JCB Fastrac

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This article is about the tractor. For other uses, see Fastrac.
A Fastrac 8250

The Fastrac is a high speed agricultural tractor series manufactured by JCB Landpower, part of the J. C. Bamford group of companies.

Production began in 1991, with continual development to the present day. Generally the maximum speed of most models is 65 km/h (40 mph) but other speeds both slower (40 km/h) and faster (80 km/h) are produced.

Engine[edit]

All models have six cylinder diesel engines. Initially supplied by Perkins Engines, the current suppliers are Cummins and AGCO SISU Power.

Gearbox[edit]

Three different gearboxes have been fitted to the Fastrac in production.

  • The first type has evolved over several years.
  1. On introduction of the Fastrac this style of gearbox had 18 forward gears (6x3) and 6 reverse (6x1). This were organised as 6 manual gears in each of 3 ranges (Low, Medium and High). The range box also selected reverse giving 6 reverse gears with speeds similar to medium in forwards. All gear changes were made with the use of a dry clutch.
  2. This gearbox then had a 2 speed powershift section added after the dry clutch and before the 6 speed gearbox. This resulted in 36 forward gears (2x6x3) and 12 reverse (2x6x1).
  3. Following this the 2 speed powershift section was changed to 3 speed version. Giving 54 forward gears (3x6x3) and 18 reverse gears (3x6x1)
  4. The latest version of this gearbox a wet clutch replaced the dry clutch still with 54 forward and 18 reverse gears.
  • The second type fitted only to 8250, 8280 and 8310 Fastrac models features a CVT (IVT) hydrostatic power-split gearbox which is one of the most advanced tractor gearboxes available.[citation needed]
  • The third type developed most recently and fitted to 7000series and 3000 Xtra machines has a wet master clutch, a six speed powershift section and a four speed range box. As reverse is at the front of the powershift section the reverse gears are spread throughout the speed range. This arrangement gives 24 forward gears (2x3x4) and 12 reverse gears (1x3x4). Note that the top three reverse gears are not available for use.

Four wheel drive[edit]

All models are selectable four-wheel drive. The rear axle is driven as standard and drive to the front axle selected by the driver, through a hydraulically controlled clutch. This clutch is sprung on to give four wheel drive and hydraulically disengaged to give two wheel drive.

Axles[edit]

Most Fastrac axles have central a differential and epicyclic gearing reduction units built into the hub ends, where the wheel bolts.

The 7000 Series rear axle has a central differential and has in-board epicyclic gearing reduction units.

Axle locking differentials[edit]

A standard locking differential is provided in the rear axle of all machines.

100, 1000 and 2000 Series machines have a Detroit No-Spin style differential lock in front axle.

3000, 7000 and 8000 Series machines have a driver controlled clutch pack engaged locking differential.

PTO[edit]

A two speed power take-off (PTO) is standard at the rear and a factory option at the front. Depending on the model either speeds of 1000/540 or 1000/750 are available.

Suspension[edit]

Multi link suspension (suspension) is fitted between the chassis and both the front and rear beam axles.

The front suspension uses four links, a panhard rod and anti-roll bar.

The rear suspension uses two lower link and a V-link on top plus an anti-roll bar.

Hydropneumatic suspension is used on the rear of all models and also on the front of the 7000 series Fastrac. This is very similar to used on some Citroen cars.

Front axle steering[edit]

1000 and 2000 Series Machines

These Fastrac machines have hydrostatic steering similar to most agricultural tractors with only a hydraulic link between the steering wheels and the front wheels. This limits the maximum speed of these models to 50 km/h (31 mph), except now in Germany where 60 km/h (37 mph) is allowed.

100, 3000, 7000 and 8000 Series Machines

These machines have mechanical power steering similar to a large truck. This system gives a mechanical link between the steering wheel and the front wheels. Generally these machines have had a maximum speed of 65 km/h (40 mph) except some 100 and 3000 series machines having a maximum speed of 75 km/h (47 mph).

An automatic GPS controlled steering system using a (Differential Global Positioning System) is available for the 3000, 7000 and 8000 series machines.

Rear axle steering[edit]

Rear wheel steering (four wheel steering) is available as an option on 2000 series machines. The electronic system has 5 modes of operation, and only allows four wheel steering below 20 km/h (12 mph).

  • Two Wheel Steer
  • Proportional
  • True Track
  • Delay Mode
  • Crab Steer

Brakes[edit]

All models are fitted with large diameter external disc brakes at both front and rear individually on each wheel. An anti-lock braking (ABS) system is fitted on some models, depending on the maximum vehicle speed and legal requirements.

Auxiliary hydraulics[edit]

An auxiliary hydraulic system (hydraulic drive system) is standard on all machine it is used to control the front and rear linkages and through quick connectors at the front and rear of the tractor to control and power implements.

Three-point hitch[edit]

A three-point hitch is standard at the rear of the machine and on option on front.

Rear trailer hitch[edit]

There are several types available depending on the country the machine is built for.

Cab[edit]

Traditionally the cab has been centrally mounted. More recently designed models, the 7000 series and latter 8250, have the cab mounted at the rear of the tractor. All cabs have a full size passenger seat and is lower than the driver's seat which is on air.[clarification needed]

Models produced[edit]

JCB 7230
Fastrac 8310 with a muck spreader

This is not intended to be a complete list but includes the main models produced.

  • 125 and 145 (Discontinued) - The first models produced in 1991. Fitted with Perkins 6L engines
  • 135 and 155 (Discontinued) - Updated 125 and 145 models
  • 185 (Discontinued) - The first machine to use the Cummins 5.9L engine
  • 1115 and 1135 (Discontinued) - The first smaller Fastrac with hydrostatic steering
  • 2115 and 2135 (Discontinued) - Updated 1115 and 2135 models
  • 2150 (Discontinued)- Larger 2000 series machine. (No 4WS option)
  • 3155 and 3185 (Discontinued) - Upgraded machines developed from the 155 and 185
  • 3190 and 3220 - Machines fitted with Cummins 5.9L engines using electronic fuel injection
  • 3200 and 3230 - Machines fitted with Cummins 6.7L engines using electronic fuel injection
  • 8250 (Discontinued) - The only Fastrac fitted with a CVT gearbox and an 8.3L Cummins engine
  • 2155 and 2170 - Updated 2000 series with 6.7L Cummins engines.
  • 7170, 7200 and 7230 (Discontinued) - A new range of machines with a 6x4 gearbox and 6.7L Cummins engines
  • 7270 (Discontinued) - A 270 hp 7000 series machine fitted with a 6.7L Cummins engine, launched at SIMA 2009
  • 3200 and 3230 Xtra - The 3000 series machines are now fitted with the 6x4 gearbox and Cummins 6.7L engine.
  • 8280 and 8310 - Machines fitted with AGCO SISU Power 8.4L engines and CVT gearbox.
  • 3200 and 3230 Xtra - The 3000 series machines shown at Agritechnica 2011 with SISU 7.4L Engines
  • 4160, 4190 and 4220 Models previewed at Agritechnica fitted with AGCO SISU Power engines, CVT gearbox and Four Wheel Steer.

Feature in media[edit]

A JCB Fastrac was chosen by BBC's Top Gear host Jeremy Clarkson. It was driven on the show round the Top Gear Test Track by The Stig, in a time of 2:57.4, making it the fastest of the three featured tractors, but also currently the fifth slowest ever lap time.

A JCB Fastrac appeared in news coverage of the JCB Dieselmax land speed record car, pushing it to its 30 mph starting speed.

External links[edit]

Media related to JCB tractors at Wikimedia Commons