||This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)
Icehenge (1984) is a science fiction novel by Kim Stanley Robinson.
Though it was published almost ten years before Kim Stanley Robinson's acclaimed Mars trilogy and takes place in a different version of the future, Icehenge contains elements that should be familiar to readers of the Mars series. Extreme human longevity, Martian political revolution, historical revisionism, and shifts between primary characters are all present.
Icehenge is part mystery, part psychological drama, and is set in three distinct time periods. The story shifts from a failed Martian political revolution of 2248, to an expedition to explore a mysterious monument on the north pole of Pluto three centuries later, and ultimately to a space station orbiting Saturn, home to a reclusive and wealthy woman who may hold the key to solving a mystery spanning centuries.
Development history 
The first part of this novel was originally published as the novella To Leave a Mark in the November 1982 issue of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction.
The third part of Icehenge was originally published as the novella On the North Pole of Pluto in 1980 in the anthology Orbit 18 edited by Damon Knight. Robinson gave the novella in rough form to Ursula K. Le Guin to read and edit while he was enrolled in her writing workshop at UCSD in the spring of 1977. Views of Saturn from the space station inhabited by the character Caroline Holmes in this section were inspired by images of Saturn taken during the Voyager flybys.
Publication history 
- 1984, United States, Ace Books ISBN 0-441-35854-3, Pub date 1984, paperback
- 1985, United Kingdom, Futura Orbit ISBN 0-7088-8166-1, Pub date December 1985, paperback
- 1986, United Kingdom, MacDonald ISBN 0-356-12402-9, Pub date October 1986, hardback
- 1986, France, Denoël ISBN 2-207-30425-6, Pub date September 1986, paperback
- 1986, Italy, Editrice Nord ISBN 88-429-0171-7, Pub date 1986, paperback
- 1987, West Germany, Bastei-Lübbe ISBN 3-404-24092-8, Pub date 1987, paperback
- 1990, United States, Tor Books ISBN 0-8125-0267-1, Pub date September 1990, paperback
- 1997, United Kingdom, Voyager ISBN 0-00-648255-4, Pub date 15 September 1997, paperback
- 1997, Croatia, Zagrebačka naklada ISBN 953-6234-26-2, Pub date 1997, paperback
- 1997, Bulgaria, Лира Принт ISBN 954-8610-18-3, Pub date 1997, paperback
- 1998, United States, Tor Orb ISBN 0-312-86609-7, Pub date July 1998, paperback
- 2001, People's Republic of China, 漓江出版社 ISBN 7-5407-2610-5, Pub date 2001, paperback
- 2003, France, Gallimard ISBN 2-07-031304-2, Pub date December 2003, paperback
- 2004, Spain, Minotauro ISBN 84-450-7495-4, Pub date 9 March 2004, paperback
- 2009, United Kingdom, Voyager ISBN 978-0-00-733674-6, Pub date 1 August 2009, paperback
- ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (November 1982). "To Leave a Mark". The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction 63 (5): 5–54.
- ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (1980). "On the North Pole of Pluto". In Damon Knight. Orbit 21. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-012426-1.
- ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (2010). "Untitled". In Karen Joy Fowler. 80! Memories & Reflections on Ursula K. Le. Seattle: Aqueduct Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-933500-43-0.
- ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (2006). "Saturn Sublime". Saturn: A New View. New York: Abrams. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-8109-3090-2.
External links