International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia refers to two very different revisions of the same Bible encyclopedia. The first version was published under the general editorship of the fundamentalist James Orr (1844-1913), among other objectives to counteract the impact of higher criticism.[1]

The original encyclopedia was published by the Howard-Severance Co., Chicago, in 1915. A revised version was published by Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. in 1989. The revised version should not be confused with the public domain 1915 edition that can be found freely available at various sites. It contains articles by nearly 200 evangelical scholars about archaeological discoveries, the language and literature of Bible lands, customs, family life, occupations, and the historical and religious environments of Bible people.

Reception[edit]

According to Stephen Motyer, the conservatism of the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia "is that of broad, main-line evangelicalism, although it seems to be slightly more conservative than the work it replaces". He also says it makes "dogmatic use of the Bible", and adds : "sometimes it seems to go over the top somewhat".[2]

Contributors[edit]

This list of contributors is taken from the Revised Edition that was edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley. An asterisk (*) indicates that the person contributed an article to the 1915 edition that is still in the Revised Edition. New articles far outnumber older revised articles in the revised version. So much so that the revised version should be understood to be a completely new work with the same title as the 1915 version. For some reason many contributors are listed more than once in the revised version. It is likely that the multiple listings is because of the scholar being at different institutions during the long process of revision. A scholar may have been employed at one school when they submitted one article in the beginning of the revision process and by the end they were employed at another school when they submitted their last article. The subject of the revision process and the rationale for retaining and updating some articles from the 1915 version is discussed in the preface and introduction of the revised version.

Adams, Kimberly Van Esveld
B.A., M.A., Former Editorial Assistant, ISBE Revision Project.
Aharoni, Yohanan
Late Chairman of the Department of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Alden, Robert L.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Denver Conservative Baptist Seminary, Denver, Colorado.
Allen, George H.*
Ph.D., Editor of the Forum Conche, or Fuero De Cuenca, the Medieval Charter and Bylaws of the City of Cuenca, Spain.
Allen, Ronald B.
B.A., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Hebrew Scripture and Chairman of the Department of Old Testament, Western Conservative Baptist Seminary, Portland, Oregon.
Anderson, Ray S.
B.S., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Theology and Ministry, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Anderson, Robert T.
B.A., S.T.B., Ph.D., Chairperson, Department of Religious Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
Angus, Samuel*
M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Historical Theology, St. Andrew’s College, University of Sydney, Australia.
Archer, Gleason L., Jr.
B.A., B.D., A.M., Ph.D., LL.B., Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
Armerding, Carl Edwin
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Principal and Professor of Old Testament, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Armstrong, William P.*
D.D., Professor of New Testament Literature and Exegesis, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Ashley, Timm R.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Senior Pastor, Aurora Community Baptist Church, Aurora, Colorado.
Aune, David E.
B.A., M.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Saint Xavier College, Chicago, Illinois.
Baker, David W.
A.B., M.C.S., M.Phil., Pastoral Staff, Westminster Gospel Chapel, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
Balchin, John A.
M.A., B.D., Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, Papakura, New Zealand.
Ball, Edward
M.A., Lecturer in Old Testament, St. John’s College, Nottingham, England.
Baly, A. Denis
B.A., Late Professor of Religion, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio.
Bandstra, Andrew J.
A.B., B.D., Th.D., Professor of New Testament, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Bandstra, Barry L.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Religion, Hope College, Holland, Michigan.
Banks, Edgar J.*
Ph.D., Professor of Ancient History in Robert College, Constantinople, Turkey, and Field Director of the Babylonian Expedition of the University of Chicago.
Barker, Glenn W.
A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Late Provost and Professor Christian Origins, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Bartchy, S. Scott
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Adjunct Associate Professor of Early Christian History, University of California; Resident New Testament Scholar, Westwood Christian Foundation, Los Angeles, California.
Bason, Robert E. W.
B.A., B.D., President, Charitable Funding Services, Inc., Santa Barbara, California.
Bass, Clarence B.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Theology and Ethics, Bethel Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Baur, William*
D.D., Professor of Church History, Eden Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Beecher, Willis Judson*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature, Auburn Theological Seminary, Auburn, New York.
Beitzel, Barry J.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
Berry, George Ricker*
D.D., Ph.D., Professor of Semitic Languages, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York.
Biggs, David W.
Th.B., M.Div., M.A., Graduate Student in Biblical Studies, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Birch, Bruce C.
B.A., B.D., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, D.C.
Birkey, Arlan J.
A.B., Th.B., M.Div., Associate Professor of Greek and Bible, Fort Wayne Bible College, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Block, Daniel I.
B.Ed., B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Blomberg, Craig L.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of New Testament, Denver Conservative Baptist Seminary, Denver, Colorado.
Borchert, Gerald L.
B.A., LL.B., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Bower, Robert K.
B.S., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Late Professor of Practical Theology and Pastoral Counseling, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Bowman, John
Ph.D., Professor of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Melbourne, Australia.
Boyd, James Oscar.*
Ph.D., D.D., Assistant Professor of Oriental and Old Testament Literature, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Bremer, Paul L.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Bible and Greek Language, Reformed Bible College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Breslich, Arthur Louis*
B.D., Ph.D., President of Baldwin-Wallace College and Nast Theological Seminary, Berea, Ohio.
Brisco, Thomas V.
B.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biblical Backgrounds and Archaeology, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas.
Bromiley, Geoffrey W.
M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Church History and Historical Theology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Brown, Colin
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Brownlee, William H.
Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.
Bruce, Frederick Fyvie
M.A., D.D., F.B.A., Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism and Exegesis, University of Manchester, England.
Bube, Richard H.
Sc.B., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Materials Science and Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Buchanan, George Wesley
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, D.C.
Buehler, William W.
B.S., B.D., D.Th., Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies, Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts.
Bullard, Reuben G.
B.A., Th.B., M.A., M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Ancient History and Geology, Cincinnati Bible College & Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Burdick, Donald W.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of New Testament, Conservative Baptist Theological Seminary, Denver, Colorado.
Burge, Gary M.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biblical Literature, North Park College, Chicago, Illinois.
Burke, David G.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Director, Office on Studies, Lutheran World Ministries, New York, New York.
Burton, Kelly L. C. Russell
B.A., M.A., Graduate Student in Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Bush, Frederic W.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Butler, James T.
B.A., M.Div., Instructor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Caldecott, W. Shaw*
M.R.A.S., Minister of the Wesleyan Conferences of Great Britain and South Africa.
Calder, William M.*
M.A., LL.D., Professor of Greek and Lecturer in Christian Epigraphy in the University of Manchester, England.
Call, Merlin W.
A.B., J.D., Vice-President, Tuttle & Taylor, Inc., Los Angeles, California.
Campbell, Antony F., S.J.
B.A., M.A., S.T.L., L.S.S., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Jesuit Theological College, United Faculty of Theology, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Campbell, E. F.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Illinois.
Campbell, Robert C.
A.B., M.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., President, Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Carmignac, Jean
D.Th., Editor, Revue de Qumrân, Paris, France.
Carpenter, Eugene E.
A.B., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament Literature and Languages, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Carr, G. Lloyd
B.Th., B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies and Chairman of the Division of Humanities, Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts.
Cartledge, Tony W.
B.S.Ed., M.Div., Doctoral Candidate in Old Testament, Duke University; Pastor, Oak Grove Baptist Church, Boone, North Carolina.
