Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long
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|Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long|
|Born||July 23, 1798
Charles County, Maryland
|Died||December 30, 1880
Fort Bend County, Texas
|Occupation||Boarding house owner, planter|
|Relatives||James Wilkinson (uncle)
Alexander Calvit (brother-in-law)
Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long (1798–1880) was a Texas pioneer. She owned boarding houses and a plantation in Texas. She is best known as the "Mother of Texas."
Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long was born on July 23, 1798 in Charles County, Maryland. She was the niece of General James Wilkinson. Around 1811, her family moved from Maryland to the small town of Washington, Mississippi, the capital of the Mississippi Territory.
She moved to Texas with her husband in the 1820s. In 1822, her husband died after being captured by Mexican forces and she became a widow. Stephen Warden gave Jane grants of land in Fort Bend and Waller counties, but instead of farming, she opened a boarding house in San Felipe, Texas.
She sold part of her land in Fort Bend County, on which the town of Richmond was built. She later moved to Richmond, where she opened a boarding house and started a plantation nearby.
She was married to James Long, a doctor and a native of Virginia, in Natchez, Mississippi. On December 21, 1821, at Bolivar Point near present-day Galveston, Jane gave birth to her third child, Mary James Long. It is often claimed that this was the first one born to an English-speaking woman in Texas, even though census records from 1807 to 1826 list several children born to Anglo-American mothers in Texas before 1821. Because of this, she became known as the "Mother of Texas." Sam Houston, in a gubernatorial speech, later gave this title to Margaret Theresa Wright for Wright's heroic support of Texas troops during the Texas Revolution.
She died on December 30, 1880, in Fort Bend County, Texas.
- The Jane Long Elementary School located in Freeport, Texas in the Brazosport Independent School District and Jane Long Middle School (Houston) in the Houston Independent School District are also named for her.
- A marker in Fort Bend County, Texas was erected in her honor in 1936.
- Henson, Margaret Swett. "Long, Jane Herbert Wilkinson". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
- McArthur, Judith N. "Wright, Margaret Theresa Robertson". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Neila Skinner Petrick, Jane Long of Texas, 1798-1880: A Biographical Novel of Jane Wilkinson Long of Texas : Based on Her True Story, Pelican Publishing, 2000, p. 89 
- Mary Austin Holley, Mary Austin Holley: The Texas Diary, 1835-1838, Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1965, p. 113 
- Jane Long historic materials from the Fort Bend Museum, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
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