HMS Whiting (1805)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Whiting.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Whiting
Ordered: 23 June 1803
Builder: Goodrich & Co. (prime contractor), Bermuda
Laid down: 1803
Launched: November 1805
Honours and
awards:
Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Basque Roads 1809"
Captured:

American privateer Dash 8 July 1812; released

By French privateer Diligent 22 August 1812
Fate: Unknown
General characteristics [1]
Type: Ballahoo-class schooner
Tonnage: 704194 (bm)
Length: 55 ft 2 in (16.81 m) (overall)
40 ft 10 12 in (12.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 18 ft 0 in (5.49 m)
Depth of hold: 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Sail plan: Schooner
Complement: 20
Armament: 4 x 12-pounder carronades

HMS Whiting was a Royal Navy Ballahoo-class schooner (a type of vessel often described as a Bermuda sloop) of four 12-pounder carronades and a crew of 20. The prime contractor for the vessel was Goodrich & Co., in Bermuda, and she was launched in 1805.[1] She was a participant at the Battle of Basque Roads but was captured by a French privateer at the beginning of the War of 1812 after having been taken and released by the Americans in the first naval action of the war.

Napoleonic Wars[edit]

In 1805 Whiting was under the command of Lieutenant John Orkney at Halifax on her way to Portsmouth for completion, which took place between 26 April and 19 May 1806.[1] Before that, however, at end-September she captured and sent into Bermuda an American vessel from Bordeaux carrying brandy and wine.[2]

Whiting was commissioned in June 1806 under Lieutenant George Roach for the North Sea.[1] However, already on 18 June Whiting, Moucheron, and the cutter John Bull arrived at Madeira. They were to join up with a squadron under Sir John Borlase Warren, but the squadron left without them.[3]

Even so, Whiting was still or again under the command of Orkney when on 29 November she captured the Spanish lugger Felicided. Orkney had also destroyed another vessel after transferring a small quantity of hides to the Felicidad.[4]

On 7 September 1807 Whiting was part of the fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen.[5]

In January 1808 Lieutenant Henry Wildey assumed command. On 30 June Whiting was in attendance when her sister ship Capelin hit the Parquette Rock off Brest, France and sank.[6]

At the beginning of March 1809 Whiting joined the fleet assembling for an attack on the French fleet in the Basque Roads. William Congreve, who had arrived with a transport, fitted Whiting and the two the hired armed cutters Nimrod and King George with rockets. On 11 April the three vessels took up a position near the Boyart (see Fort Boyard) Shoal while fireships made a night attack on the French ships. The next day all three, together with a number of other vessels, opened fire upon the French ships Océan, Régulus, and the frigate Indienne, as those ships lay aground. The first two eventually escaped, and the last was one of four eventually destroyed, though by her own crew some days later to avoid capture.[7] In 1847 the Admiralty authorized the issuance of the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Basque Roads 1809" to all surviving British participants in the battle.[8]

On 13 April Whiting sailed for Portugal. For the next few years she sailed in the Channel, to the west, and to the coast of Spain going as far as Cadiz and Gibraltar. Wildey was promoted to Commander on 3 May 1810.

Whiting sent the Mountaineer, Dow, master, into Plymouth, where she arrived on 6 July 1811. Mountaineer had been sailing from London to Honduras when she ran into Whiting off Dungeness, carrying away her main mast, and for and mizzen topmast.[9]

On 20 December 1811 Whiting left Plymouth for Padstow, to assist the gun brig Bloodhound, which had run on shore near there.

In 1812 Lieutenant Lewis Maxey assumed command of Whiting. On 1 May he sailed for the Americas.

War of 1812[edit]

Whiting did not survive the opening months of the War of 1812. Having sailed from Plymouth, she entered Hampton Roads on 8 July 1812 with despatches for the American government, and lowered her anchor.[10] Unfortunately war had been declared about two weeks earlier. As Maxey was being rowed ashore, the Norfolk privateer Dash,[11] under Captain Garroway, was leaving port and captured her. Dash had one large gun on a pivot, and a crew of 80. Not only were a third of Whiting '​s crew in her boat, the rest were not at the guns as they were unaware that Britain and the United States were now at war.[12]

This could have been the first naval capture of the war. However, Whiting was carrying official dispatches for the American government, which ordered her release.[13][14] Instead, the first capture by either side was the British capture of USS Nautilus on 16 July.

In mid-August, the US Revenue Cutter Gallatin led Whiting out to the Hampton Roads and turned over to Maxey her crew “at the place where they were taken”. The Americans then ordered Maxey to quit American waters with all possible speed.[15]

Fate[edit]

Unfortunately for Whiting, shortly after she left Hampton Roads for England, the French 18-gun privateer brig Diligent (or Diligence) captured her on 22 August.[1][10][16] On 8 September Diligent would capture the 10-gun schooner HMS Laura.[17]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Winfield (2008), p.359.
  2. ^ Lloyd's List,[1] - accessed 27 November 2013.
  3. ^ Lloyd's List,[2] - accessed 27 November 2013.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16098. p. 1707. 19 December 1807. Retrieved 31 Oct 2010.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16275. p. 1103. 11 Jul 1809. Retrieved 31 Oct 2010.
  6. ^ Gossett (1986), p.65.
  7. ^ James (1837), Vol. 5, pp.103-122.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20939. p. 242. 26 Jan 1849. Retrieved 31 Oct 2010.
  9. ^ Lloyd's List,[3] - accessed 27 November 2013.
  10. ^ a b Gossett (1986), p. 84 and 85.
  11. ^ Cranwell and Crane (1940), p. 185.
  12. ^ James (1837), Vol. 6, p. 91.
  13. ^ Gardiner (1998), p.38.
  14. ^ Hepper (1994), p.140.
  15. ^ Niles' national register, containing political, historical, geographical, scientifical, statistical, economical, and biographical documents, essays and facts: together with notices of the arts and manufactures, and a record of the events of the times. Vol. 2, p.432.” [4]
  16. ^ Hepper (1994), p.141.
  17. ^ Grocott (1997), p.343.

References[edit]

  • Cranwell, John Phillips, and William Bowers Crane (1940) Men of Marque: A History of Private Armed Vessels Out of Baltimore During the War of 1812. (W.W. Norton).
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • Gossett, William Patrick (1986) The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. (London:Mansell).ISBN 0-7201-1816-6
  • Grocott, Terence (1997) Shipwrecks of the revolutionary & Napoleonic eras (Chatham). ISBN 1-86176-030-2
  • Gardiner, Robert (1998) The Naval War of 1812. (Annapolis, Maryland: The Naval Institute Press).
  • Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
  • James, William (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. 5. R. Bentley. 
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.