Carver, William Owen*
M.A., Th.D., LL.D., Professor of Comparative Religion and Missions, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Chamberlain, Gary
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, University of Dubuque Theological Seminary, Dubuque, Iowa.
Christians, Clifford G.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Communications, University of Illinois at Urbana, Illinois.
Clemons, James T.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, D.C.
Clines, David J. A.
B.A., M.A., Senior Lecturer, Department of Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield, England.
Clippinger, Walter Gillan*
B.A., D.D., LL.D., President of Otterbein College, Westerville, Ohio.
Cobern, Camden M.*
D.D., Ph.D., Professor of English Bible and Philosophy of Religion, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania.
Cochrane, Michael R.
B.A., M.Div., M.Th., Graduate Student, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Cohon, Samuel S.*
B.A., Rabbi, Zion Temple, Chicago, Illinois.
Collins, Adela Yarbro
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Illinois.
Condor, Claude Reignier*
LL.D., M.R.A.S., Archeologist and Topographer.
Conrad, Edgar W.
A.B., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Teacher in the Department of Religious Studies, University of Queensland, Australia.
Cook, Edward M.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Adjunct Faculty, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Corley, Kathleen E.
B.A., Doctoral Student in New Testament, The Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.
Cottle, Ronald E.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., M.S.Ed., Ed.D., Executive Vice President, Assemblies of God Graduate School, Springfield, Missouri.
Cotton, Jesse L.*
D.D., LL.D., Professor of Old Testament Exegesis, Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Couch, Aaron J.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Pastor, Grace Lutheran Church, Ridgecrest, California.
Coughenour, Robert A.
B.S., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Western Theological Seminary, Holland, Michigan.
Cox, James J. C.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor and Chairman of the Department of New Testament, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Craigie, Peter C.
M.A., Dip.Th., M.Th., Ph.D., Late Professor of Religious Studies and Vice President (Academic), University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Crannell, Philip Wendell*
D.D., President, Kansas City Baptist Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Kansas.
Crawford, Albert G.
B.R.E., B.D., M.A., Associate Professor of Religion and Bible, Grand Rapids Baptist College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Crichton, James*
B.D., M.A., Senior Minister of the United Free Church, Airdrie, Scotland.
Culpepper, R. Alan
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Daane, James
A.B., Th.B., Th.D., Senior Professor of Theology and Ministry, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Danker, Frederick W.
B.D., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Dau, W. H. T.*
D.D., President of Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana.
Davies, T. Witton*
B.A., D.D., Ph.D., Professor of Semitic Languages, University College, Bangor, North Wales.
Davies, William Walter*
M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Hebrew, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio.
Day, Alfred Ely*
M.A., M.Sc., Professor of Natural Sciences, American University of Beirut.
DeBoer, Willis P.
A.B., Th.B., Th.D., Professor of Religion and Theology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
DeClaissé-Walford, Stephen G.
B.A., M.A., Doctoral Student in Ancient Near Eastern Studies, University of California at Los Angeles.
Deere, Derward W.
Th.D, Late Professor of Old Testament, Golden Gate Theological Seminary, Mill Valley, California.
DeHoog, John W.
A.B., Former Project Editor, ISBE Revision.
DeMent, Byron H.*
Th.D., Professor of Sunday School Pedagogy, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Dennison, James T., Jr.
B.S., B.D., M.Div., Th.M., Librarian, Westminster Theological Seminary in California, Escondido, California.
DeRaud, Mark E.
B.A., Student, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
De Vries, Bert
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of History, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
De Vries, Carl E.
B.S., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Former Research Associate (Associate Professor), Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
DeVries, LaMoine
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Campus Minister, Baptist Student Union and Adjunct Instructor, Old Testament and Archaeology, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri.
Dickie, Archibald Campbell*
M.A., F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A., Professor of Architecture, University of Manchester, England.
Dickie, John*
M.A., D.D., Principal and Professor of Systematic Theology, Knox College, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Dillman, Charles N.
A.B., B.D., Th.M. Ph.D., Professor of Religion and Biblical Studies, Spring Arbor College, Spring Arbor, Michigan.
Dolphin, Lambert T.
A.B., Senior Research Physicist, SRI International, Menlo Park, California.
Donaldson, Terence L.
B.Sc., M.Rel., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of New Testament Language and Literature, College of Emmanuel and Saint Chad, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Doolan, Leonard W.*
B.A., Th.D., Pastor, First Baptist Church, Danville, Kentucky.
Dorman, Theodore M.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Dorsey, David A.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Evangelical School of Theology, Myerstown, Pennsylvania.
Dosker, Henry E.*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Church History, Presbyterian Seminary of Kentucky, Louisville, Kentucky.
Downer, Benjamin Reno*
B.A., Th.D., Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament, Kansas City Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Kansas.
Downey, Glanville
A.B., Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of History and Classical Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Dozeman, Thomas B.
B.A., M.Div., M.Phil., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Dugan, Robert P., Jr.
B.A., M.Div., Director, Office of Public Affairs of the National Association of Evangelicals, Washington, D.C.
Duke, Rodney K.
B.A., M.C.S., Doctoral Candidate in Old Testament, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
Dungan, David Roberts*
M.A., LL.D., Author, Des Moines, Iowa.
Eades, Keith L.
B.A., M.A., M.A., Doctoral Student in Old Testament, The Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.
Earle, Ralph
A.B., B.D., M.A., Th.D., Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Emeritus, Nazarene Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Missouri.
Easton, Burton Scott*
D.D., Ph.D., Professor of the Interpretation and Literature of the New Testament, General Theological Seminary, New York, New York.
Edwards, David Miall*
M.A., Ph.D., D.D., Professor of Doctrinal Theology and Philosophy of Religion, Memorial College (Congregational), Brecon, South Wales.
Edwards, Ruth B.
M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in New Testament Exegesis, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.
Ellens, J. Harold
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Executive Director, Christian Association for Psychological Studies, International; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Psychology and Christianity, Farmington Hills, Michigan.
Ellis, E. Earle
B.S., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Research Professor of Theology, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas.
Ellison, Henry Leopold
B.A., B.D., Senior Tutor, Moorlands Bible College, Dawlish, Devon, England.
Emmerson, Grace I.
M.A., Dip. Or. Lang., Lecturer, Department of Theology, University of Birmingham, England.
Engelhard, David H.
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Eskenazi, Tamara C.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Judaic Studies and Director of the Institute for Interfaith Studies, Center for Judaic Studies, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado.
Estes, David Foster*
M.A., D.D., Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York.
Evans, Morris O.*
D.D., Ph.D., Lecturer on English Bible and Literature, Congregational College, Bangor, North Wales.
Evans, William*
D.D., Ph.D., Bible Teacher, Author, and Lecturer, Pomona, California.
Everts, Janet Meyer
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Graduate studies at Duke University.
Ewing, William*
M.C., M.A., D.D., Minister of Grange United Free Church, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Fagal, Harold E.
Th.B., M.A., M.Div., M.Th., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Associate Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, Loma Linda University, Riverside, California.
Farr, F.K.*
A.M., D.D., Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis, Lane Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Faulkner, John Alfred*
M.A., B.D., LL.D., Professor of Church History, Theological College of Drew University, Madison, New Jersey.
Feinberg, Charles L.
