James Lyons Biggar
James Lyons Biggar (February 4, 1824 – May 24, 1879) was an Ontario merchant and political figure. He represented Northumberland East in the Canadian House of Commons from 1874 to 1878 as an Independent Liberal.
He was born in Carrying Place, Upper Canada in 1824, the son of Charles Biggar, whose parents had come from Biggar in Scotland. He was educated at Victoria College in Cobourg. In 1846, he married Isabella Hodgins; his wife's brothers, Thomas and John George, became prominent figures in the province. Biggar owned a general store and served as postmaster at Carrying Place. He also served as commissioner in the Court of Queen's Bench there. He represented East Northumberland in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1861 until Confederation. He was defeated by Joseph Keeler for the federal seat in 1872 and then defeated Keeler in 1874; that election was appealed but Biggar won the by-election which followed. In the 1878 general election, he was again defeated by Keeler. Biggar served as a member of the Senate for Victoria College. He died in Clifton Springs, New York at the age of 55.
The Biggars had eleven children:
- Charles Robert Webster Biggar, a lawyer who married Jane Helen Mowat, the daughter of Oliver Mowat. Their son Oliver Mowat Biggar served as Canada's first Chief Electoral Officer.
- Frances Camilla Biggar, who married George R. Pattullo, a newspaper publisher from Woodstock, Ontario.
- William Hodgins Biggar, a lawyer who served in the Ontario legislative assembly, who married Marie Louise Ballow. Their son, Winchester Henry Biggar, would later serve as alderman on the Montreal City Council and chairman of the Montreal Metropolitan Commission.
- Alexander Murray Biggar, who died young.
- James Lyons Biggar, a military figure who helped to establish the Canadian Army.
- Edward Herbert Biggar, who died young.
- Sarah Isabel Biggar, who married George Elliott Casey; the latter served in the House of Commons.
- Mary Emmeline Biggar, who married George F. Burton.
- George Coltman Biggar, a prominent Toronto businessman who married Ethel B. Tate.
- Eliza Maria Biggar, who married Richard A. Bull.
- Henry Percival Biggar, an authority on the history of New France, who served as chief archivist for Canada in Europe.
Mr. Biggar's sister Eliza Maria would marry Charles Stewart Wilson, and their son Herbert Charles Wilson would serve in the legislative assembly for the Northwest Territories.
|Canadian federal election, 1872: East Riding of Northumberland|
|Independent Liberal||BIGGAR, J.L.||1,430|
|Canadian federal election, 1874: East Riding of Northumberland|
|Independent Liberal||BIGGAR, James Lyons||1,662|
|By-election: On Mr. Biggar being unseated on petition,
12 December 1874: East Riding of Northumberland
|Independent Liberal||BIGGAR, James Lyons||1,670|
|Canadian federal election, 1878: East Riding of Northumberland|
|Independent Liberal||BIGGAR, J.L.||1,736|
- Gardner, HF (1899). Nothing but Names. pp. 504–5.
- Johnson, J.K. (1968). The Canadian Directory of Parliament 1867-1967. Public Archives of Canada.
- Morgan, HJ. The Canadian parliamentary companion, 1874. pp. 128–29.
- "Winchester Henry Biggar". Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- "Ald. Biggar Likely to Quit When Present Term Expires". Montreal Gazette. 26 July 1938. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Entry for Henry Percival Biggar in the Canadian Encyclopedia