Haq Nawaz Jhangvi
Darul Uloom Deoband, India
Haq Nawaz Jhangvi (Urdu: حق نواز جهنگوی, Ḥaq Nawāz Jhangvī; 1952 – 22 February 1990) was a Pakistani Sunni Islamic scholar who founded the militant Islamic organization Sipah-e-Sahaba in the 1980s.
Haq Nawaz was born in 1952 in Chela, a village in the Jhang District of Punjab, Pakistan, to a poor, rural, Khoja family. He graduated from the Jamia Khair al-Madaris in Multan in 1971. Haq Nawaz joined the Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam and started teaching at a madrasah in Toba Tek Singh in 1972. In 1973 he became the imam and khatib of a Deobandi mosque in mohalla Piplianwala in the city of Jhang Saddar. Before he began focusing his preaching against Shias, he was active in the Khatm-i Nabuwwat movement against Ahmadis and also spoke out against practices of Barelvis.
After the 1979 Iranian Revolution, Jhangvi began attacking Iran, accusing it of supporting Shias in Pakistan and wanting to export its revolution. He directed his attacks against Shia beliefs and rituals, as well as against Ayatollah Khomeini, Iran's Supreme Leader. Locally, he targeted the Shah Jewna family and the district administration.
Jhangvi also began addressing social problems, becoming extremely popular with people who did not otherwise support his ideology, including local Shias. He emerged as a credible alternative to the local feudal families. Jhangvi founded Anjuman-i Sipah-i Sahabah in Jhang on 6 September 1985.
On 23 February 1990, Jhangvi was assassinated by suspected Shia militants. Former Sipah-e-Sahaba members Riaz Basra and Akram Lahori formed their own organization in 1996, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, which was named after Haq Nawaz Jhangvi.
- "Pakistan's militant Islamic groups". BBC News. 13 January 2002. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Abou-Zahab, Mariam (2004). "The Sunni-Shia Conflict in Jhang (Pakistan)". In Ahmad, Imtiaz; Reifeld, Helmut. Lived Islam in South Asia: Adaptation, Accommodation & Conflict. Jor Bagh, New Delhi: Social Science Press. ISBN 8187358157.
- "Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan". South Asia Terrorism Portal.
- "Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Terrorist Group of Pakistan". South Asia Terrorism Portal.
- Obituary for Haq Nawaz Jhangvi by Haq Char Yaar
- Last Will of Haq Nawaz Jhangvi at AhleHaq.com
- Sermons by Haq Nawaz Jhangvi at AhleHaq.com
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