Jataveda (Sanskrit: जातवेद, IAST: jātaveda, "He who knows all creatures") is a term used in Rig Veda and is an epithet for agni, that is, fire-god. In some references, the term has also been used as an epithet of Shiva. The meaning of Jatveda has been explained in the following five ways:
Knowledge of all the created beings
Knowledge of all creatures or everything existent
Being known by all created things
Knowledge of the Vedas as representing the ultimate riches and wealth
Knowledge of the Vedas as the ultimate and the absolute source of wisdom
In some references, the term Jataveda has been used to personify the one who has produced the Vedas. The term has also been used According to some scholars, its real meaning and significance has been lost in antiquity.