Henry Dunant Medal

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The Henry Dunant Medal is the highest award of the Red Cross Movement. It is named after Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross Movement. The medal is presented every two years by the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. This body represents the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the various National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

History[edit]

In 1963, the idea of creating a medal named in honour of the founder of the International Red Cross was submitted to and approved by the Council of Delegates. This coincided with the 100th anniversary of the Red Cross. In 1965, through the generosity of the Australian Red Cross, the Henry Dunant Medal was established by the International Red Cross Conference in Vienna.[1] The first medals were presented in 1969.[2]

Criteria[edit]

The Henry Dunant Medal is awarded by the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. This body, representing all of the groups making up the Red Cross Movement, makes five awards of the medal every two years. These limits are placed to ensure the value and prestige of the medal as the highest honour the Red Cross Movement can bestow upon one of its members.[1]

The medal is awarded to, "recognise and reward outstanding services and acts of great devotion, mainly of international significance, to the cause of the Red Cross/Red Crescent by any of its members". The Standing Commission gives special weight to the international significance of the a potential recipients' acts or service. If the international dimension is lacking, the Commission would likely not select the individual concerned. Though their acts of service may be great, but would likely best be recognized by their National Society.[1]

Regulations still allow for the posthumous award of the medal. However, the various groups of the movement have been encouraged to create recognitions for those killed in service to the Red Cross. All posthumous nominations for the Henry Dunant Medal should be for, "truly exceptional cases."[1]

Description[edit]

The Henry Dunant Medal is in the shape of a Geneva or Greek cross. The arms of the cross are colored with red enamel. In the center of the cross is a circular bronze medallion bearing effigy of Henry Dunant, facing left. Circumscribed around the effigy are the words HENRY DUNANT 1828-1910. The reverse of the medal is plain. To the top arm of the cross is attached a loop for ribbon suspension.[3]

The ribbon is depicted as either solid green,[3] or green with red edges.[4]

Recipients[edit]

  • Sai Aung Hlaing Myint, 1963.A member of Myanmar Red Cross Society,for saving a soldier whose car fell into the Ayeyarwady River which was icy cold at that time .
  • Pierre Tacier, 1969. First living recipient of the medal, former ICRC Delegate.[2]
  • John MacAulay, 1973. Chairman of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1959 to 1965, first Canadian recipient.[5]
  • Dr Abdul Aziz Mudarris, 1983. Established the Saudi Red Crescent in 1962, he was the first President of the Saudi Red Crescent[6]
  • Joseph Adefarasin, 1987. Former President of the Red Cross League, first Nigerian recipient.[7]
  • Dr. Ahmad Abu Goura, 1993. President of the Jordanian Red Crescent Society from 1964 to 1993.[8]
  • Phlech Phiroun, 2001. Former President of the Cambodian Red Cross.[9]
  • Roger Durand, 2001. Founder and president of the Henry Dunant Society and former Vice-president of the Geneva Red Cross.[9]
  • Monique Basque, 2003. Former President of the Red Cross of Côte d'Ivoire[10]
  • Frits Kalshoven, 2003. Legal scholar and a specialist in International Humanitarian Law[10]
  • André Durand, 2003. Former ICRC field delegate and author of a history of the ICRC and the Movement[10]
  • Noreen Minogue, 2003. Former deputy Secretary General of the Australian Red Cross and promoter of International Humanitarian Law[10]
  • In 2005, the volunteers and staff of the Red Cross Societies of the four countries most severely affected by the devastating tsunami of 26 December 2004—India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand[11]
  • General Bjørn Egge, 2005. Former President of the Norwegian Red Cross[11]
  • Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson, 2005. Former President of the Swedish Red Cross and member of the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent[11]
  • Colonel Dr. Mekonnen Muluneh, 2005. Of the Ethiopian Red Cross Society.[11]
  • Dr. Jean Pictet, 2005 (posthumously). Main architect of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and former Vice-President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).[11]
  • James Joseph Carlton, 2007. Former secretary general of the Australian Red Cross and Australian Minister of Health from 1982 to 1983
  • Christoph Hensch, 2007. Former ICRC delegate and survivor of the attack on the Red Cross hospital in the Chechen town of Novye Atagi, in 1996.
  • Alexander Dumba Ika, 2007. Former head of the Congolese Red Cross tracing service in Ituri and head of the ICRC delegation in Bunia
  • Josiane Gabel, 2007. Former French Red Cross delegate in Congo and in Chad and National First Aid Director of the Red Cross of Chad
  • Datuk Datin Paduka Ruby Lee, 2009. Former Malaysian Red Crescent Society (MRCS) secretary-general.[12]
  • Shimelis Adugna, 2011. Former president of the Ethiopian Red Cross and former minister of labour and social affairs of Ethiopia.[4]
  • Astrid Nøklebye Heiberg, 2011. Former president of the Norwegian Red Cross and former president of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "What is the Henry Dunant Medal". Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "XXIst INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE RED CROSS". International Review of the Red Cross 9 (104): 607. November 1969. doi:10.1017/s0020860400063555. ISSN 0020-8604. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "International Committee of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant Medal". www.medal-medaille.com. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Henry Dunant Medal 2011". Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "John MacAulay 1959-65". Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement History. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Eighth Award of the Henry Dunant Medal". International Review of the Red Cross 23 (234): 163. June 1983. doi:10.1017/S0020860400069175. ISSN 0020-8604. 
  7. ^ International Committee of the Red Cross (1987). Annual Report. International Committee of the Red Cross. LCCN 76643262. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Henry Dunant Medal". International Review of the Red Cross 33 (297): 487. December 1993. doi:10.1017/S0020860400082139. ISSN 0020-8604. 
  9. ^ a b "Henry Dunant Medals Awarded". ICRC. 11 November 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Henry Dunant medals awarded 30-11-2003 News Release 03/77". International Committee of the Red Cross. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d e ICRC (2005-11-17). "Henry Dunant medals awarded at Red Cross Red Crescent Council of Delegates". Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Henry Dunant Medal For Datuk Datin Paduka Ruby Lee". Malaysian Red Crescent. Retrieved 12 December 2013.