Journal of Clinical Investigation
|Journal of Clinical Investigation|
Abbreviated title (ISO 4)
|J. Clin. Invest.|
|Edited by||Howard A. Rockman|
American Society for Clinical Investigation (United States)
|Frequency||Monthly; articles published weekly online|
Evaluation and peer review of research
The JCI receives submissions from authors worldwide. Unlike at most commercial journals, an Editorial Board made up of scientists actively engaged in scientific discovery rigorously evaluates each submitted article for scientific merit to determine its suitability for the JCI. Submitted manuscripts are sent out for external peer review if the board member with specific expertise in the subject area handling the manuscript believes it represents a substantial conceptual advance and is appropriate for the broad readership of the JCI. The JCI strives for timely and thoughtful decisions on manuscripts that incorporate the recommendations from peer review and the discussion at the weekly Editorial Board meeting.
Research articles focus on the mechanisms of disease, with an emphasis on basic research, early-stage clinical studies in humans, and new research tools and techniques. The JCI also publishes scientific reviews in edited series or as stand-alone articles, commentaries on research articles, personal perspectives, editorials, and news and feature items. A companion to the journal, JCI Impact, launched in January 2013, summarizes and highlights the content of each month's issue.
Current Editorial Board
The Editorial Board comprises scientists associated with an academic medical center, which changes every five years, allowing for new editorial perspectives and areas of expertise. Since 2012, the journal has been headed by Editor in Chief Dr. Howard A. Rockman and an Editorial Board of peer scientists at Duke University Medical Center, the University of North Carolina, Duke-NUS, and the Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute.
The top-cited JCI articles as of October 2014, according to Scopus
The JCI is a nonprofit publication of the ASCI, with a publishing office in Ann Arbor, Michigan. All JCI research articles are freely available online upon publication. Revenue derives from submission fees, which support maintenance of an Editorial Board; page charges to authors for published articles; and subscription fees, which apply in the case of most non-research articles. The JCI deposits all articles in PubMed Central; however, most non-research articles are embargoed for release by PubMed Central until the start of the year after the year in which those articles are published.
The JCI was established by the ASCI in 1924 to serve as the major U.S. venue for research on disease and clinical medicine. A publication of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the journal initially received financial backing from the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now known as Rockefeller University). The journal then turned to a model based on individual and university clinic subscriptions. At a time of financial struggles during the Great Depression, the Chemical Foundation ran the JCI (1931–1940). Page charges were instituted in 1965 to offset publication costs. Rockefeller University Press published the journal from 1967 until 1999. Since that time, the ASCI has published the JCI. In 1996 the JCI became the first major scientific journal to make its content available barrier-free online; Ajit Varki was the editor-in-chief at the time of the transition.
Several articles focus on the history of the journal:
- Brainard ER. History of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, 1924–1959. I. Personnel and policies. J Clin Invest. 1959;38(10 pt 1–2): 1865–1872. dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI103962
- Bondy PK. History of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, 1924–1959. I. Scientific contents. J Clin Invest. 1959;38(10 pt 1–2):1873–1877.
- Savla U. Reflecting on 80 years of excellence. J Clin Invest. 2004;114(8):1006–1016.
- Howell JD. A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation. J Clin Invest. 2009;119(4):682–697.
Editors of the Journal of Clinical Investigation
|G. Canby Robinson||1924–1927||Vanderbilt University|
|J. Harold Austin||1928–1934||University of Pennsylvania|
|Randolph West||1935–1940||Presbyterian Hospital (New York)|
|James L. Gamble||1941–1946||Harvard University|
|Eugene B. Ferris||1947–1951||Cincinnati General Hospital|
|Stanley E. Bradley||1952–1956||Columbia University|
|Philip K. Bondy||1957–1961||Yale University|
|Arnold S. Relman||1962–1966||Harvard University|
|Paul A. Marks||1967–1970||Columbia University|
|DeWitt S. Goodman||1971–1972||Columbia University|
|Jean D. Wilson||1972–1977||University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center|
|Philip W. Majerus||1977–1981||Washington University|
|Stuart Kornfeld||1981–1982||Washington University|
|Thomas P. Stossel||1982–1985||Harvard University|
|Joseph Avruch||1986–1987||Harvard University|
|Bruce F. Scharschmidt||1987–1992||University of California–San Francisco|
|Ajit P. Varki||1992–1996||University of California–San Diego|
|Paul A. Insel||1996–1997||University of California–San Diego|
|Martin F. Kagnoff||1996–1997||University of California–San Diego|
|Stephen J. Weiss||1997–2002||University of Michigan|
|Andrew R. Marks||2002 2007||Columbia University|
|Laurence A. Turka||2007–2012||University of Pennsylvania|
|Howard A. Rockman||2012–present||Duke University|
- Howell JD. A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation. J Clin Invest. 2009;119(4):694.