House of Holstein-Gottorp (Swedish line)

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  Swedish Royalty
  House of Holstein-Gottorp
COA country se house of Holstein-Gottorp.svg

Adolf Frederick
Children
   Gustav III
   Charles XIII
   Frederick Adolf, Duke of Östergötland
   Sophia Albertina, Abbess of Quedlinburg
Gustav III
Children
   Gustav IV Adolf
   Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland
Gustav IV Adolf
Children
   Gustav, Prince of Vasa
   Carl Gustav, Grand Duke of Finland
   Sophie, Grand Duchess of Baden
   Princess Amalia Maria Charlotta
   Cecilia, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Grandchildren include:
   Carola, Queen of Saxony
Charles XIII

The House of Holstein-Gottorp, a cadet branch of the Oldenburg dynasty, ruled Sweden from 1751 until 1818, and Norway from 1814 to 1818.

In 1743, Adolf Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp was elected crown prince of Sweden as a Swedish concession to Russia, a strategy for achieving an acceptable peace after the disastrous war of the same year. He became King of Sweden in 1751.

King Gustav III, Adolf Frederick's eldest son, was enthusiastic about the fact that through his great-great-grandmother their dynasty descended from the royal House of Vasa. He expressed wishes that their house be known as Vasa, as the new royal house of Vasa and the continuation of the original. There was no effective way to force this change. Historians have not agreed with Gustav's desires, and the house is always referred to as Holstein-Gottorp.

In 1809, Gustav III's son King Gustav IV Adolf was deposed following the loss of Finland, and the dynasty disappeared from Swedish history with the death of his uncle King Charles XIII in 1818. In 1810, Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, a Marshal of France, was elected crown prince, and became the founder of the next and current Swedish dynasty, the House of Bernadotte.

In 1836, Gustav, the son of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf, was created Prince of Vasa in Austria (written Wasa). However, the use of that name ceased when the prince's only surviving child, his daughter Carola died without children.

The marriage of the future King Gustaf V to Princess Victoria of Baden in 1881 united the ruling House of Bernadotte with a descendant of the House of Holstein-Gottorp since Victoria was a great-granddaughter of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf.

Kings of Sweden[edit]

King of Norway[edit]

House of Holstein-Gottorp
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Preceded by
House of Hesse
Ruling house of the Kingdom of Sweden
1751–1818
Succeeded by
House of Bernadotte
Preceded by
House of Oldenburg
Ruling house of the Kingdom of Norway
1814–1818