Hanover Square, London

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Coordinates: 51°30′50″N 0°8′39″W / 51.51389°N 0.14417°W / 51.51389; -0.14417

Hanover Square from Stow's London Squares (1750), looking north across Marylebone, which was only partly built up at that date.

Hanover Square, London, is a square in Mayfair, London W1, England, situated to the south west of Oxford Circus, the major junction where Oxford Street meets Regent Street.

The streets which converge at Hanover Square are [in alphabetical order]: Brook Street, Dering Street, Hanover Street, Harewood Place and Princes Street.

Hanover Square was developed from 1713 as a fashionable residential address by Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, the soldier and statesman best known for his role in the Glorious Revolution. Like Scarbrough, most of the early residents were staunch supporters of the Hanoverian succession of 1714. ‘Early Hanover Square was decidedly Whig and most decidedly military’, commented the architectural historian Sir John Summerson. Early residents included Generals Earl Cadogan, Sir Charles Wills, Stewart, Evans, Lord Carpenter and John Pepper, ‘names conspicuously associated with episodes in Marlborough’s war and the “Fifteen”.’[1][2]

While a few of the 18th-century houses remain largely intact, most of the square has been reconstructed in a variety of periods. It is now almost entirely occupied by offices, including the London office of Vogue, the UK Headquarters of the telecoms and data consultancy Expect Solutions, MVA Consultancy, the global headquarters of Stephen Smart & Co and the UK headquarters of the head-hunting company Odgers Berndtson.

St George's, Hanover Square, is a short distance to the south of the square at the junction of St George Street and Maddox Street, built on land given by William Steuart. In 1759 James Abercrombie (British Army general), commander-in-chief of British forces in North America during the French and Indian War, resided of St. Georges Street, Hanover Square. [3]


  1. ^ Summerson, pp. 98–100.
  2. ^ Walford, quoting Weekly Medley, 1717.
  3. ^ Maryland Gazette, 7 June, 1759
  • Sir John Summerson, Georgian London, revised edn, London: Penguin, 1969.
  • Edward Walford, Hanover Square and neighbourhood, Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. 314–326.