Henry Arthur Jones
|Henry Arthur Jones|
20 September 1851|
Granborough, Winslow, Buckinghamshire
|Died||7 January 1929
Jones was born at Granborough, Winslow, Buckinghamshire to Silvanus Jones, a farmer. Until he was 13, he attended Grace's Classical and Commercial Academy in Winslow, where he inherited property on his father's death in 1914. He began to earn his living early, his spare time being given to literary pursuits.
He was twenty-seven before his first piece, Only Round the Corner, was produced at the Exeter Theatre, but within four years of his debut as a dramatist he scored a great success with The Silver King (November 1882), written with Henry Herman, a melodrama produced by Wilson Barrett at the Princess's Theatre, London. Its financial success enabled the author to write a play "to please himself".
Saints and Sinners(1884), which ran for two hundred nights, placed on the stage a picture of middle-class life and religion in a country town, and the introduction of the religious element raised considerable outcry. The author defended himself in an article published in the Nineteenth century (January 1885), taking for his starting-point a quotation from the preface to Molière's Tartuffe. His next serious pieces, The Middleman(1889) and Judah (1890), established his reputation.
- Saints and Sinners(1884)
- The Middleman (1889)
- Judah (1890)
- The Dancing Girl (1891)
- The Crusaders (1891)
- The Bauble Shop (1892?)
- The Tempter (1893)
- The Masqueraders (1894)
- The Case of Rebellious Susan (1894, revived at the Orange Tree Theatre 1994)
- The Triumph of the Philistines (1895)
- Michael and his Lost Angel (1896)
- The Rogue's Comedy (1896)
- The Physician (1897)
- The Liars (1897)
- The Manoeuvres of Jane (1898)
- Carnac Sahib (1899)
- The Lackeys' Carnival (1900)
- Mrs Dane's Defence (1900)
- The Princess's Nose (1902)
- Chance the Idol (1902)
- Whitewashing Julia (1903)
- Joseph Entangled (1904)
- The Chevalier (1904)
- Mary Goes First (Playhouse, London 1913, New York 1914, revived at the Orange Tree Theatre 2008)
A uniform edition of his plays began to be issued in 1891. His views of dramatic art were expressed from time to time in lectures and essays, collected in 1895 as The Renaissance of the English Drama.
Criticism of his plays
In his lifetime
"There are three rules for writing plays," said Oscar Wilde. "The first rule is not to write like Henry Arthur Jones; the second and third rules are the same." This comic belittling is prompted by Wilde's aloof attitude in distancing himself from the foibles of the middle and higher classes, as opposed to Jones' method of realistic observations (from his viewpoint) on the way ordinary people act, though mainly emphasizing faults and weaknesses.
Although often treating similar subjects and with a similar realistic style as Henrik Ibsen, Jones is much less well known. One reason is his lack of deep psychological insight characteristic of the Norwegian master. Jones' dramatic characters are mostly one-sided. Another factor is Jones' conservative-minded attitude, as opposed to the liberal-minded Ibsen. Jones' comedies such as The Liars and Joseph Entangled have a slack construction, both tediously drawn out from a premise whereby a non-adulterous couple is caught in a compromising situation. In contrast, his dramas such as The Hypocrites, The Lie, and Mrs Dane's Defence have a tight construction with some striking scenes. The action in either style mostly represents ordinary people in conflict over amorous relations. Men often appear selfish, narrow-minded, and brutish, but sometimes uncompromising and brave. Women often appear frightened, especially whenever threatened to be exposed to social ostracism, but most often loyal and sensitive. Either sex often loses their heads whenever in the throes of love. There is often a male authoritative figure who sums up the situation in the final act, whose views are rarely or never challenged, such as Sir Daniel in Mrs Dane's Defence and Sir Richard in The Case of Rebellious Susan. The latter advises in this way a feminist who has incited female workers to strike: "At her own fireside, there is an immense future for women as wives and mothers, and a very limited future for them in any other capacity. While you ladies without passions — or with distorted and defeated passions — are raving and trumpeting all over the country, that wise, grim, old grandmother of us all, Dame Nature, is simply laughing up her sleeve and snapping her fingers at you and your new epochs and new movements. Go home!" Occasionally, there is a character who defies the views of most of the rest, such as Mr Linnell, the curate in The Hypocrites, which concerns the conflict between religious principles and money.
His criticisms of other people's plays
In his old age, Jones remarked that A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen should have ended with Helmer 'pouring himself a stiff glass of whisky and water and lifting it reverently toward Heaven exclaiming "Thank God I'm well rid of her"'
Later in his life Henry Arthur Jones wrote a series of non-fiction articles "arguing from the right against H.G. Wells and George Bernard Shaw".
One such work was My Dear Wells: a Manual for Haters of England (1921), a collection of open letters to H.G. Wells originally published in the New York Times. A sample of this work: "You unreservedly condemn and ridicule the cardinal Marxian doctrines. In this matter I congratulate you upon being in the company of thinkers of a higher cast than your usual associates and disciples. You tell us that although Marxian communism is stupidly, blindly wrong and mischievous, you have an admiration and friendship for the men who have imposed it upon the Russian people to the infinite misery and impoverishment of the land."
Wells repeatedly declined to respond, as in this letter to the New York Times, in 1921: "I do not believe that Mr. Jones has ever read a line that I have written. But he goes on unquenchably, a sort of endless hooting. I would as soon argue with some tiresome, remote and inattentive foghorn"; and later, in 1926, in the preface to Mr Belloc Objects: "For years I have failed to respond to Mr. Henry Arthur Jones, who long ago invented a set of opinions for me and invited me to defend them with an enviable persistence and vigour. Occasionally I may have corrected some too gross public mis-statement about me -- too often I fear with the acerbity of the inexperienced." 
Another sample of Henry Arthur Jones political writing is his response to George Bernard Shaw's anti-war manifesto Common Sense About the War: "The hag Sedition was your mother, and Perversity begot you. Mischief was your midwife and Misrule your nurse, and Unreason brought you up at her feet - no other ancestry and rearing had you, you freakish homunculus, germinated outside of lawful procreation."
Links to plays
"Puzzling Fiction of a Scattered Mind" by Angus Miquel Jenkins
"Henry Arthur Jones, Dramatist: Self-Revealed," an interview by Archibald Henderson, from the Autumn 1925 issue of the Virginia Quarterly Review
"A World Divided: The Plays of Henry Arthur Jones" by Regina Domeraski, unpublished dissertation, City University of New York 1980 (includes list of surviving plays, prose works, and letters)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "JONES, Henry Arthur". Who's Who, 59: p. 951. 1907.
- http://www.ibdb.com/person.php?id=6221 Jones' Broadway plays
- "Taking The Curtain Call: The Life and Letters of Henry Arthur Jones" by Doris Arthur Jones
- Quoted in Anthony Jenkins, The Making of Victorian Drama, 1991, Page 278
- The Henry Arthur Jones Collection at the University of London
- Henry Arthur Jones, Gentle Advice To "My Dear Wells", New York Times, Sunday December 5, 1920, query.nytimes.com
- H.G. Wells Mr. Wells on His Critics, January 6, 1921 New York Times, query.nytimes.com
- H.G. Wells, Mr. Belloc Objects, gutenberg.net.au, September 1926
- quoted by Margot Peters, The Playwright as Terrorist New York Times, September 17, 1989, query.nytimes.com
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