Hanadi Jaradat

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Hanadi Jaradat
Oren Almog, one of the victims of Jaradat, who was ten years old at time of the bombing, was blinded by the blast, lost two of his grandparents, his father, his brother and his cousin.[1]

Hanadi Tayseer Abdul Malek Jaradat (Arabic: هنادي تيسير عبدالمالك جرادات‎) (September 22, 1975 – October 4, 2003), a Palestinian woman from Jenin, blew herself up on Saturday, October 4, 2003 in a suicide attack on Maxim restaurant in the northern Israeli city of Haifa. Twenty-one people were killed and 51 injured. Among the dead were four Israeli children, including an infant, and three Arabs.[2] She was the sixth female suicide bomber of the Al-Aqsa Intifada and the second woman recruited by Islamic Jihad.[3]

Bombing[edit]

At the time of her suicide, Jaradat was a law student due to qualify as a lawyer in a few weeks. She had studied law at Yarmouk University in Jordan. Instead of going to the law firm where she was articling, she went to Haifa and blew herself up in a crowded restaurant.[4] Jaradat reportedly carried out the bombing as an act of revenge after Israel Defense Forces undercover operatives in Jenin killed her cousin (Salah, 34) and her younger brother (Fadi, 25),[5] both of whom were members of Islamic Jihad, with her cousin being considered to be a senior member of the Al-Quds Brigades group.[3] Earlier, when she was 21, her fiancé had been killed by Israeli security forces. Following the killing of her cousin and brother, Jaradat went into mourning and began study of the Koran and fasting two days a week.[4]

The bomb included metal fragments packed around the explosive core, that sprayed around the restaurant, maximizing lethal effect.[6] According to Haifa police sources, the aftermath was gruesome, with some of the dead still sitting upright at their tables, while others, including children and babies, were slammed against the walls. Due to the force of the explosion, all that remained of Jaradat was her head.[6]

In response to his daughter's actions, her father Taisir said "My daughter's action reflected the anger that every Palestinian feels at the occupation. The occupation did not have mercy on my son Fadi, her brother. They killed him even though he was not a wanted person, they murdered him in cold blood before Hanadi's eyes."[7] He declined all condolences, instead saying that he was proud of what his daughter had done, and that "I will accept only congratulations for what she did. This was a gift she gave me, the homeland and the Palestinian people. Therefore, I am not crying for her. Even though the most precious thing has been taken from me."[7]

In reprisal for the suicide bombing, Israeli forces conducted a raid at 3:00 a.m. on October 5, 2003, during the course of which they demolished the family home of Jaradat and the houses of two of her neighbours.[4]

Victims[edit]

The memorial built near the restaurant, in memory of the victims of the attack

Five members of the Almog family:

  • Commander (res.) Ze'ev Almog, 71, of Haifa[8][9]
  • Ruth Almog, 70, of Haifa[10]
  • Moshe Almog, 43, of Haifa[11]
  • Tomer Almog, 9, of Haifa[12]
  • Assaf Staier, 11, of Haifa[13]

Five members of the Zer-Aviv family:

  • Brurua Zer-Aviv, 59, of Kibbutz Yagur[14]
  • Bezalel Zer-Aviv, 30, of Kibbutz Yagur[15]
  • Keren Zer-Aviv, 29, of Kibbutz Yagur[16]
  • Liran Zer-Aviv, 4, of Kibbutz Yagur[17]
  • Noya Zer-Aviv, 1, of Kibbutz Yagur[18]
  • Nir Regev, 25, of Nahariya[19]
  • Zvi Bahat, 35, of Haifa[20]
  • Mark Biano, 29, of Haifa[21]
  • Naomi Biano, 25, of Haifa[22]
  • Hana Francis, 39, of Fassuta, head waiter.[23]
  • Sharbal Matar, 23, of Fassuta, waiter[24]
  • Mutanus Karkabi, 31, of Haifa, security guard[25]
  • Osama Najar, 28, of Haifa, cook[26]
  • Irena Sofrin, 38, of Kiryat Bialik[27]
  • Lydia Zilberstein, 56, of Haifa, died of her injuries on October 9[28]
  • George Matar, 58, of Haifa, died of his injuries on October 15[29]

Honors & Awards[edit]

Jaradat was proclaimed by the Islamic Jihad as the "Bride of Haifa" to honor her "marriage to the soil of her homeland", an honor previously reserved only to men.[30][31][32][33] Within several days of the bombing, trophy cards with her picture, labelled "Hanadi the Bride of Haifa", were being handed out in Gaza.[6]

In 2005, the Palestinian daily Al-Ayyam published a special supplement entitled "What Did Hanadi Say", consisting of poems honoring Jaradat and calling for Jihad.[34]

In October 2012, the Arab Lawyers Union presented their top award to Hanadi Jaradat, and sent a delegation to her family to present them with the award. Ayman Abu Eisheh, who is a member of the Palestine Committee at the Arab Lawyers Union, explained that the ALU were proud of Jaradat, and that her suicide bombing was "in defense of Palestine and the Arab nation."[35][36][37][38]

Snow White and The Madness of Truth[edit]

Jaradat was the subject of Snow White and The Madness of Truth, a controversial item of installation art by Swedish, Israeli-born composer and musician Dror Feiler, and his Swedish wife, artist Gunilla Sköld-Feiler.