A.B., A.M., Th.B., Th.M., Th.D., Ph.D., Dean Emeritus and Professor of Semitics and Old Testament, Talbot Theological Seminary, La Mirada, California.
Fensham, F. Charles
B.A., B.D., M.A., D.D., Ph.D., Professor of Semitic Languages and Head of Department, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Filson, Floyd V.
B.A., B.D., Th.D., Late Dean and Professor of New Testament Literature and History, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Illinois.
Findlay, Adam Fyfe*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Church History and Christian Ethics, United Free Church College, Aberdeen, Scotland.
Finegan, Jack
B.A., M.A., B.D., M.Th., Oc. theol. (= Ph.D.), Professor of New Testament and Archaeology, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California.
Fisher, Milton C.
B.A., M.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament and President, The Theological Seminary of the Reformed Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Forrester, Eldred John*
B.A., D.D., Head of the Department of the Bible and Lecturer in American History, Mercer University, Macon, Georgia.
Fortune, A. W.*
B.D., M.A., Professor of New Testament, College of the Bible, Lexington, Kentucky.
Foxvog, Daniel A.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Assyriology and Ancient Near Eastern History and Literature, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Frank, Philip A.
B.A., M.A.T.S., M.A., Production Editor, Hendrickson Publishers, Peabody, Massachusetts.
Free, Joseph P.
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of History and Archaeology, Bemidji State College, Bemidji, Minnesota.
Freedman, David Noel
Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Studies and Director of the Program on Studies in Religion, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Freeman, David
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Rhode Island Junior College, Rhode Island.
Frend, W. H. C.
T.D., D.D., F.S.A., Professor of Ecclesiastical History, University of Glasgow, Scotland.
Fritsch, Charles T.
A.B., Th.B., Ph.D., Emeritus Professor of Old Testament Literature, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Fuller, Daniel P.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., D.Th., Professor of Hermeneutics, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Fulton, A. S.*
M.A., M.R.A.S., Assistant Keeper, Department of Oriental Books and Manuscripts, British Museum, London, England.
Gaebelein, Paul W., Jr.
B.A., Ph.D., Ph.D., Adjunct Professor of Semitic Languages, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Garber, Paul Leslie
Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Bible and Religion, Emeritus, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, Georgia.
García, William Henry
B.A., Student, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Garland, David E.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Gasque, W. Ward
B.A., B.D., M.Th., Ph.D., President and Professor of New Testament, New College, Berkeley, California.
Gay, George A.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Senior Associate Professor of New Testament, Fuller Thelological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Geraty, Lawrence T.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Ph.D., President and Professor of Archaeology and History of Antiquity, Atlantic Union College, South Lancaster, Massachusetts.
Gerberding, G. H.*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Practical Theology, Theological Seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Maywood, Illinois.
Gerhardsson, Birger
Th.D., Professor of Exegetical Theology, University of Lund, Sweden.
Gerstner, John H.
B.A., M.Div., M.Th., Ph.D., Professor-at-Large, Ligonier Ministries, Orlando, Florida.
Ghirshman, Roman
Late Member of the Acadeacute;mie des Inscriptiones et Belles-Lettres, Paris, France.
Gibbs, John G.
A.B., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Humanities, Moorhead State University, Moorhead, Minnesota.
Gilchrist, Paul R.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biblical Studies, Covenant College, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee.
Gill, David W.
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Project Director, New College for Advanced Christian Studies, Berkeley, California.
Gillespie, V. Bailey
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Theology and Christian Personality, Loma Linda University, Riverside, California.
Glasser, Arthur
C.E., B.D., S.T.M., Dean Emeritus and Senior Professor of Theology, School of World Missions, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Gloer, W. Hulitt
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament Studies, Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Missouri.
Gold, Victor Roland
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary, Berkeley, California.
Goldstein, Sidney M.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Chief Curator, Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York.
Goodspeed, Edgar J.*
Ph.D., Professor of Biblical and Patristic Greek, Chairman of the New Testament Department, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Gordon, Robert P.
M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Divinity, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England.
Gordon, Victor R.
A.B., M.Div., Ph.D., Chaplain and Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Grant, Alexander C.*
M.A., Missionary of the United Free Church of Scotland, Rajputana, India.
Gray, James M.*
D.D., President, Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, Illinois.
Graybill, John B.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, Department of Bible and Theology, Barrington College, Barrington, Rhode Island.
Green, Norman
B.A., L.Th., Assistant Curator and Head of Administration of McLaughlin Planetarium, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Greenlee, J. Harold
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Missionary of OMS International; Translation Consultant for Wycliffe Bible Translators; Former Professor of Greek New Testament, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Grider, J. Kenneth
A.B., B.D., Th.B., M.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Theology, Nazarene Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Missouri.
Guelich, Robert
B.A., M.A., S.T.B., Th.D., Professor of New Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Guinan, Michael D.
B.A., S.T.B., S.T.L., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Franciscan School of Theology, Berkeley, California.
Gundry, Robert H.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Greek, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, California.
Guthrie, Donald
B.D., M.Th., Ph.D., Vice Principal and Senior New Testament Lecturer, London Bible College, London, England.
Gwinn, Ralph A.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Religion and Philosophy, Tarkio College, Tarkio, Missouri.
Hagner, Donald A.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Hahn, Herrick E.
B.A., M.Div., Pastor of Bell Gardens Christian Church, Bell Gardens, California.
Halperin, David J.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Religion, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Hamilton, Victor P.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Religion, Asbury College, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Hammond, Philip C.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Hanson, K. C.
M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, Episcopal Theological School at Claremont, California.
Harrington, Clyde E.
Ph.D., Former Editor, American Sunday School Union, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Harris, Bruce F.
M.A., B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor of History, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia.
Harris, Murray J.
M.A., Dip.Ed., B.D., Ph.D., Warden, Tyndale House, Cambridge, England.
Harris, R. Laird
Th.B., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Harris, William R.
B.A., M.Div., Freelance Writer and Editor in Biblical Studies, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Harrison, Everett F.
B.A., Th.B., M.A., Ph.D., Th.D., Professor Emeritus of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Harrison, Robert T.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Assistant Professor of History, Biola University, La Mirada, California.
Harrison, Roland K.
B.D., M.Th., Ph.D., D.D., Professor of Old Testament, Wycliffe College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Harry, Joseph Edward*
Ph.D., Professor of Greek, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Hartley, John E.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Chair, Department of Biblical Studies, Professor of Old Testament, Graduate School of Theology, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California.
Harvey, Dorothea W.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Urbana College, Urbana, Ohio.
Hasel, Gerhard F.
M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Theology and Dean, Andrews University Theological Seminary, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Hawk, L. Daniel
B.A., M.Div., Doctoral Student in Old Testament, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
Hawthorne, Gerald F.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Greek, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Hayden, Roy E.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Oral Roberts University, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Heidel, William Arthur*
M.A., Ph.D., Research Professor of Greek Language and Literature, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut.
Helmbold, Andrew K.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Former Professor of Humanities, Tidewater Community College, Portsmouth, Virginia.
Hemer, Colin J.
M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in New Testament Studies, University of Manchester, England.
Henry, Carl F. H.
A.B., M.A., Th.D., Ph.D., Lecturer-at-Large, World Vision International.
Herion, Gary
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Biblical Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Herr, Larry G.
B.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Religion, Canadian Union College, College Heights, Alberta, Canada.
Herzog, John J.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies, Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts.
