Herman (bishop)

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For other bishops of this name, see Herman (name).
Bishop of Salisbury
Church Roman Catholic Church
Province Canterbury
Diocese Salisbury
In office 1075–1078
Successor Osmund
Consecration circa 1045
Personal details
Died 20 February 1078
Denomination Roman Catholic
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Herman (died 1078) was a medieval cleric who served as the Bishop of Ramsbury and Bishop of Sherborne, before the dioceses were united to form the Bishopric of Salisbury, of which he was the first bishop.[1]

Herman was a native of Flanders.[2] As chaplain of Edward the Confessor he was named to the see of Ramsbury shortly after 22 April 1045. He visited Rome in 1050, where he attended a papal council, along with his fellow English bishop Aldred.[3] He resigned Ramsbury in 1055[4] when King Edward the Confessor of England did not allow the transfer of the see from Ramsbury to Malmesbury.[5] Herman wished to take over the abbey and turn it into his cathedral, because Ramsbury was poor, and Malmesbury was a rich abbey.[6] After his resignation, he returned to the continent and became a monk at the abbey of St. Bertin at Saint-Omer. He was named to the see of Sherborne about 1058 and was restored to Ramsbury, thus holding both bishoprics together.[7] He later moved the see to Salisbury, making the new diocese of Salisbury.[8] Approval of the transfer of the see was given at the Council of London in 1074 and 1075.[7] While bishop he was a patron of Goscelin of Saint-Bertin, a noted medieval historian and musician.[9]

Herman died on 20 February 1078.[8]


  1. ^ He is sometimes called the "Bishop of Wiltshire".
  2. ^ William of Malmesbury, Gesta Pontificum Anglorum, § 83 cap.6: Regnabat iam tunc Edwardus, qui Hermanno capellano suo, natione Flandrensi, continuo pontificatum donandum putauit.
  3. ^ Smith "Court and Piety" Catholic Historical Review p. 574
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 220
  5. ^ Barlow F., The life of King Edward who rests at Westminster (Oxford 1992), xlviii-xlix
  6. ^ Burton Monastic and Religious Orders pp. 14–15
  7. ^ a b British History Online Bishops of Salisbury accessed on 30 October 2007
  8. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 222
  9. ^ Williams English and the Norman Conquest pp. 134–135


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bertwald (bishop)
Bishop of Ramsbury
Succeeded by
Ealdred (administrator)
Preceded by
Ealdred (administrator)
Bishop of Ramsbury
Ramsbury and Sherborne
were combined and the see
removed to Salisbury
Preceded by
Ælfwold II
Bishop of Sherborne
New title Bishop of Salisbury
Succeeded by