Sir Harry Charles Luke (born Harry Charles Lukach) KCMG, GCStJ, D.Litt. of Oxford (1938) and honorary LLD of Malta, (London 1884 - Cyprus 1969) was an official in the British Colonial Office. He served in Barbados, Cyprus, Transcaucasia, Sierra Leone, Palestine, Malta, the British Western Pacific Territories and Fiji. He is the author of some books on several of these countries.
Luke's first official appointment was as Private Secretary (1908) and Aide-de-Camp in Barbados, except for a period during May–July when he was attached to the Colonial Office. He served as Private Secretary to the High Commissioner of Cyprus (1911–1912) and as Commissioner of Famagusta (1918–1920).
During World War I, he served as Commander of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve on the Syrian Coast, and as a Political Officer on the staff of Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss; for his services he was awarded the Italian medal for military valour.
In 1918 he married Joyce Fremlin (div. 1949).
In 1921, he was assistant Governor of Jerusalem and was appointed a member of the Haycraft Commission, which was established by Sir Herbert Samuel to investigate the cause of the riot which started in Jaffa on 1 May that year, and into the affairs of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
He was subsequently appointed to be the acting High Commissioner to the Government of Palestine. He assumed this position on 19 July 1928 and held it until 6 December 1928.
He died in Cyprus, where he often spent the winter, on 11 May 1969.
Luke married, in 1918, Joyce Evelyn Fremlin, the daughter of Henry James Leigh Fremlin and his wife, Maud Evelyn Deane (marriage dissolved by divorce in 1949). They had two sons, Peter Ambrose Cyprian ("Peter") Luke, born in 1919, and Michael Charles Deane ("Michael") Luke, born in 1925.
- CMG (1926), Knight (1933), Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (1939)
Luke's published works
- The Fringe of the East. Journey through Past and Present Provinces of Turkey, (Macmillan & Co), 1913 (First published under the name Harry Charles Lukach)
- The City of the Dancing Dervishes, 1914
- Cypriote Shrines, (Faith Press), 1920
- The Handbook of Cyprus (London), 1920 (together with D.J. Jardine)
- Cyprus under the Turks 1571-1878, (Oxford University Press), 1921
- Report of the commission appointed by the government of Palestine to inquire into the affairs of the orthodox partiarchate of Jerusalem, 1921 (together with Anton Bertram)
- The handbook of Palestine, 1922 (together with Edward Keith Roach)
- Anatolica, (London), 1924
- Mosul and its minorities, 1925
- Prophets, Priests and Patriarchs: sketches of the sects of Palestine and Syria, 1927
- In the Margin of History, 1933
- An Eastern Checkerboard, 1934
- More Moves on an Eastern Checkerboard, 1935
- The Making of Modern Turkey, (Macmillan & Co), 1936
- The British pacific islands, 1944
- From a South Seas Diary, 1938-1942, 1945
- "Aden", in: The British Empire, by Hector Bolitho, 1948.
- Malta, an account and an appreciation, 1949
- Caribbean Circuit, 1950
- Aegean, Cyprus, Turkey, Transcaucasia and Palestine (1914-1924), 1953
- Cities and Men: an autobiography - Vols. 1 & 2, 1953
- Queen Salote and her Kingdom, 1954
- The Tenth Muse: A Gourmet's Compendium, 1954 (a cookery book)
- The Old Turkey and the New: from Byzantium to Ankara, 1955 (First published in 1936 under the title The Making of Modern Turkey)
- Cities and Men: an autobiography, Vol. 3, 1956
- Cyprus: a Portrait and an Appreciation, (Harrap), 1957
Herbert Onslow Plumer
|High Commissioner of Palestine (acting)
Sir John Robert Chancellor
Sir Arthur Frederick Richards
|High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
Title next held bySir Alexander Grantham
|Governor of Fiji
Sir Philip Euen Mitchell
- Americanized spelling of the Hungarian (Lukács), from the personal name Lukács, Hungarian form of Lucas (English: Luke).
- Sir Harry Luke Collection
- Palestine. Disturbances in May, 1921. Reports of the Commission of Inquiry with correspondence relating thereto .. (1921), by the Haycraft Commission of Inquiry
- Sir Harry Luke Collection. Births registered in St Albans Registration District in the third quarter of 1919 and second quarter of 1925. Lady Luke married, secondly, Harold Anthany Shadforth, and died in Cape Town in 1973 - see eGGSA Library SHADFORTH Harold Anthany 1892-1983 & Joyce Evelyn FREMLIN 1894-1973.
- Holland, Robert (September 2004; online edition, January 2008). "Luke, Sir Harry Charles (1884–1969)" (subscription required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34629. Retrieved 17 April 2009.
- Archival material relating to Harry Luke listed at the UK National Archives
- Papers of Sir Harry Charles Luke at the Bodleian Library, Oxford
- Peerage page
- Rulers of Fiji
- Picture of Harry Luke in Palestine