Hess, Richard S.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Research Fellow, Tyndale House, Cambridge, England.
Hewett, James Allen
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Theology, Oral Roberts University, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Hickcox, Alice
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Doctoral Student in Old Testament, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
Higuchi, Shinpei
M.Div., President and Professor of Old Testament, Tokyo Christian College, Tokyo, Japan.
Hildebrand, David R.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Dean of Academic Affairs, Briercrest Bible College, Caronport, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Hilgert, Earle
B.A., B.D., M.A., D.Th., Professor of New Testament, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Illinois.
Hill, Andrew E.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament Studies, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Hirsch, Frank E.*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., President of Charles City College, Charles City, Iowa.
Hoch, Carl B., Jr.
B.S., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of New Testament, Grand Rapids Baptist Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Hodge, Caspar Wistar*
Ph.D., Charles Hodge Professor of Systematic Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Hoehner, Harold W.
B.A., Th.M., Th.D., Ph.D., Chairman and Professor of New Testament Literature and Exegesis, Dallas Theological Seminary, Dallas, Texas.
Hoekema, Anthony A.
A.B., M.A., Th.B., Th.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, Emeritus, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Hoerth, Alfred Joseph
A.B., A.M., Associate Professor of Archaeology, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Hoffine, James E.
B.A., M.A.B.S., M.A., Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision Project.
Hoffmeier, James K.
A.A., B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Archaeology and Old Testament Studies, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
B.A., M.A., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Hittitology, The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Holwerda, David E.
A.B., B.D., D.Th., Professor of New Testament, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Horsnell, Malcolm J. A.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Hovee, Gene H.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bible and Vice President, Fort Wayne Bible College, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Hovey, Barry E.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Software Support Representative, Sperry Univac, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania.
Hovey, George Rice*
M.A., D.D., Secretary of Education, American Baptist Home Mission Society, New York, New York.
Howard, David M., Jr.
B.S., M.A., A.M., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Hubbard, David A.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., President and Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Hubbard, Robert L., Jr.
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Denver Conservative Baptist Seminary, Denver, Colorado.
Huddlestun, John
B.A., Doctoral Student in History and Culture of Ancient Israel, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Hugenberger, Gordon P.
B.A., M.Div., Adjunct Professor of Old Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Pastor, Lanesville Congregational Church, Gloucester, Massachusetts.
Hughes, John J.
B.A., M.Div., Freelance Editor and Author in Biblical Studies, Whitefish, Montana.
Hughes, Philip C.
B.S., S.D.M., S.T.B., M.S., Ph.D., Vice President, Duro-Test Corporation, North Bergen, New Jersey.
Hughes, Robert J., III
D.V.M., M.Div., Th.M., Professor of Science and Chairman of the Division of General Studies, Fort Wayne Bible College, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Hunt, Leslie
B.A., B.D., M.Th., D.D., Principal Emeritus and Professor of New Testament, Wycliffe College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Hunter, S. F.*
M.A., B.D., Professor of Knox College, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Hurtado, Larry W.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Religion, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Hutchison, John*
M.A., LL.D., Rector of the High School, Glasgow, Scotland.
Irvin, Dorothy
B.A., M.A., D.Theol., Consultant and Lecturer in Scripture and Women’s Studies, Durham, North Carolina.
Isaacs, Ella Davis*
M.A., Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Isaacs, Nathan*
Ph.D., LL.B., S.J.D., Professor of Business Law, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Jacobs, Henry E.*
D.D., LL.D., Norton Professor of Systematic Theology, Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Jamme, Albert
S.S.L., S.T.D., D.O.R., Research Professor of Semitics, The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.
Jefford, Clayton N.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., M.A., Assistant Director, Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, The Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.
Jewett, Paul K.
B.A., Th.B., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Johnson, Marshall D.
B.A., Th.B., Th.D., Professor of Religion, Wartburg College, Waverly, Iowa.
Johnson, Thomas F.
B.Ph., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, North American Baptist Seminary, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Johnston, Eleanor B.
B.A., M.A., Assistant to the President, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.
Johnston, Robert H.
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Dean and Professor, College of Fine and Applied Arts, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York.
Jordan, Gregory D.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, King College, Bristol, Tennessee.
Joy, Alfred H.*
Ph. B., M.A., F.R.A.S., Astronomer and Secretary of the Mount Wilson Observatory, Pasadena, California.
Judge, Edwin A.
M.A., Professor of History, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia.
Jung, Kurt Gerhard
Th.D., U.S. Army Chaplain, Berlin, Germany.
Kaiser, Lewis*
Th.M., D.D., Professor of Old Testament and Life of Christ, German Department, Colgate-Rochester Divinity School, Rochester, New York.
Kaiser, Walter C., Jr.
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Department Chairman and Professor of Semitic Languages and Old Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
Kapp, Jacob W.*
M.A., D.D., General Secretary, The Brotherhood of the United Lutheran Church in America.
Kautz, James R., III
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Planning Analyst, Division of Policy, Planning and Evaluation, Department of Health and Human Resources, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Kelly, David J.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Minister, Aldersgate and Lefler United Methodist Churches, South Omaha Parish, Omaha, Nebraska.
Kelly, Robert A.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology, Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
Kelm, George L.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Backgrounds and Archaeology, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas.
Kenyon, Kathleen M.
M.A., D.Litt., L.H.D., Late Principal of St. Hugh’s College, Oxford, England.
Keown, Gerald L.
B.S., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Kerr, Colin M.*
B.Sc., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Political Philosophy in Scottish Churches College, Calcutta, India.
Kilmer, Anne D.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor of Assyriology and Ancient Near Eastern History and Literature, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Kinsella, Arthur James*
M.A., Instructor in Greek, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Kitchen, Kenneth A.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor of Egyptian and Coptic, School of Archaeology and Oriental Studies, University of Liverpool, England.
Klein, Ralph W.
M.Div., Th.D., Christ Seminary-Seminex Professor of Old Testament, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Klooster, Fred H.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Knapp, Gary L.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision.
Knight, George A. F.
M.A., B.D., D.D., Retired Principal of Pacific Theological College, Suva, Fiji.
Knutson, F. Brent
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Philosophy and Religion, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas.
Kroeger, Catherine Clark
A.B., M.A., Co-Director, North Central Center for Christian Studies, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Kroeger, Richard Clark
B.A., M.Div., S.T.M., Co-Director, North Central Center for Christian Studies, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Kroeze, George
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Studies, Reformed Bible College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Kyle, Melvin Grove*
D.D., LL.D., President and Newburgh Professor of Biblical Theology and Biblical Archaeology, Xenia Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Laarman, Edward
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Minister of Education and Witnessing, Calvin Christian Reformed Church, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Ladd, George Eldon
Th.B., B.D., Ph.D., Senior Professor of New Testament Theology and Exegesis, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Lambert, J. C.*
B.D., D.D., Minister of the United Free Church of Scotland, Braeheads, Fenwick, Scotland.
Lane, William L.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Religion, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky.
LaSor, William Sanford
A.B., A.M., Th.B., Th.M., Ph.D., Th.D., Senior Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Lay, Harold W.
B.A., M.Div., Pastor, English Neighborhood Reformed Church, Ridgefield, New Jersey.
Lee, Gary A.
B.A., M.T.S., Editor, Reference Books, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
Lees, John A.*
Pastor, St. James’ Congregational Church, Hamilton, Scotland.
Levenson, David B.
