Hendrik Petrus Berlage
Berlage was born in Amsterdam. He studied architecture under Gottfried Semper at the Zurich Institute of Technology during the 1870s after which he travelled extensively through Europe. In the 1880s he formed a Partnership in the Netherlands with Theodore Sanders which produced a mixture of practical and utopian projects. A published author, Berlage held memberships in various architectural societies including CIAM I.
Berlage was influenced by the Neo-Romanesque brickwork architecture of Henry Hobson Richardson and of the combination of structures of iron seen with brick of the Castle of the Three Geckos of Domènech i Montaner. This influence is visible in his design for the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange, for which he would also draw on the ideas of Viollet-le-Duc. The load-bearing bare brick walls and the notion of the primacy of space, and of walls as the creators of form, would be the constitutive principles of the 'Hollandse Zakelijkheid'. A visit Berlage made to the U.S. in 1911 greatly affected his architecture. From then on the organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright would be a significant influence. Lectures he gave when returned to Europe would help to disseminate Wright's thoughts in Germany.
Considered the "Father of Modern architecture" in the Netherlands and the intermediary between the Traditionalists and the Modernists, Berlage's theories inspired most Dutch architectural groups of the 1920s, including the Traditionalists, the Amsterdam School, De Stijl and the New Objectivists. He received the British RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 1932.
Some of his famous works include:
- the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange
- the plan for extension of Amsterdam, the 'Plan Zuid' or 'Plan Berlage'
- the Berlage brug (bridge) in Amsterdam
- Holland House, Bury Street, City of London (behind Norman's Foster's "Gherkin")
- the St. Hubertusslot part of the Kröller-Müller Museum
- the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag
- Descriptive data on lunar craters from the United States Geological Survey. (Click on the crater name ) : "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature - Moon Nomenclature: Crater, craters". from http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/ Astrogeology Research Program, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
- Sergio Polano, Giovanni Fanelli, Vincent Van Rossem (2002) : Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Phaidon Press, ISBN 1-904313-11-6
- Hendrik Berlage (1996): Hendrik Petrus Berlage: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909 (Texts & Documents), The Getty Center For The History Of Art, ISBN 0-89236-334-7
- KOHLENBACH (1991): H.P. Berlage: SCHRIFTEN ZUR ARCHITEKtur, Birkhäuser Basel; ISBN 3-7643-2587-9 (German edition)
- Singelenberg, Pieter (1972): H.P. Berlage. Idea and style. The quest for modern architecture, Utrecht, Haentjens Dekker & Gumbert
- Dennis Sharp (1991): Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture, Watson-Guptill, ISBN 0-8230-2539-X, ISBN 978-0-8230-2539-8
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hendrik Petrus Berlage.|
- Biography and works of Berlage
- Gemeentemuseum Den Haag
- National Library of the Netherlands - dossier Berlage