Japanese destroyer Harukaze (1922)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Japanese destroyer Harukaze 1934.jpg
Harukaze at Yokosuka, 1934
Career Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
Name: Harukaze
Owner: Empire of Japan
Operator: Imperial Japanese Navy
Builder: Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan
Yard number: Destroyer No. 5
Laid down: May 16, 1922
Launched: December 18, 1922
Completed: May 31, 1923
Renamed: Harukaze August 1, 1928
Struck: November 10, 1945
Fate: scuttled 1947
General characteristics
Class and type: Kamikaze-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,400 long tons (1,400 t) normal,
1,720 long tons (1,750 t) full load
Length: 97.5 m (320 ft) pp,
102.6 m (337 ft) overall
Beam: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Draught: 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Propulsion: 2 shafts
4 x Ro-Gō Kampon water-tube boilers
2 x Parsons geared turbines
38,500 ihp (28,700 kW)
Speed: 37.25 knots (68.99 km/h)
Range: 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 168
Armament: 3 ×Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
10 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns
4 × 21 inch torpedo tubes
16 × naval mines
Service record
Part of: Destroyer Division 5
Operations:

Battle of the Philippines

Battle of Sunda Strait

Harukaze (春風 “Spring Wind”?)[1] was the second of nine Kamikaze-class destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy following World War I. Advanced for their time, these ships served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s, but were considered obsolescent by the start of the Pacific War.

Construction[edit]

Construction of the large-sized Kamikaze-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-4 Fleet Program from fiscal 1921–1923, as a follow on to the Minekaze class, with which they shared many common design characteristics.[2] Harukaze, built at the Maizuru Naval Arsenal, was the second ship completed in this class. It was laid down on May 16, 1922, launched on December 18, 1922 and commissioned on May 31, 1923.[3] Originally commissioned simply as Destroyer No. 5, it was assigned the name Harukaze on August 1, 1928.

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Harukaze was part of Desron 5 under Destroyer Division 5 in the IJN 3rd Fleet, and deployed from Mako Guard District in the Pescadores as part of the Japanese invasion force for the "Operation M" (the invasion of the Philippines), during which time it helped screen landings of Japanese forces at Aparri and at Lingayen Gulf.[4]

In early 1942, Harukaze was assigned to escorting troop convoys to Malaya and French Indochina. Assigned to "Operation J" (the invasion of Java in the Netherlands East Indies), she participated at the Battle of Sunda Strait on March 1, 1942. During that battle, she launched torpedoes at the cruisers HMAS Perth (D29) and USS Houston (CA-30) and took damage to her bridge, engine room and rudder in return, with three crewmen killed and over fifteen injured.[5]

From March 10, Harukaze and Destroyer Division 5 were assigned to the Southwest Area Fleet and escorted troop convoy from Singapore to Penang, Rangoon, French Indochina, Rabaul and New Guinea. On November 16, Harukaze hit a mine at Surabaya, which completed severed her bow. Repairs at Surabaya took until May 1943, but Harukaze was still deemed not combat-worthy, and returned to Kure Naval Arsenal in Japan on May 27, 1943. After repairs were completed on August 25, Harukaze departed Kure as escort for a convoy to Palau, and continued to escort shipping around Palau to the end of the year.[6]

In 1944, Harukaze continued to escort convoys from Palau to the Japanese home islands and Taiwan, the Philippines and Borneo. On October 24, 1944, while escorting a convoy from Manila to Takao, Harukaze made contact with USS Shark (SS-314) and dropped depth charges. After losing and regaining the contact, the destroyer dropped another 17 depth charges which resulted in "bubbles, heavy oil, clothes and cork" coming to the surface, indicating that the submarine had been destroyed.[7] However, Harukaze was in turn torpedoed on November 4 by USS Sailfish (SS-192) in Luzon Strait, suffering some damage.

On January 10, 1945, Harukaze was reassigned to the General Escort Command, but was further damaged in an air attack by United States Navy aircraft from Task Force 38 near Mako on January 21 and was subsequently towed to Sasebo Naval Arsenal. However, by this stage in the war, Japan no longer had the resources or equipment to effect repairs, and Harukaze remained docked at Sasebo unrepaired to the surrender of Japan.

Harukaze was struck from the navy list on November 10, 1945. It was subsequently towed to the north coast of Hyōgo Prefecture on the Sea of Japan and scuttled to from part of the breakwater at Takeno Port (presently part of Toyooka city.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nelson. Japanese-English Character Dictionary. Page 480
  2. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun.
  3. ^ a b Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Kamikaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. 
  4. ^ Morison. The Rising Sun in the Pacific 1931 - April 1942.
  5. ^ Dull. A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy
  6. ^ Nevitt, Long Lancers
  7. ^ Brown. Warship Losses of World War Two

References[edit]

  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941–1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Nelson, Andrew N. (1967). Japanese–English Character Dictionary. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0408-7. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. OCLC 1344405. 

External links[edit]