Jamie L. Whitten Building

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U.S. Department of Agriculture Administration Building
12072012 - 31 - United States Department of Agriculture.JPG
Jamie L. Whitten Building is located in Washington, D.C.
Jamie L. Whitten Building
Location 12th St. and Jefferson Dr., SW., Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°53′16.85″N 77°1′48.12″W / 38.8880139°N 77.0300333°W / 38.8880139; -77.0300333Coordinates: 38°53′16.85″N 77°1′48.12″W / 38.8880139°N 77.0300333°W / 38.8880139; -77.0300333
Built 1908
Architect Rankin,Kellogg & Crane
Architectural style Classical Revival, Beaux Arts
Governing body General Services Administration
NRHP Reference # 74002175
Added to NRHP January 24, 1974[1]

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Administration Building, also known as the Jamie L. Whitten Building, houses the administrative offices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. The Administration Building projects into the National Mall from the larger U.S. Department of Agriculture South Building, and is the only building on the Mall that is not intended for use by the general public. It was the first large Beaux-Arts style building in Washington and set the prototype for the later buildings of the Federal Triangle. The east and west wings were the first Federal office buildings to be built of reinforced concrete.[2] The Whitten Building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]

History[edit]

Administration Building, c. 1934

The placement of the new building on the Mall was at odds with the proposed McMillan Plan, which envisioned a Mall free of intrusive buildings. The Agriculture Department's proposed placement was opposed by Commission members Daniel Burnham and Charles McKim. After a series of intercessions by President Theodore Roosevelt the building was moved to be in accordance with the Plan, but only after foundations were in place for a building 106 feet to the east of the final location.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Façade of the building with Corinthian columns
A Department of Agriculture employee uses a mule-drawn tiller to plant a new lawn, 1931

As the public face of the Agriculture Department, the Beaux-Arts style Administration Building was designed by architects Rankin, Kellogg and Crane to a higher standard than the South Building. However, a limited budget enforced a comparative plainness when set against other buildings on the Mall. The L-shaped wings were completed between 1904 and 1908, but the central block was not finished until 1930. The prototype for the design was Ange-Jacques Gabriel's 1774 Hôtel de la Marine on the Place de la Concorde in Paris.[3] The pediment features sculpture by Adolph Alexander Weinman, while interior murals are by Gilbert White.[2] While the earlier east and west wings featured reinforced concrete construction, the central portion was built in steel.

Linking bridges[edit]

In 1936 bridges were built across Independence Avenue to link the wings to the South Building. The single-span stone arches form a dramatic accent on Independence Avenue. The soffits of the bridges are faced with Guastavino tile. The east bridge is dedicated to Seaman A. Knapp, while the west bridge commemorates Agriculture Secretary James Wilson.[2]

Naming[edit]

The Administration Building was named the "Jamie L. Whitten" building in 1995 in honor of Mississippi Congressman Jamie L. Whitten, former chairman of the United States House Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d Milner, John D. (June 22, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: U.S. Department of Agriculture Administration Building". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ Scott, Pamela; Lee, Antoinette J. (1993). "The Mall". Buildings of the District of Columbia. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 99–100. ISBN 0-19-509389-5. 
  4. ^ "Histories of the USDA Headquarters Complex Buildings". U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2004. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 

External links[edit]