Hanford, Washington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the nuclear site, see Hanford Site.
Hanford, Washington
Unincorporated community
Main street in Hanford, 1915
Main street in Hanford, 1915
Hanford, Washington is located in Benton County, Washington
Hanford, Washington
Hanford, Washington
Location of Hanford, Washington
Coordinates: 46°35′01″N 119°23′16″W / 46.5837479°N 119.3877995°W / 46.5837479; -119.3877995Coordinates: 46°35′01″N 119°23′16″W / 46.5837479°N 119.3877995°W / 46.5837479; -119.3877995[1]
Country United States
State Washington
County Benton
Elevation[2] 404 ft (123 m)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 99343
Area code(s) 509
GNIS feature ID 1511641[2]
Service station in Hanford, 1930
Hanford High School, 1925
Hanford High School, following its use for military training

Hanford was a small agricultural community in Benton County, Washington, United States. It was depopulated in 1943 along with the town of White Bluffs in order to make room for the nuclear production facility known as the Hanford Site. The town was located in what is now the "100F" sector of the site.

The original town, named for the judge and irrigation company president Cornelius Hanford,[3] was settled in 1907 on land bought by the local power and water utility. In 1913, the town had a spur railroad link to the transcontinental Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway, also known as 'the electric railroad.' By 1925 the town was booming thanks to high agricultural demand, and it boasted a hotel, bank, and its own elementary and high schools.

The town was condemned by the Federal government to make way for the Hanford site. Residents were given a thirty day eviction notice on March 9, 1943.[3] Most buildings were destroyed, with the notable exception of the high school. It was used during WWII as the construction management office. The school still stands today, marred by its use during the years for SWAT practice, and can be seen from the Hanford tour bus operated by the U.S. government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hanford". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-25. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 

External links[edit]