Johnny Douglas

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This article is about the cricketer. For the easy listening conductor, see Johnny Douglas (conductor).
Olympic medalist
Center
Douglas as a boxer at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Medal record
Men's Boxing
Gold 1908 London Middleweight
Johnny Douglas
Johnny Douglas portrait.jpg
Personal information
Full name John William Henry Tyler Douglas
Born (1882-09-03)3 September 1882
Stoke Newington, London, England
Died 19 December 1930(1930-12-19) (aged 48)
at sea, seven miles south of the Laeso Trindel Lightship, Denmark
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right arm fast-medium
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 170) 15 December 1911 v Australia
Last Test 8 January 1925 v Australia
Domestic team information
Years Team
1901–1928 Essex
1903–1904 London County
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches 23 651
Runs scored 962 24,531
Batting average 29.15 27.90
100s/50s 1/6 26/107
Top score 119 210*
Balls bowled 2,812 83,528
Wickets 45 1,893
Bowling average 33.02 23.32
5 wickets in innings 1 113
10 wickets in match 0 23
Best bowling 5/46 9/47
Catches/stumpings 9/– 365/–
Source: Cricinfo, 11 November 2008

John "Johnny" William Henry Tyler Douglas (3 September 1882 – 19 December 1930) was a cricketer who was captain of the England team and an Olympic boxer.

Early life[edit]

Douglas was the son of John H. Douglas and was born at Stoke Newington, London in what is now Belfast Road. He was educated at Moulton Grammar School and Felsted School and joined his father's wood-importing firm, which supported his amateur status in cricket and boxing. Douglas also played football once for the England amateur side (occasion unknown, through loss of records).[1] He served in the Bedfordshire Regiment throughout World War I, eventually as major (acting lieutenant-colonel).

Boxing career[edit]

Douglas was an excellent Middleweight boxer becoming Olympic champion at the 1908 Games held in London.[2] All three of his bouts, including the final, described by The Times as “one of the most brilliant exhibitions of skilful boxing, allied to tremendous hitting, ever seen.”, were held on the same day.[3] Supporters of the silver medal winner, Snowy Baker, later claimed that Douglas' father was the sole judge and referee.

Baker himself never publicly contested the close points verdict which Douglas, who scored a second-round knockdown over him, won in their Olympic final. But, in a 1952 interview, he claimed that Douglas’s father had refereed the fight, leading to widespread suspicion of a dodgy decision, but in fact John Douglas senior was only at ringside, from where refs worked in those days, to present the medals, in his role as president of the ABA. The real ref was Eugene Corri who did not have to give a casting vote as the two judges agreed that Douglas was a narrow winner.[3] Douglas Jr, his father and his younger brother, Cecil ('Pickles') were all prominent referees and officials in the ABA, the last also being the leading referee in the professional sport in the 1930s. Douglas also won the 1905 ABA Middleweight title.[4][5]

Olympic results[edit]

  • Defeated René Doudelle (France) KO round 1
  • 2nd round bye
  • Defeated Ruben Warnes (Great Britain) KO round 2
  • Defeated Snowy Baker (Australia) Decision[6]

Cricket career[edit]

Douglas was an untiring fast-medium bowler and obdurate batsman who was nicknamed with a play on his initials JWHT "Johnny Won't Hit Today" by Australian hecklers. He captained the school teams at Felsted and was a member of Wanstead C.C. He played for Essex in 1902 and for London County in 1903. In 1904 he returned to Essex where he remained, captaining the side from 1911 to 1928. He played for England before and after the First World War. Douglas was named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1915, but play was suspended during the war years. After the war until 1923 had to carry Essex's bowling on his shoulders except when George Louden turned out. He took over 100 wickets in a season seven times with a best of 147 in 1920. The following year against Derbyshire he produced perhaps the most remarkable all-round performance in cricket history. After taking nine for 47, Douglas stopped a breakdown against Bill Bestwick with an unbeaten 210 that tired him so much he did not bowl until the end of Derbyshire's second innings. He then took two for none, giving him a match record of eleven for 47.

Douglas captained England eighteen times, with a Test match record of won eight, lost eight, drawn two. Successful as stand-in captain in Australia in 1911, he won the series 4–1. On the 1920/21 tour of Australia he led a depleted post-war side which suffered a 0–5 'whitewash', a scoreline not repeated in an Ashes series until the 2006/7 England team lost by the same margin. Reappointed reluctantly by the M.C.C. in 1921, he lost the first two Tests at home to Warwick Armstrong's side and was displaced as captain but retained in the XI. He captained England in one further Test match, against South Africa in July 1924, and played his final Test on the 1924/25 England tour of Australia.[7]

Later life[edit]

Douglas married Evelyn Ruby Case, the widowed sister of two of his close wartime friends, on 25 December 1916. He had no children but one stepson. He drowned when the Oberon, on which he and his father were travelling, was wrecked seven miles south of the Laeso Trindel Lightship, Denmark. It had collided with a sister-vessel in foggy weather when the two captains who were brothers were attempting to exchange Christmas greetings. According to a witness at the post mortem enquiry, Douglas may well have been trying to save his father. They had been purchasing timber in Finland. He was aged 48.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Player Profiles - Corinthian-Casuals Football Club". Corinthian-casuals.com. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  2. ^ "Boxing at the Olympic Games - Amateur Boxing Association of England Limited". Abae.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Boxing Monthly". Boxing Monthly. 2004-02-26. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  4. ^ "1905 - Amateur Boxing Association of England Limited". Abae.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  5. ^ "John Douglas - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  6. ^ "John Douglas Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at". Sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  7. ^ "Player Profile: Johnny Douglas at Cricket Archive". Cricketarchive.com. 1930-12-19. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 

External references[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
"Shrimp" Leveson Gower
English national cricket captain
1911/2
Succeeded by
CB Fry
Preceded by
CB Fry
English national cricket captain
1913/4-1920/1
Succeeded by
Honourable Lionel Tennyson