M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Religion, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida.
Levertoff, Paul*
B.D., Professor of Old Testament and Talmudic Literature, Institutum Delitzschianum, Leipzig, Germany.
Lewis, Arthur H.
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Lewis, Thomas*
B.D., M.A., Principal of Memorial College (Congregational), Brecon, South Wales.
Libolt, Clayton G.
A.B., B.D., M.A., Graduate Studies in Old Testament at University of Michigan.
Liefeld, Walter L.
Th.B., A.M., Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
Lindsay, James*
B.Sc., M.A., D.D., F.R.S.L., F.R.S.E., F.G.S., M.R.A.S., Theological and Philosophic Author.
Lindsay, Thomas M.*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., Principal and Professor of Church History, United Free Church College, Glasgow, Scotland.
Linton, Calvin D.
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of English and Dean, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
Littmann, Enno*
Ph.D., Professor of Semitic Philology, University of Göttingen, Germany.
Liverani, Mario
Professor of Ancient Oriental History, University of Rome, Italy.
Longenecker, Richard N.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Ramsay Armitage Professor of New Testament, Wycliffe College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Lotz, Wilhelm*
D.Th., Ph.D., Professor of Theology, University of Erlangen, Germany.
Lown, John S.
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Languages and Literature and Director of Graduate Studies and Continuing Education in Religion, Point Loma College, San Diego, California.
Luering, Heinrich Ludwig Emil*
Ph.D., Professor of Dogmatic Theology and New Testament Greek, Martin Theological Seminary of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.
Möller, Wilhelm*
Pastor Licentiat der Theologie, Wittenberg, Germany.
Maahs, Kenneth H.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Eastern College, Saint Davids, Pennsylvania.
Mabee, Charles
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Religion, Radford University, Radford, Virginia.
Macalister, Alexander*
M.D., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., F.S.A., Professor of Anatomy, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England.
MacDonald, Burton
B.A., M.Th., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Theology, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Mack, Edward*
Ph.D., D.D., LL.D., McCormick Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia.
MacLeod, Murdo A.
M.A., Director and General Secretary, Christian Witness to Israel, Chislehurst, Kent, England.
Madvig, Donald H.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Malony, H. Newton
A.B., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Mare, W. Harold
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Margolis, Max L.*
Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Philology, Dropsie College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Marshall, I. Howard
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament Exegesis, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.
Martin, Brice L.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Pastor, Bedford Park Chapel, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Martin, Ralph P.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Director of the Graduate Studies Program, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Mast, Edwin S.
A.B., M.Div., Principal, Fountain Hills Christian Academy, and Pastor, Fountain Hills Community Church, Fountain Hills, Arizona.
Masterman, Ernest W. G.*
M.D., F.R.C.S., F.R.G.S., Honorary Secretary of the Palestine Exploration Fund, London, England.
Matthews, Victor H.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri.
Maunder, E. Walter*
F.R.A.S., Superintendent of the Solar Department of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London, England.
McAllister, J. Gray*
B.A., D.D., Professor of Biblical Introduction, English Bible, and Biblical Theology, Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
McCaig, Archibald*
B.A., LL.B., LL.D., Principal Emeritus and Theological Tutor, Spurgeon’s College, London, England.
McCann, J. Clinton, Jr.
A.B., D.Min., Th.M., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Eden Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
McCarter, P. Kyle, Jr.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., William Foxwell Albright Professor of Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
McComiskey, Thomas Edward
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
McCready, Wayne O.
B.A., M.Rel., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Religious Studies, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
McDonald, Lee M.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Senior Pastor, First Baptist Church, Santa Clara, California; Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary Extension.
McFall, Leslie
B.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Old Testament and Hebrew Language, Belfast Bible College, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
McGlothin, William Joseph*
M.A., D.D., Ph.D., LL.D., President of Furman University, Greenville, South Carolina.
McIntosh, Duncan,
B.Mus., B.D., Th.M., Pastor of Geneva Road Baptist Church, Wheaton, Illinois and Adjunct Professor of Mission, Northern Baptist Theological Seminary, Lombard, Illinois.
McKenna, John E.
A.B., M.Div., Ph.D., Adjunct Professor of Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
McKim, Donald K.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Theology, University of Dubuque Theological Seminary, Dubuque, Iowa.
McReynolds, Paul R.
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Greek and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Pacific Christian College, Fullerton, California.
Meye, Robert P.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., D.Th., Dean and Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Meyer, Marvin W.
A.B., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Religion, Chapman College, Orange, California.
Michaels, J. Ramsey
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Religious Studies, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri.
Mickelsen, A. Berkeley
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minneesota.
Millar, James*
B.D., Minister of Church of Scotland, New Cumnock, Ayrshire, Scotland.
Millard, Alan Ralph
M.A., M.Phil., F.S.A., Rankin Senior Lecturer in Hebrew and Ancient Semitic Languages, University of Liverpool, England.
Miller, Donald G.
B.A., S.T.B., S.T.M., M.A., Ph.D., Formerly Professor of New Testament, Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia and President of Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Miller, Patrick D., Jr.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Miller, Russell Benjamin*
M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio.
Mitchell, Terence C.
M.A., Deputy Keeper, Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities, British Museum, London, England.
Möller, Wilhelm*
Pastor Licentiat der Theologie, Wittenberg, Germany.
Montgomery, Gerald E.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Assistant Professor of Greek, Biola College, La Mirada, California.
Montgomery, John Warwick
B.A., B.D., B.L.S., LL.B., M.A., Th.M., M.Phil., Ph.D., D. Théol., Barrister at Law, Dean and Professor of Jurisprudence, The Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Anaheim, California and Strasbourg, France.
Morgan, Donn F.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Church Divinity School of the Pacific, Berkeley, California.
Morris, Leon
B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Th., Ph.D., Principal of Ridley College, Melbourne, Australia.
Morro, William Charles*
B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Chair of New Testament, Brite College of the Bible, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas.
Mosiman, Samuel K.*
Ph.D., Litt.D., President of Bluffton College, Bluffton, Ohio.
Moulder, William J.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bible, Trinity College, Deerfield, Illinois.
Mounce, Robert H.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., President, Whitworth College, Spokane, Washington.
Mounce, William D.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California.
Moyer, James C.
A.B., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Professor and Head of the Department of Religious Studies, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri.
Muller, Richard A.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Historical Theology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Mullins, E. Y.*
D.D., LL.D., President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Murray, John
M.A., Th.B., Th.M., Late Professor of Systematic Theology, Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Myers, Allen C.
B.A., M.Div., Editor, Reference Books, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
Neusner, Jacob
A.B., M.H.L., Ph.D., University Professor and Ungerleider Distinguished Scholar of Judaic Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Nicol, Thomas*
D.D., Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.
Niles, Daniel Preman
Ph.D., Christian Conference of Asia, Singapore.
Norman, James Garth Gifford
B.D., M.Th., Pastor of Rosyth Baptist Church, Fife, Scotland.
North, Robert
B.A., M.A., S.S.D., Editor, Elenchus Bibliographicus Biblicus; Professor of Archeology, Pontificio Istituto Biblico, Rome, Italy.
Nuelsen, John L.*
D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Methodist Episcopal Church, Kilchberg bei Zürich, Switzerland.
Oko, Adolph S.*
Librarian, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Olivier, J. P. J.
Th.M., D.Litt., Associate Professor of Old Testament, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Omanson, Roger L.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Opperwall, Nola J.
