Hitchens' razor is a principle in epistemology ( philosophical razor). It states that the burden of proof (onus) in a debate lies with the claim-maker and if he or she does not meet it then the opponent does not need to argue against the unfounded claim. It is named, in reference to Occam's Razor, for journalist and writer Christopher Hitchens (1949–2011), who formulated it thus in 2003: [1 ] [2 ]
What can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
Hitchens' razor is actually a translation of the Latin proverb "
Quod gratis asseritur, gratis negatur", which has been widely used at least since the early 19th century, [3 ] but Hitchens' English rendering of the phrase has made it more widely known in the 21st century. It is used, for example, to counter [4 ] presuppositional apologetics. This quotation appears by itself in , a book by Hitchens in 2007. God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything [5 ]
Richard Dawkins, a fellow atheist activist of Hitchens, formulated a different version of the same law that has the same implication, at TED in February 2002: [6 ]
The onus is on you to say why, the onus is not on the rest of us to say why not.
Dawkins used his version to argue against
agnosticism, which he described as "poor" in comparison to atheism, because it refuses to judge on claims that are, even though not wholly [7 ] falsifiable, very unlikely to be true.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Christopher Hitchens, "Mommie Dearest" - slate.com. October 20, 2003.
^ Christopher Hitchens, (2007). Twelve Books, New York. God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything
^ Jon R. Stone, The Routledge Dictionary of Latin Quotations (2005), p. 101.
^ e.g. , Vol. 40 (1829), The Classical Journal p. 312.
^ Richard Dawkins, Militant Atheism - ted.com. February, 2002.
^ Richard Dawkins, "The Poverty of Agnosticism" in: The God Delusion (2006). Bantam Books, London.