The installation consisted of a long pool of water coloured blood red, upon which floated a small white boat named "Snövit" ("Snow White") carrying a portrait of Hanadi Jaradat, which were accompanied by text written on the nearby walls, and the sound of Bach's Mein Herze schwimmt im Blut (Cantata 199). That piece begins with the words, "My heart swims in blood / because the brood of my sins / in God's holy eyes / makes me into a monster".

The artwork became the centre of controversy when the Israeli ambassador to Sweden, Zvi Mazel, damaged the installation. After pushing some lightstands into the pool, causing a short-circuit and disabling the light, Mazel told Feiler that "This is not a work of art. This is an expression of hatred for the Israeli people. This has glorified suicide bombers". Further he said to the press that the piece constituted a "complete legitimization of genocide, the murder of innocent people, innocent civilians, under the guise of culture". Feiler rejected charges that their intention was to glorify suicide bombers and accused Mazel of "practicing censorship". He said the installation was made to "call attention to how weak people left alone can be capable of horrible things".[39][40][41] Following the incident, Mazel was unrepentant, and said: "I was standing before an exhibit calling for genocide, praising the genocide of me, you, my brothers and sisters."[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A New Shoah: The Untold Story of Israel's Victims of Terrorism. By Giulio Meotti. p.187
  2. ^ David Blair, "Revenge sparked suicide bombing". The Daily Telegraph via The Ottawa Citizen, October 6, 2003: A9. Terminology as found in the article; citizenship of the "three Arabs", Israeli or otherwise, is not particularized. A complete list of deceased victims may be found at Maxim restaurant suicide bombing.
  3. ^ a b Arnon Regular,Profile of the Haifa suicide bomber. October 5, 2003; www.haaretz.com.
  4. ^ a b c David Blair, "Revenge sparked suicide bombing". The Daily Telegraph via The Ottawa Citizen, October 6, 2003: A9.
  5. ^ Mid-East cycle of vengeance by Verity Murphy, BBC News Online, October 5, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Cult of the FEMALE SUICIDE BOMBER. The Sunday Times Magazine (Perth, W. Australia). By KEVIN TOOLIS, pp 12-15, September 10, 2006
  7. ^ a b Vered Levy-Barzalai, Ticking bomb. October 16, 2003; www.haaretz.com.
  8. ^ Admiral (res.) Ze'ev Almog
  9. ^ "HM Submarine Turpin". Submarines: Chatham Built. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 
  10. ^ Ruth Almog
  11. ^ Moshe Almog
  12. ^ Tomer Almog
  13. ^ Assaf Staier
  14. ^ Bruria Zer-Aviv
  15. ^ Bezalel Zer-Aviv
  16. ^ Keren Zer-Aviv
  17. ^ Liran Zer-Aviv
  18. ^ Noya Zer-Aviv
  19. ^ Nir Regev
  20. ^ Zvi Bahat
  21. ^ Mark Biano
  22. ^ Naomi Biano
  23. ^ Hana Francis
  24. ^ Sharbal Matar
  25. ^ Mutanus Karkabi
  26. ^ Osama Najar
  27. ^ Irena Sofrin
  28. ^ Lydia Zilberstein
  29. ^ George Matar
  30. ^ Psycho-political aspects of suicide warriors, terrorism, and martyrdom. Jamshid A. Marvasti. 2008. p. 274
  31. ^ Yoram Schweitzer (ed.), Female Suicide Bombers: Dying for Equality? . The Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies (JCSS). August 2006. p.20
  32. ^ Gail Corrington Streete. Redeemed bodies: women martyrs in early Christianity. p. 120
  33. ^ Brides of Palestine/Angels of Death: Media, Gender, and Performance in the Case of the Palestinian Female Suicide Bombers. Dorit Naaman. Signs Vol. 32, No. 4, War and Terror I: Raced‐Gendered Logics and Effects in Conflict Zones. The University of Chicago Press. doi:10.1086/512624
  34. ^ Al-Ayyam, August 22, 2005. As cited by "PA Ministry of Culture Glorifies Murderer of 29", World Security Network, Aug 23, 2005
  35. ^ Abu Toameh, Khaled (October 13, 2012). "Arab Lawyers Union honors Palestinian suicide bomber". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  36. ^ Union of Arab lawyers honors female Palestinian suicide bomber, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), October 18, 2012.
  37. ^ Arab Lawyers Union Honors Terrorist who Killed 21 Israelis in Haifa, Algemeiner Journal, October 18, 2012.
  38. ^ Suicide terrorist who killed 21 receives "highest honor" from Palestine Committee of Arab Lawyers Union by Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik, Palestinian Media Watch, October 18, 2012.
  39. ^ "Sharon backs envoy's art attack" CNN January 19, 2004
  40. ^ "Israel Diplomat Defends Attack On Bomber Art In Stockholm" New York Times
  41. ^ "Israelisk attack mot konstverk" Svenska Dagbladet
  42. ^ Envoy who damaged art work is praised. The Telegraph, 19 Jan 2004