A.B., M.Div., Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision Project.
Opperwall, Raymond
B.A., Th.B., Minister of Olentangy Christian Reformed Church, Columbus, Ohio.
Opperwall-Galluch, Nola J.
A.B., M.Div., Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision.
Orr, James*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Apologetics and Theology, Theological College of United Free Church, Glasgow, Scotland.
Osborne, Grant R.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois.
Oswalt, John N.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biblical Languages and Literature, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Paas, Patrick F.
B.R.E., M.Div., Student, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Packer, James I.
M.A., D.Phil., Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Palmer, Edwin H.
B.A., Th.B., Th.D., Late Executive Secretary, NIV Committee on Bible Translation; General Editor, NIV Study Bible.
Patch, James A.*
B.S., Professor of Chemistry, American University of Beirut.
Patten, B. Rebecca
B.S., B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Academic Dean, Patten College, Oakland, California.
Patten, Priscilla Carla
B.S., B.A., M.A., Ph.D., President and Professor of New Testament, Patten College, Oakland, California.
Payne, David F.
B.A., M.A., Senior Lecturer and Head of the Department of Semitic Studies, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Payne, J. Barton
B.A., B.D., M.A., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor and Chairman of Department of Old Testament, Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Pecota, Daniel B.
B.A., M.Div., Th.M., D.Min., Professor of Greek and Theology, Northwest College, Kirkland, Washington.
Perkin, Hazel W.
B.A., M.A., Principal, St. Clement’s School, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Perlman, Alice L.
B.A., Ph.D., Former Assistant Editor, Scholars Press, Chico, California.
Pfeiffer, Charles F.
B.A., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D., Late Professor of Ancient Literature, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan.
Piccirillo, Michele
S.Th.L., S.S.L., Dottore in Lettere e Filosophia, Professor of Biblical Geography and History, Director of the Archaeological Museum, Franciscan Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.
Pierce, Ronald W.
M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biblical Studies and Theology, Biola University, La Mirada, California.
Pinches, Charles
B.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, Arkansas.
Pinches, Theophilus Goldridge*
LL.D., M.R.A.S., Lecturer in Assyrian, University College, London; Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, British Museum, London, England.
Pinnock, Clark H.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Piper, Otto A.
Ph.D., Late Professor of New Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Pittman, Samuel C.
B.A., B.D., M.A., D.Min., Associate Professor of Missions and Bible, Northwestern College, Roseville, Minnesota.
Plantinga, Cornelius, Jr.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Pollard, Edward Bagby*
M.A., D.D., Ph.D., Professor of Homiletics, Crozer Theological Seminary, Chester, Pennsylvania.
Porter H.*
Ph.D., Professor of History and Psychology, American University of Beirut, Lebanon.
Pratico, Gary D.
B.A., M.Div., Th.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, Massachusetts; Assistant Curator of the Semitic Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Pratt, Dwight Mallory*
M.A., D.D., Minister, Walnut Hills Congregational Church, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Pratt, Richard L., Jr.
B.A., M.Div., Th.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Reformed Theological Seminary, Jackson, Mississippi.
Prewitt, J. Franklin
B.A., B.Th., D.D., Professor of Bible and History, Western Baptist Bible College, Salem, Oregon.
Price, James R.
A.B., M.Div., A.M., Late Pastor, Faith United Methodist Church, Joliet, Illinois.
Provence, Thomas E.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Co-Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, Lafayette, Louisiana.
Raffety, William Edward*
B.D., M.A., Ph.D., D.D., Professor of Religious Education, University of Redlands, Redlands, California.
Rainey, Anson F.
B.A., M.A., B.D., M.Th., Ph.D., Professor of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures and Semitic Languages, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Ramm, Bernard
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology, American Baptist Seminary of the West, Covina, California.
Ramsay, William M.*
D.D., Litt.D., D.C.L., LL.D., New Testament Scholar and Archeologist.
Rasmussen, Carl
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Redditt, Paul L.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Chairman of the Department of Religion and Professor of Old Testament, Georgetown College, Georgetown, Kentucky.
Rees, Thomas*
M.A., Ph.D., Principal and Professor of Theology, Independent College (Congregational), Bangor, North Wales.
Reeve, James Josiah*
B.A., B.D., Th.D., Professor of Hebrew and Cognate Languages and Old Testament Theology, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas.
Reicke, Bo
D.Th., Professor Emeritus of New Testament, University of Basel, Switzerland.
Reid, W. Stanford
B.A., M.A., Th.B., Th.M., Th.D., Emeritus Professor of History, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Renwick, A. M.
M.A., B.D., D.Litt., D.D., Late Professor of Church History, Free Church of Scotland College, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Renwick, A. M.
M.A., B.D., D.L.H., D.D., Late Professor of Church History, Free Church of Scotland College, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Rible, Robert L.
S.T.B., M.A., Former Vicar, St. George’s Episcopal Church, Riverside, California and Episcopal Chaplain, University of California at Riverside.
Ridderbos, Herman N.
D.D., Professor Emeritus of New Testament Theology, Theological Seminary of the Reformed Churches, Kampen, the Netherlands.
Ridderbos, Nicholas H.
D.D., Late Professor of Old Testament, The Free University, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Rienstra, Marchienne V.
B.A., M.A., Pastor, Port Sheldon Presbyterian Church, Port Sheldon, Michigan.
Rife, J. Merle
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Former Professor of Classical Languages and Bible, Muskingum College, New Concord, Ohio.
Robeck, Cecil M., Jr.
B.S., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Church History and Assistant Dean for Academic Programs, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Roberts, David Francis*
B.A., B.D., Minister, Fitzclarence Street Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool, England.
Robertson, A. T.*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., Litt.D., Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Robertson, James*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Hebrew and Semitic Languages, University of Glasgow, Scotland.
Robinson, D. W. B.
B.A., M.A., Bishop in Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia and Lecturer in New Testament, Moore Theological College and the Divinity School, University of Sydney, Australia.
Robinson, George L.*
M.A., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Biblical Literature and English Bible, Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Chicago, Illinois.
Robinson, William Childs
A.B., M.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor Emeritus, Columbia Theological Seminary, Decatur, Georgia.
Running, Leona Glidden
M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Languages, Andrews University Theological Seminary, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Rutherfurd, John*
B.D., M.A., Minister, Moorpark United Free Church, Renfrew, Scotland.
Saarisalo, Aapeli A.
Th.D., Professor Emeritus of Oriental Literature, Helsinki University, Finland.
Saller, Sylvester
Sacrae Theologiae Lector, Late Professor of Archaeology, Franciscan Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.
Sampey, John Richard*
B.A., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Sanderson, Judith E.
B.A., Zertifikat und Diplom, M.Div., M.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Sayce, Archibald Henry*
D.D., Litt.D., LL.D., Professor of Assyriology, University of Oxford, England.
Scalise, Pamela J.
B.A., M.A.T.S., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Scharlemann, Martin H.
M.Div., Ph.D., Th.D., Late Graduate Professor of Exegetical Theology, Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Schenk, Charles E.*
D.D., President, Cincinnati Missionary Training School, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Schley, Donald G.
B.A., M.T.S., Ph.D., Instructor in Western History, Dekalb College, Clarkston, Georgia.
Schneider, Dale A.
B.A., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D., Homemaker; Proprietor, Schneider Werke, Deep River, Connecticut.
