||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (June 2009)|
April 13, 1949 |
Time in space
|16d 21h 48m|
|Selection||1985 CNES Group 2|
Jean-Jacques Favier (Born April 13, 1949) is a French engineer and a former CNES astronaut who flew aboard the STS-78 NASA Space Shuttle mission. Favier was due to fly aboard the Columbia mission in 2003, but later signed out of the mission.
- Attended primary and secondary schools in Strasbourg, France
- 1971: Received an engineering degree from the INPG-ENSEEG (Grenoble Institute of Technology).
- 1977: Earned a Ph.D. in engineering from the École des mines de Paris
- 1977: Earned a Ph.D. in metallurgy and physics from the University of Grenoble
- Research Engineer, Commissariat à l'énergie atomique (CEA), 1976-1979
- Head Solidification Group 1970-1986
- Head of Laboratory 1986-1989
- Head Solidification and Crystal Growth Service, 1989 to 1993
- Cons. European Space Agency (ESA)
- Centre National D’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Paris 1983 to present
- spationaut Candidate CNES, Paris 1985 to present
- Member of Space Station User Panel of ESA.
Awards and honors
- Recipient Zellidja Association 2nd prize, French Academy Literature 1970, E. Brun Price Award French Academy Sciences
- Member of International Organization of Crystal Growth
- Member of American Association of Crystal Growth
- Societe Francaise de Metallurgie
- Groupe Francais de Croissance Cristalline (Committee Chairman)
- Visiting Professor at University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) (1994-95)
- Member of the Space Science Committee of the European Science Foundation (ESF)
- Several patents on crystal growth processes, furnaces and insitu diagnosis
- Published more than 80 research articles in refereed scientific journals and books.
Favier was the Advisor to the Director of the Material Science Research Center (CEREM) at the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and was detached to CNES. He proposed the MEPHISTO program, a collaborative project between the French Space Agency and NASA, and has developed many other scientific projects in collaboration with the United States since 1985. He was the principal investigator for a MEPHISTO materials processing experiment, which made its debut on the United States Microgravity Payload in 1992 and 1994. He became a CNES payload specialist in 1985. He has been principal investigator of more than ten space experiments in collaboration with ESA, NASA, and the Russian Space Agency.
Favier was assigned as an alternate payload specialist on STS-65/IML-2, the second International Migrogravity Laboratory mission, and supported the mission as a Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC/APS) from the Payload Operations Control Center (POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
Favier flew on STS-78 and logged over 405 hours in space. STS-78 Columbia (June 20 to July 7, 1996) was a 16-day Life and Microgravity Spacelab mission. It included studies sponsored by ten nations and five space agencies, was the first mission to combine both a full microgravity studies agenda and a comprehensive life science investigation, and served as a model for future studies on board the International Space Station. STS-78 orbited the Earth 271 times, covering 7 million miles in 405 hours, 48 minutes.