|Born||James Davis Nicoll
March 18, 1961
|James Nicoll, 2001 photo|
James Davis Nicoll (born March 18, 1961) of Kitchener, Ontario, is a former role-playing game store owner, a freelance game and speculative fiction reviewer and also works as a first reader for the Science Fiction Book Club. As a Usenet personality, Nicoll is known for writing a widely quoted epigram on the English language, as well as for his accounts of suffering a high number of accidents, which he has narrated over the years in Usenet groups like rec.arts.sf.written and rec.arts.sf.fandom.
Influence on SF genre
In addition to his influence as a first reader for the Science Fiction Book Club, Nicoll often offers ideas and concepts to other writers, primarily through the medium of Usenet. After winning the 2006 Locus Award for his novella Missile Gap, Charles Stross thanked him, writing that Nicoll "came up with the original insane setting — then kindly gave me permission to take his idea and run with it."
"The Purity of the English Language"
In 1990, in the Usenet group rec.arts.sf-lovers, Nicoll wrote the following epigram on the English language:
- The problem with defending the purity of the English language is that English is about as pure as a cribhouse whore. We don't just borrow words; on occasion, English has pursued other languages down alleyways to beat them unconscious and riffle their pockets for new vocabulary.
(A followup to the original post acknowledged that the spelling of 'riffle' was a misspelling of 'rifle'.)
Over the years it has spread over the internet, often misattributed to other individuals including Booker T. Washington and a nineteenth-century painter also named James Nicoll. In recent years however the epigram has also been quoted, with proper attribution, in books by professor of rhetoric and communication design Randy Harris. Amateur linguists Jeremy Smith, Richard Lederer, and Anu Garg have also referenced Nicoll's quote.
Professional linguists who have referenced the quotation online include Professor of Linguistics Mark Liberman of the University of Pennsylvania and Language Log; Associate Professor of Linguistics Suzanne Kemmer of Rice University, who also posted her research into the quote at the LINGUIST mailing list; and Second Language Acquisition Ph.D. student Rong Liu. There are also amateur philologists who have used the quote, including journalist Suw Charman and journalist Vale White.
Nicoll relates a number of life-and-or-limb-threatening accidents that have happened to him, which he has told and retold on various science fiction fandom related newsgroups. Over the years these stories have also been collected into Cally Soukup's List of Nicoll events.
A post on soc.history.what-if credits Nicoll with coining the phrase "brain eater" which is supposed to "get" certain writers such as Poul Anderson and James P. Hogan. Nicoll claims the 'brain eater' affected Hogan, because of Hogan's expressions of belief in Immanuel Velikovsky's version of catastrophism, and his advocacy of the hypothesis that AIDS is caused by pharmaceutical use rather than HIV (see AIDS denialism). The term has been adopted by other Usenet posters,  as well as elsewhere on the Internet and use of the term within Usenet has been criticised.
Nicoll proposed the Nicoll-Dyson Laser concept where the satellites of a Dyson Swarm act as a phased array laser emitter capable of delivering their energy to a planet-sized target at a range of millions of light years.
E. E. Smith first used the general idea of concentrating the sun's energy in a weapon in the Lensman series when the Galactic Patrol developed the sunbeam (in Second Stage Lensmen); however, his concept did not extend to the details of the Nicoll-Dyson Laser. The 2012 novel The Rapture of the Nerds by Cory Doctorow and Charles Stross uses the Nicoll-Dyson Laser concept by name as the means by which the Galactic Federation threatens to destroy the Earth.
In a discussion on rec.arts.sf.written about why Golden Age science fiction so often uses aliens said to derive from short-lived but well-known stars such as Rigel whose lifespan is probably too brief to ever allow the rise of life due to the long-established mass-luminosity relationship for main-sequence stars, Nicoll identified what he termed the "SFnal Lysenkoist Tendency: when actual, tested science contradicts some detail in an SF story, attack the science."
- Silver, Steven. "SF Birthday Calendar: March". Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- Wheeler, Andrew (2006-11-20). "SFBC's Top 50 Books List Goes Walkabout". Science Fiction Book Club. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-20.
- "". soc.history.what-if. 11 Dec 2000.
- Stross, Charles (2007-06-17). "Brief Announcement".
- Nicoll, James (1990-05-15). "The King's English". rec.arts.sf-lovers. Web link.
- Nicoll, James (1990-05-20). "The King's English". rec.arts.sf-lovers. Web link.
- Harris, Randy (2004). Voice Interaction Design: Crafting the New Conversational Speech Systems. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann. p. 55. ISBN 1-55860-768-4.
- Smith, Jeremy (2005). Bum Bags and Fanny Packs: A British-American, American-British Dictionary. New York: Carrol & Graf. p. 164. ISBN 0-7867-1702-5.
- Lederer, Richard (2003). A Man of My Words: Reflections on the English Language. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-312-31785-9.
- Garg, Anu (2005). Another Word A Day: An All-New Romp through Some of the Most Unusual and Intriguing Words in English. New York: Wiley. p. 111. ISBN 0-471-71845-9.
- Liberman, Mark (2005-10-24). "The wordiness of English". Language Log.; "88 English words from snow". Language Log. 2003-12-07. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Kemmer, Suzanne (2001-10-23). "The English Language: Past and Present". Rice University. "Words in English: Structure, History, Use (course Web site for Linguistics/English 215)". Rice University. 2006-02-28. Archived from the original on 2007-05-12. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Kemmer, Suzanne (2002-02-20). "James D. Nicoll quote - mystery solved". LINGUIST List. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Liu, Mike (2005-10-03). "Presentation on Morphology, for the course INDV 101-Language" (Microsoft PowerPoint). University of Arizona. Retrieved 2007-05-17.[dead link]
- Charman, Suw (2005-01-03). "Re: The purity of the English language". Chocolate and Vodka. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- White, Vale (2004-10-13). "Words, words, words depurify". Southern Utah University Journal. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Wilson, Gareth (2002-08-14). "Quick thought on the collapse of the Roman Empire". soc.history.what-if. Web link.
- Nicoll, James (1997-09-12). "Fire Upon the Deep and Way Station". rec.arts.sf.written. Web link.
- Nicoll, James (1999-09-02). "Genetic Engineering?". rec.arts.sf.written. Web link.
- Hogan, James P. "The Case for Taking Velikovsky Seriously". Retrieved 2006-06-18.
- Hogan, James P. "Bulletin Board: AIDS Skepticism". Retrieved 2007-02-01.
- McCutchen, Pete (1999-12-10). "Re: A Great New Sci-Fi Novel! (CRIT)". rec.arts.sf.composition. Web link.
- Palmer, David M. (2006-01-21). "Orson Scott Card: The brain eater takes another bite--Intelligent Design". rec.arts.sf.written. Web link.
- Bradshaw, Simon (1999-11-14). "NASA and SF". rec.arts.sf.written. Web link.
- M., Omega (2007-06-05). ""Brain eater": A phrase I hate". Hatrack River Forum. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- Nicoll, James (2005-03-20). "Re: A Moon base is too far; an asteroid ship better alternative:)". sci.space.tech. Web link.
- "2010 Hugo Award Nominees – Details". 2010-04-04. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
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