Schoonhoven, Calvin R.
B.A., B.D., D.Th., Director of McAlister Library and Associate Professor of Biblical Interpretation, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Schoville, Keith N.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Hebrew and Semitic Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
Schreckenberg, Heinz
Ph.D., Lecturer, University of Münster, West Germany.
Schreiner, Thomas R.
B.S., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of New Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Schultz, Samuel J.
A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Th.D., Emeritus Professor of Biblical Studies and Theology, Wheaton College and Graduate School, Wheaton, Illinois.
Scott, Julius J., Jr.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical and Historical Studies, Wheaton College Graduate School, Wheaton, Illinois.
Seale, Morris S.
B.A., Ph.D., D.D., Former Professor, Near East School of Theology, Beirut, Lebanon.
Segert, Stanislav
Ph.Dr., C.Sc., Professor of Biblical Studies and Northwest Semitics, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
Shea, William H.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor and Chairman, Department of Old Testament, Andrews University Theological Seminary, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Shell, William A.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, Reformed Bible College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Sheppard, Gerald T.
B.S., M.Div., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Emmanuel College of Victoria University in the University of Toronto, Canada.
Sheriffs, Robert J. A.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Former Lecturer in Old Testament, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, Cape Province, South Africa.
Sherwin-White, A. N.
M.A., Reader in Ancient History (Retired), Oxford University; Fellow and Tutor in Ancient History, St. John’s College, Oxford, England.
Simpson, John W., Jr.
B.A., M.A., Editorial Asssociate, Reference Works, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
Sitterly, Charles Fremont*
M.A., Ph.D., S.T.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Drew University College of Theology, Madison, New Jersey.
Smalley, Stephen S.
M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Canon Residentiary and Precentor, Coventry Cathedral, Coventry, England.
Smedes, Lewis B.
A.B., B.D., Th.D., Professor of Theology and Ethics, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Smick, Elmer B.
B.A., Th.B., S.T.M., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, Massachusetts.
Smith, Duane E.
B.S.E.E., M.A., M.Th., Biblical Scholar and Lecturer, Pomona, California.
Smith, Edgar W., Jr.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Project Editor, ISBE Revision.
Smith, Gary V.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Smith, Robert Houston
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Fox Professor of Religion and Chairman, Department of Religious Studies, The College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio.
Smith, Wilbur M.
D.D., D.Litt., Late Professor of English Bible, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Soderlund, Sven K.
B.A., M.A., M.C.S., Ph.D., Registrar and Associate Professor of Biblical Studies, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Soggin, J. Alberto
S.T.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Waldensian School of Theology, Rome, Italy and Senior Lecturer of Hebrew Language and Literature, Institute for Near Eastern Studies, University of Rome, Italy.
Sparks, Irving Alan
A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D., Professor and Chairperson, Department of Religious Studies, San Diego State University, San Diego, California.
Spina, Frank A.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, The School of Religion, Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, Washington.
Spittler, Russell P.
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Stalker, James*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Church History, United Free Church College, Aberdeen, Scotland.
Stearns, Wallace Nelson*
B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical History and Literature, Fargo College, Fargo, North Dakota.
Steele, Francis R.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Minister-at-Large, North African Mission, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.
Stein, Robert H.
B.A., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Stek, John H.
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Stewart, Roy A.
M.A., B.D., M.Litt., Retired Minister and Biblical Scholar, Church of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Strange, James F.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Religious Studies and Dean of the College of Arts and Letters, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.
Stratton-Porter, Gene*
Author and Illustrator; Special Writer on Birds and Nature.
Stuart, Douglas K.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, Massachusetts.
Stuart, Streeter S., Jr.
B.S., M.Div., M.A., S.T.M., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Studies, United Wesleyan College, Allentown, Pennsylvania.
Sun, Henry T. C.
B.A., M.A., M.A., Doctoral Candidate in Old Testament, The Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California.
Sundsmo, Allen
B.A., M.A., Bookstore Manager, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Sweet, Louis Matthews*
M.A., S.T.D., Ph.D., Professor of Christian Theology and Apologetics, The Biblical Seminary, New York, New York.
Sweet, Ronald F. G.
B.A., Ph.D., Professor, Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Tappeiner, Daniel A.
B.S., B.D., Ph.D., President and Associate Professor of Theology, Center for Theological Studies, Newport Beach, California.
Tenney, Merrill C.
Th.B., A.M., Ph.D., Late Professor of New Testament and Dean, Graduate School of Theology, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois.
Terian, Abraham
B.A., M.A., Associate Professor of Intertestamental and Early Christian Literatures, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Thiele, E. R.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Late Professor of Antiquities, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Thomas, William Henry Griffith*
A.M., D.D., Professor of Old Testament Literature and Exegesis, Wycliffe College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Thompson, James W.
B.A., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Instructor of Biblical Studies, University of Texas, Austin, Texas.
Thompson, John Alexander
A.B., M.Div., Th.M., Ph.D., Research Consultant, Translations Department, American Bible Society, Princeton, New Jersey.
Thompson, John Arthur
B.A., B.Ed., M.Sc., M.A., Ph.D., B.D., Chairman and Senior Lecturer, Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Melbourne, Australia.
Thompson, Winfield L., Jr.
M.A., M.A., Adjunct Faculty, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Thomson, Charles H.*
M.A., United Free Church of Scotland Missionary to the Jews at Constantinople.
Thomson, J. E. H.*
M.A., D.D., Missionary to the Jews in Palestine.
Tiffany, Frederick C.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Earlham School of Religion, Richmond, Indiana.
Tippett, Alan R.
L.Th., M.A., Ph.D., Research Fellow, St. Mark’s Library, Canberra, Australia.
Tod, Marcus Niebuhr*
M.A., O.B.E., Fellow, Tutor, and Librarian of Oriel College, Oxford and University Reader in Greek Epigraphy, Oxford, England.
Togtman, Raymond C.
A.B., Former Editorial Assistant, ISBE Revision Project.
Trever, George Henry*
M.A., D.D., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament Exegesis and Christian Doctrine, Gammon Theological Seminary, Atlanta, Georgia.
Trever, John C.
B.D., Ph.D., Director, Dead Sea Scrolls Project, School of Theology at Claremont, Claremont, California.
Turner, George A.
B.D., S.T.B., S.T.M., D.Litt., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Unger, Merrill F.
A.B., Th.M., Th.D., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Old Testament, Dallas Theological Seminary, Dallas, Texas.
Urquhart, John*
Minister, Author, Editor, Member of the Victoria Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
Van Alstine, George A.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Pastor of Altadena Baptist Church, Altadena, California.
Van Broekhoven, Harold, Jr.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., Th.M., Pastor, Tabernacle Baptist Church, Hope, Rhode Island; Faculty, Biblical Studies, Barrington College, Barrington, Rhode Island.
Van Dam, Cornelis
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Old Testament, Theological College of the Canadian Reformed Churches, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Van Leeuwen, Raymond C.
A.B., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Old Testament, Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Van Pelt, J. R.*
B.A., S.T.B., Ph.D., Professor of Systematic Theology and Homiletics, Gammon Theological Seminary, Atlanta, Georgia.
Van Selms, Adrianus
D.Th., Emeritus Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
VanElderen, Bastiaan
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Theology, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
VanGemeren, Willem A.
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Reformed Theological Seminary, Jackson, Mississippi.
