James Lillywhite

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James Lillywhite
Personal information
Full name James Lillywhite junior
Born (1842-02-23)23 February 1842
Westhampnett, Sussex, England
Died 25 October 1929(1929-10-25) (aged 87)
Chichester, Sussex, England
Batting style Left-handed
Bowling style Left arm slow-medium
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 7) 15 March 1877 v Australia
Last Test 4 April 1877 v Australia
Domestic team information
Years Team
1862–1883 Sussex
Umpiring information
Tests umpired 6 (1881–1899)
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches 2 256
Runs scored 16 5523
Batting average 8.00 14.30
100s/50s 0/0 2/12
Top score 10 126 *
Balls bowled 340 57,257
Wickets 8 1,210
Bowling average 15.75 15.23
5 wickets in innings 0 96
10 wickets in match 0 22
Best bowling 4/70 10/129
Catches/stumpings 1/– 109/–
Source: CricketArchive, 21 September 2008

James Lillywhite (23 February 1842 – 25 October 1929) was a Test cricketer and an umpire. He was the first ever captain of the English cricket team in a Test match, captaining two Tests against Australia in 1876–77, losing the first, but winning the second.

Lillywhite was born in Westhampnett in Sussex, the son of a bricklayer, John Lillywhite. He was the nephew of William Lillywhite, and so cousin to William's sons, James Lillywhite senior, John, Fred and Harry. Lillywhite is termed "junior" in sources to differentiate between him and his cousin James senior. He became a professional cricketer, and played first-class cricket for Sussex from 1862 and 1883. He played one final first-class match in 1885. Before the pre-Ashes Test-playing tour to Australia in 1876–77, Lillywhite also joined tours to North America in 1868 in a team led by Edgar Willsher, to Australia in 1873–74 in a team led by W.G. Grace. He also joined three further tours to Australia in teams led by Alfred Shaw, in 1881–82, 1884–85 and 1886–87.

He stood as a first-class umpire between 1883 and 1901, including six Test matches. He umpired all four Test matches between Australia and England in the 1881–82 season (being partnered by John Swift in three matches and George Coulthard in the other). He was one of the organisers of Arthur Shrewsbury's team to Australia in 1884–85 but, in spite of his experience, the Australian captain Billy Murdoch refused to allow him to umpire the first ever Test match at Adelaide. However, along with Ted Elliott, he umpired in the second Test of that series, when the entire Australian team refused to play unless they received fifty per cent of gate takings. Nine new faces appeared for Australia, and were soundly beaten. Lillywhite's other match as umpire was the drawn fourth Test between England and Australia at Old Trafford in 1899.

He died in Chichester, the last English survivor of the first Test match.

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Sporting positions
Preceded by
None
English national cricket captain
1876/7
Succeeded by
Lord Harris
Preceded by
E M Grace
Oldest Living Test Cricketer
20 May 1911 – 25 October 1929
Succeeded by
Francis MacKinnon