Idosawa Fault

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Coordinates: 36°34′12″N 140°25′48″E / 36.570°N 140.430°E / 36.570; 140.430

The Idosawa Fault (井戸沢断層 Idozawa Dansō?),[1] also referred to as the Shionihara Fault, is an active earthquake fault system located in Fukushima Prefecture of Japan, to the west of Iwaki city. It mainly consists of a trace of three separate striations.

Structure[edit]

The fault was first mapped by the Active Fault Research Group in 1991 as a complex of north-northwest-striking inactive traces of fault in the Hamadōri region. It has since been compartmentalized into separate striations near Tabito-cho west of Iwaki city. The northernmost and largest of the faultlines, the North Fault, was identified in 2009 and extends roughly 24 km (15 mi) from the southeast to the northwest (N45˚W). To its southwest, two parallel faultlines, the East and Shionihara faults, extend from the south-southeast to the north-northwest (N10˚W). The faultlines are separated by 1 km (0.6 mi) and span roughly 23 km and 22 km (14 mi), respectively. The westernmost of the two, the Shionihara Fault lies near Tabito-cho and borders the small village of Shionohira, after which it was named.[2]

The main structural trend is north-northwest–south-southeast, with sinking observed only to the south on the east side of the fault. Metamorphic rock and Cretaceous strata, as well as granite and epidiorite are distributed in the region; the fault is described as a limit to the distribution of tuff from the Neogene Period.[3]

Yunodake Fault[edit]

To the northeast of the Idosawa Fault complex lies a separate normal fault trace, which was named the Yunodake Fault (also Yunotake) in 2011. Distanced approx. 50 km (30 mi) from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the fault had been dormant for 120,000–130,000 before it ruptured during the magnitude 7.1 Mw Fukushima Hamadori earthquake on 11 April 2011.[4] Several geological surveys have since been conducted in its vicinity.[5][6][7] Evidence of sedimentary rock layers deposited after the Late Pleistocene beneath the fault suggests that the Yunotake Fault had been in the active in the past.[4]

Notable earthquakes[edit]

  • March 19, 2011: A magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck near Ibaraki Prefecture, with its hypocenter located near the Idosawa Fault. The earthquake occurred as a result of normal-faulting.[8]
  • March 23, 2011: A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck near northern Ibaraki. The quake occurred near the fault, with a focal mechanism of a normal-fault type.[8]
  • April 11, 2011: A magnitude 7.1 earthquake with a depth of 10 km (6 mi) struck near Ishikawa, Fukushima. The quake occurred along the Shionihira Fault and caused a surface rupture of approx. 7 km (4 mi). In addition, a vertical displacement of 0.8–1.8 m was observed.[2][3]
  • April 12, 2011: A magnitude 6.0 aftershock with a depth of 12 km (8 mi) struck near the same region along the Idosawa "North" Fault.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "いわき市の地表に7キロの断層 4月11日の余震でずれ". asahi.com. Asahi Shimbun Company. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Kelson, Keith I.; Harder, Jr., Leslie F.; Kishida, Tadahiro; Ryder, Isabelle (5 June 2011). Preliminary Observations of Surface Fault Rupture from the April 11, 2011 Mw6.6 Hamadoori Earthquake, Japan (an aftershock of the March 11, 2011 Tohoku Offshore Earthquake, Japan) (Report). Geotechnical Extreme Events Reconnaissance. pp. 1 6. GEER-025d. http://www.geerassociation.org/GEER_Post%20EQ%20Reports/Tohoku_Japan_2011/QR4_Preliminary%20Observations%20of%20Surface%20Fault%20Rupture_06.06.11.pdf. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b "The surface earthquake fault of the 11th April 2011 earthquake in Hamadoori Fukushima pref". outreach.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp. Outreach and Public Relations Office. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Status of investigation on Yunotake Fault (quick report) (Pamphlet). Press Conference Handouts Archive: November 2011. Tokyo Electric Power Company. 21 November 2011. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/images/handouts_111121_03-e.pdf.
  5. ^ Tetik, Cigdem (11 September 2011). "Implication of recent case histories of earthquake-inflicted mass movement; a case studies at Ojiya City aftermaths the 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake and at Iwaki City aftermaths the 2011 Fukushima Prefecture Hamadori earthquake". International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering. 
  6. ^ . SEGJ Technical Conference. Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan. 2011. 
  7. ^ Overview of fault investigation regarding Yunodake fault (Pamphlet). Press Conference Handouts Archive: September 2011. Tokyo Electric Power Company. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/betu11_e/images/110928e13.pdf.
  8. ^ a b Active Fault and Earthquake Research Center (2011). "Study on related inland earthquakes". National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology. Retrieved 31 January 2012.