James Calhoun (soldier)

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James Calhoun
James Calhoun soldier.jpg
James Calhoun
Born (1845-08-24)August 24, 1845
Cincinnati, Ohio
Died June 25, 1876(1876-06-25) (aged 30)
Little Bighorn, Montana
Buried at Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Union
Service/branch  United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1864–1876
Rank Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg First Lieutenant
Unit 7th U.S. Cavalry
Battles/wars Battle of the Little Bighorn 
Relations George A. Custer, brother-in-law
Thomas Custer, brother-in-law
Boston Custer, brother-in-law

James Calhoun (August 24, 1845 – June 25, 1876) was a soldier in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Black Hills War. He was the brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer and was killed along with Custer in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Early life[edit]

Calhoun was born in Cincinnati, Ohio into a prestigious and wealthy merchant family that included his brother Frederick. When the American Civil War broke out, he was travelling in Europe and two years later, both joined the Union army. Both brothers were to forgo the merchant life for the frontier to the dismay of their parents.[1]

Career[edit]

Upon returning to the United States, he enlisted in the Union Army in 1864. By the end of the war, he was a Sergeant.

In July 1867, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry. He met Margaret Custer while she was visiting the Custers in 1870, and they fell in love.[1] His soon to be brother-in-law George Armstrong Custer had him appointed to first lieutenant in the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment, assigned to Company C.

Personal life[edit]

Calhoun was known as "The Adonis of the Seventh" due to his handsome features, but he was never a womanizer as he married Margaret in 1872. He was part of the so-called "Custer Clan," which was a clique of close-knit relatives and friends of the former Civil War general. Calhoun was also the brother-in-law of fellow Clan member Myles Moylan. He often wrote letters to his brother and to Margaret, or Maggie as she was called, writing with disdain of his limited understanding of complex native culture, adherents to which naturally resisted military conquest. He often referred to them as "heathens" and imagined a day when post-industrial population explosion would make hunting and gathering impossible in the face of western resource exploitation without conscience, which he understood to be a good thing.

Death[edit]

At the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory during the Black Hills War, he was acting as temporary commander of L Company, whose commander was on detached service as aide to General Philip H. Sheridan, and killed along with most of the company. Evidence at the hill where he died, later known as Calhoun Hill, showed that he and his men fought fiercely until they were killed. He and his second in command, Lt. John Crittenden, were found within feet of each other and their men had been deployed in a defensive perimeter on the hill. His remains were initially buried on the battlefield, but were reinterred in Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas,[2] in 1877. A marble slab on the Little Bighorn battlefield marks the place where his body was discovered and initially buried.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jefferson County Library History Rescue, "The Story of the Calhoun Family and General Armstrong Custer" [1]
  2. ^ James Calhoun at Find a Grave

Sources and links[edit]