Jean François Hamtramck

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Colonel Hamtramck took possession of Fort Lernoult for the United States in 1796.

Jean-François Hamtramck (sometimes called John Francis Hamtramck) (1756–1803) was a French-Canadian from Quebec who joined the Continental Army and became a decorated officer in the American Revolutionary War.

After the war he continued in the service and, in 1787, he was made commander of Vincennes in the Illinois Country, where he negotiated a peace treaty with local Native American tribes.

In Autumn of 1790, Major Hamtramck was ordered to move against Indian villages on the Wabash, Vermilion, and Eel rivers to create a distraction from the campaign led by General Josiah Harmar. The Hamtramck expedition consisted of his own garrison, with militia from the local French residents and Kentucky. They found only one empty village, and lacked the supplies to reach more villages with the full force. Hamtramck returned to Vincennes, learning later that a force of 600 warriors from the Wabash Confederacy had assembled to fight—nearly double his own force. Hamtramck considered the Wabash force evidence that his primary mission had been accomplished.[1]

In 1793, Hamtramck was named lieutenant colonel in the Legion of the United States led by General Anthony Wayne to secure the Northwest Territory. Hamtramck was cited for bravery at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. Hamtramck, now a full colonel, was appointed the first commandant of Fort Wayne, where he co-owned a large farm with his friend, William Wells.[2] In 1796, he led the garrison to secure Fort Maumee. He was then transferred to Fort Lernoult (later renamed Fort Shelby) and the settlement of Detroit for the United States on July 11, 1796.

He remained commandant of Detroit until his death on 11 April 1803,[3] living in a house on land that is now Gabriel Richard Park near the present bridge to Belle Isle. He was buried at Ste. Anne de Detroit Catholic Church. The officers under his command placed a stone to mark his grave, as a "grateful tribute to his merit and his worth."[3] His body was moved in 1817 to the new Saint Anne's, then, in 1869, to Mount Elliott Cemetery.

In 1827, one of the four townships in Wayne County was named for him, a portion of which later became the city of Hamtramck, Michigan.[4]

In the 1960s Col. Hamtramck's remains were moved to Hamtramck, Michigan, the city formed from the township named in his honor. His grave site is incorporated into the Veterans Memorial at the entrance to Veterans Memorial Park, which is the main city park in Hamtramck, Michigan. This monument and the Beth Olem Jewish cemetery are the only remaining grave sites in the City of Hamtramck. The grave site is a Michigan historical marker site. The grave marker text reads:

Colonel John Francis Hamtramck, Esq.
The First United States Regiment of Infantry and Commandant of Detroit and its dependencies.
He departed this life on the 11th of April 1803 aged 48 years, 7 months and 28 days.
True patriotism and zealous attachment to national liberty joined to a laudable ambition led him into military service at an early period of his life.
He was a soldier even before he was a man. He was an active participant in all the dangers, difficulties and honors of the revolutionary war, and his heroism and uniform good conduct procured him the attention and personal thanks of the immortal Washington.
The United States in him have lost a valuable officer and a good citizen, and society a useful and pleasant member.
To his family his loss is incalculable, and his friends never forget the memory of Hamtramck. This humble monument is placed over his remains by the officers who had the honor to serve under his command- A small but grateful tribute to his merit and his worth.
This inscription was restored by the Catholic Study Club of Detroit, Michigan May 30th 1928.


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barnhart, pp 287-288
  2. ^ Poinsatte, 36
  3. ^ a b The First Regiment of Infantry compiled in the office of the Military Service Institution. Website accessed 9 April 2009.
  4. ^ City of Hamtramck, Michigan

References[edit]

  • Barnhart, John D. and Riker, Dorothy L. (1971). Indiana to 1816. The Colonial Period. Indiana Historical Society. ISBN 0-87195-109-6.
  • Poinsatte, Charles (1976). Outpost in the Wilderness: Fort Wayne, 1706–1828. Allen County, Fort Wayne Historical Society. 

Further reading[edit]