Verhey, Allen D.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Hope College, Holland, Michigan.
Viviano, Pauline
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Theology, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois.
Vogel, Eleanor K.
B.A., M.Ed., Former Archeological Assistant to Nelson Glueck, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Vööbus, Arthur
M.A., D.Theol., Director of the Institute for Syriac Manuscript Studies and Professor Emeritus of Church History, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Vos, Clarence J.
A.B., Th.B., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Religion and Theology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Vos, Geerhardus*
D.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey.
Vos, Howard F.
B.A., Th.M., Th.D., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of History and Archaeology, The King’s College, Briarcliff Manor, New York.
Vriend, John
B.Th., M.A., Freelance Religious Writer and Translator, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Vunderink, Ralph W.
A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Former Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision Project.
Waite, J. C. J.
B.D., Principal of South Wales Bible College, South Wales.
Walhout, Edwin
Th.B., Th.M., D.Min., Minister, Christian Reformed Church; Freelance Writer, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Walker, W. L.*
D.D., Congregational Minister, Glasgow, Scotland.
Wallace, David H.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Retired Professor of Biblical Theology, Newport Beach, California.
Wallace, Henry*
Pastor, Parkhead Congregational Church, Glasgow, Scotland.
Wallace, Ronald Stewart
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Biblical Theology, Columbia Theological Seminary, Decatur, Georgia.
Walls, Andrew F.
M.A, B.Litt., Professor of Religious Studies, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.
Walters, Stanley D.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament Languages and Literature, Knox College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Waltke, Bruce K.
A.B., Th.M., Th.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Walton, John H.
A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Bible, Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, Illinois.
Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge*
D.D., LL.D., Litt.D., Professor of Didactic and Polemic Theology, Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., Princeton, New Jersey.
Waring, Dawn E.
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Adjunct Assistant Professor of Old Testament, American Baptist Seminary of the West, Southwest Branch, Covina, and Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Watson, D. M.
B.A., M. Div., Pastor, Aalen, West Germany.
Watson, Duane F.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Pastor, Tri-Church Parish United Methodist Church, North Western, New York.
Watts, John D. W.
B.A., Th.M., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Way, R. J.
M.A., M.A., Minister, St. Columba’s United Reformed Church, Leeds, England.
Wead, David W.
A.B., B.Th., B.D., Th.D., Minister, First Christian Church, Nashville, Tennessee.
Webb, Robert Alexander*
B.A., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Apologetics and Systematic Theology, Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky.
Webster, John Hunter*
M.A., D.D., Professor of Greek Exegesis and New Testament Literature, Xenia Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Weddle, Forest
A.B., M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Archaeology and Geography, Fort Wayne Bible College, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Weir, Thomas Hunter*
B.D., M.A., M.R.A.S., Lecturer in Arabic, University of Glasgow, Scotland.
Welch, E. Douglas
B.S., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Scholar in Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies.
Wenham, Gordon J.
M.A., Ph.D., Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies, The College of Saint Paul and Saint Mary, Cheltenham, Gloucester, England.
Wessel, Walter W.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of New Testament and Chairman of the Department of Biblical and Theological Studies, Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Westerholm, Stephen
M.A., D.Th., Assistant Professor of Religious Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Whaley, E. Boyd
B.A., M.Div., Doctoral Student in Old Testament at Emory University; Director of Pastoral Services, Metro Atlanta Recovery Residences, Clarkston, Georgia.
Whedbee, J. William
B.A., B.D., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Religion, Pomona College, Claremont, California.
Whitcomb, John C., Jr.
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Professor of Theology and Old Testament and Director of Postgraduate Studies, Grace Theological Seminary, Winona Lake, Indiana.
White, George Edward*
M.A., D.D., President of Anatolia College, Salonica, Greece.
Whitelaw, Thomas*
M.A., D.D., Minister of King Street United Free Church, Kilmarnock, Scotland.
Wieand, David John
A.B., M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Literature, Bethany Theological Seminary, Oak Brook, Illinois.
Wiebe, John M.
B.A., M.Div., Adjunct Professor, American Baptist Seminary of the West, Covina; Teaching Fellow, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California.
Wiener, Harold M.*
M.A., LL.B., Barrister at Law, Jerusalem.
Williams, Charles B.*
M.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Greek and Ethics, Union University, Jackson, Tennessee.
Williams, William C.
B.A., M.A., M.A.Rel., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament, Southern California College, Costa Mesa, California.
Williamson, H. G. M.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England.
Willis, Lloyd
B.A., M.A., Assistant Professor of Religion, Spicer Memorial College, Pune, India.
Wilson, Gerald H.
B.A., M.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biblical Studies, George Fox College, Newberg, Oregon.
Wilson, J. Macartney*
D.D., Minister of Greyfriars Presbyterian Church, Port of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies.
Wilson, Marvin R.
B.A., M.Div., M.A., Ph.D., Ockenga Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies, Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts.
Wilson, R. McL.
M.A., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., F.B.A., Emeritus Professor of Biblical Criticism, St. Mary’s College, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Wilson, Robert Dick*
M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Semitic Philology and Old Testament Introduction, Princeton, New Jersey.
Wiseman, Donald J.
O.B.E., M.A., D.Lit., F.B.A., F.S.A., Professor of Assyriology, University of London. England.
Wolf, Herbert M.
B.A., Th.M., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Old Testament, Wheaton Graduate School, Wheaton, Illinois.
Wolf, Horace J.*
B.H.L., M.A., Associate Rabbi of Berith Kodish Congregation, Rochester, New York.
Wolff, Robert J.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biology, Trinity Christian College, Palos Heights, Illinois.
Wood, Arthur Skevington
B.A., Ph.D., Principal of Cliff College, Derbyshire, England.
Woudstra, Sierd
A.B., B.D., Th.M., Th.D., Associate Professor of Religion and Theology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Wright, Christopher J. H.
M.A., Ph.D., Tutor and Lecturer in Old Testament, All Nations Christian College, Ware, England.
Wright, G. Ernest
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Late Professor of Divinity, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Wright, George Frederick*
M.A., D.D., LL.D., F.G.S.A., Professor, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio.
Wright, J. Stafford
M.A., Former Principal of Tyndale Hall, Bristol and Canon Emeritus of Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England,
Wyatt, Robert J.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Former Editorial Associate, ISBE Revision Project; Instructor in Biblical Studies, Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Wyper, Glenn
B.A., B.D., Th.M., Registrar and Chairman of the Department of Biblical Studies, Ontario Bible College, Willowdale, Ontario, Canada.
Yamauchi, Edwin M.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of History, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Young, Bradford H.
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in Early Christianity and Judaism, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
Young, Frederick E.
A.B., B.D., Ph.D., Dean and Professor of Old Testament, Central Baptist Theological Seminary, Kansas City, Kansas.
Youngblood, Ronald F.
B.A., B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew, Bethel Theological Seminary, West Campus, San Diego, California.
Zorn, Walter D.
B.A., M.Div., Ph.D., Professor of Biblical Languages and Old Testament, Great Lakes Bible College, Lansing, Michigan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The religious bodies of America Frederick Emanuel Mayer, Arthur Carl Piepkorn - 1961 "5 The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia was published under the general editorship of James Orr (Chicago: Howard-Severance Co., 1915) to counteract the impact of higher criticism."
  2. ^ Stephen Motyer, Book Reviews - The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (PDF)

External links[edit]