shafts, 24,000 shp
Speed: As built 1920:
32 kt
1943 LRE conversion
24.5 kt
Range: 320-370 tons oil
3,500 nmi at 15 kt
900 nmi at 32 kt
Complement: 127
Sensors and
processing systems:
After 1943 LRE conversion: Type 271 target indication radar
Type 291 air warning radar
Armament: As built 1920:
4 x BL 4.7 in (120-mm) Mk.I guns, mount P Mk.I
• 2 x QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39)
• 6 × 21-inch Torpedo Tubes
1943 LRE conversion:
• 3 × BL 4.7 in (120mm) Mk.I L/45 guns
• 1 × 3 in (76 mm) AA gun
• 2 × QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39)
• 2 × 20mm Orkelion cannons
• 3 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes (triple mount)
• 2 × depth charge racks
Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
Motto: Prevalebit
Truth shall prevail
Honours & awards: Atlantic (1939-45)
Dunkirk (1940)
North Sea (1940)
North Africa (1942-43)
Badge: On a Field Black, a Roman Lamp Gold

HMS Verity was an Admiralty modified W class destroyer built for the Royal Navy. She was the first ship to carry the name Verity. She was ordered in January 1918 from John Brown & Company of Clydebank with the 13th Order for Destroyers of the Emergency War Program of 1918-19.

Construction[edit]

HMS Verity’s keel was laid on 17 May 1918 at the John Brown & Company Shipyard in Clydebank, Scotland. She was launched on 19 March 1919. She was 312 feet overall in length with a beam of 29.5 feet. Her mean draught was 9 feet, and would reach 11.25 feet under full load. She had a displacement of 1,140 tons standard and up to 1,550 full load.[1]

She was propelled by three Yarrow type water tube boilers powering Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines developing 27,000 SHP driving two screws for a maximum designed speed of 34 knots. She was oil-fired and had a bunkerage of 320 to 350 tons. This gave a range of between 3500 nautical miles at 15 knots to 900 nautical miles at 32 knots.[2]

She shipped four BL 4.7 in (120-mm) Mk.I guns, mount P Mk.I naval guns in four single centre-line turrets. The turrets were disposed as two forward and two aft in super imposed firing positions. She also carried two QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39) mounted abeam between funnels. Abaft of the 2nd funnel, she carried six 21-inch Torpedo Tubes mounted in pairs on the centre-line.[3]

Inter-War period[edit]

Commissioned into the Royal Navy on 17 September 1919, she was assigned to the 1st Destroyer Flotilla of the Atlantic Fleet with pennant number D63. She spent the later part of the 20s and the early 30s in the Mediterranean. In 1938 the ship was assigned to the Local Flotilla based at Portsmouth.

Second World War[edit]

Upon the outbreak of war in September 1939 she deployed for convoy defence in the South-West Approaches, escorting convoy GC1 from Milford Haven with HMS Witherington, HMS Wolverine and HMS Volunteer on 5 September. October saw her transferred to the 19th Destroyer Flotilla at Harwich for East Coast convoy defence until December.

HMS Verity was assigned to assist in the Evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940. She came under fire from shore batteries near Calais and suffered casualties.

She remained in the area after the evacuation as a convoy escort, and was attacked on 14 August by six Kriegsmarine trawlers and three E-boats. Two of the German ships were sunk in the resulting engagement.

North Africa[edit]

Operation Torch, the invasion of Axis controlled Africa, started in 1942. HMS Verity was assigned to escort military convoys in preparation of this attack. She supported the landings at Oran, during which she helped rescue troops from a stricken SS Strathallan, which had been attacked by U-562. Only 11 were killed in the attack on the ship, which was carrying over 5,000 officers, men and crew. The Strathallan finally sank nearly 22 hours after the torpedo hit.

References[edit]

  • Preston, Antony (1971). 'V & W' Class Destroyers 1917-1945. London: Macdonald. OCLC 464542895. 
  • Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1979). 'V' and 'W' Class Destroyers. Man o' War 2. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 0-85368-233-X. 
  • Winser, John de D. (1999). B.E.F. Ships Before, At and After Dunkirk. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-91-6. 

External links[edit]