John Neal Axelrod (born March 28, 1966 in Houston, Texas) is an American conductor. Axelrod is Principal Conductor of the Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano, "Giuseppe Verdi, also known as "LaVerdi."/ Between 2009-2013, Axelrod was Music Director of l'Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire, based in Nantes and Angers, France; and from 2009 to 2011, Axelrod served as Music Director of "Hollywood In Vienna" Gala Concerts with the ORF Radio Symphony Orchestra, Vienna. He has also served as Music Director and Chief Conductor of the Lucerne Symphony Orchestra from 2004-2009, and from 2001-2009 as Principal Guest Conductor of Sinfonietta Cracovia 
Axelrod was born in Houston, Texas on March 28, 1966. From the age of 5 Axelrod studied piano with Jacquelyn Harbachick and Roberto Eyzaguirre. At the age of 16 he was accepted as a student by Leonard Bernstein, during the premiere of his final opera, A Quiet Place, for Houston Grand Opera. Axelrod graduated cum laude in 1984 from St. John's School and went on to Harvard University, where he completed a Bachelor's Degree in Music in 1988. After a summer jazz course in 1985 he continued his jazz piano and improvisation studies with Craig Najjar at the Berklee School of Music in Boston. Axelrod moved to Los Angeles following his studies, working as an A&R Executive for Atlantic and RCA/BMG Records until 1991. He worked briefly as an artist manager for Iron John Management, started his own production company, "Ivy League Records", and eventually became Director of the Robert Mondavi Wine and Food Center in Costa Mesa, California in 1994. After deciding to return to music in 1995, he studied conducting at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in Russia with Ilya Musin. In 1996 Axelrod founded Houston's former Orchestra X where he served as Artistic Director and Conductor. He also studied with then Houston Symphony Music Director Christoph Eschenbach and became his assistant in 1999 at the Schleswig Holstein Music Festival and for Parsifal, at Bayreuth in 2000.
In 2004, Axelrod was named Chief Conductor of the Luzerner Sinfonieorchester and Music Director of the Luzern Theater in Switzerland. During his 5-year tenure he appeared at the Lucerne Festival each summer, performing in both concert and opera.
In April, 2009 Axelrod was elected as Music Director of the l'Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire (ONPL), based in Nantes and Angers, France. He assumed the title of Music Director Designé with the 2009–2010 season, and began his full duties as Music Director for the 2010–2011 season.
In July 2009, Axelrod was appointed Music Director of the Hollywood in Vienna Gala Concert with the Radio Symphony Orchestra Vienna. The first of his concert performances was on October 14, 2009, in the Konzerthaus of Vienna.
From the 2011/12 season, he is the Principal Conductor of the Orchestra Sinfonica "Giuseppe Verdi" also known as "laVerdi".
Axelrod has conducted over 150 orchestras around the world, including many of the world's leading orchestras such as, in Europe: the London Philharmonic, Royal Philharmonic, London Philharmonia, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra NDR Sinfonieorchester Hamburg, Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia Orchestra, Oslo Philharmonic, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte-Carlo, the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic, the Hungarian National Philharmonic, Swedish Radio Orchestra, Polish National Radio Orchestra, the Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra in St. Petersburg, at Vienna's Musikverein and Konzerthaus with the Vienna Radio Symphony, Gürzenich Orchestra Köln, Berlin's Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester, Orchestre National de Lyon, Camerata Salzburg, Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana, and the Salzburg Mozarteum. In Asia: the Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, NHK Symphony Orchestra and Kyoto Symphony; and in North America: the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and Toronto Symphony. He has also been a regular guest of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Orchestre de Paris, Dresden Philharmonic, NDR Radiophilharmonie of Hanover, Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI Torino, Orchestra del Teatro San Carlo di Napoli and Lisbon's Gulbenkian Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
During the summer of 2009 Axelrod made a unique European and North American tour at the invitation of Chinese pianist Lang Lang and legendary jazz musician Herbie Hancock, performing in such venues as the Montreux Jazz Festival Arena di Verona, Royal Albert Hall, the Ruhr Piano Festival, Rotterdam North Sea Jazz, the Ravenna Festival, the Ravinia Festival, the Mann Center, Massey Hall, and the Hollywood Bowl.
In 2010, Axelrod, as Music Director of the Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire, recorded with Swiss violinist Rachel Kolly d'Alba works by Chausson and Ravel for Warner Classics, released in 2011. This CD won the "ICMA 2012 Award" in the "concertos" category. (International Classical Music Awards) 
In 2011, Axelrod made to critical acclaim his Salzburg Festival debut with percussionist Martin Grubinger in a reprise of the marathon Concert they performed in 2006 in Vienna's Musikverein. Since then, Axelrod has made many tours with professional youth orchestras, including Accademia della Scala, Orchestra Giovanile Italiana, Junge Norddeutsche Philharmonie, and the Wiener Jeunesse Orchester.
Soloists whom Axelrod often works with include: Julia Fischer, Veronique Gens, Martin Grubinger, Thomas Hampson, Dietrich Henschel, Daniel Hope, Patricia Kopatchinskaya, Lang Lang, Sabine Meyer, Fazil Say, Rachel Kolly d'Alba, Lilya Zilberstein, and Ramón Vargas.
Axelrod has premiered many new works by such composers as Wolfgang Rihm (Sotte Voce II), Kaija Saariaho (Nymphea Reflection), Gabriel Prokoviev (Remix of Beethoven's 9th for electronica and Orchestra), Fazil Say (1001 Nights in a Harem), Marco Stroppa (Rittratti Senza Volto), Michael Gordon (Grey, Pink, Yellow), Karim al-Zand (7th Voyage of Sindbad), Anthony K. Brandt (Express), and Wojciech Kilar (September Symphony).
Axelrod's opera activity includes the premiere performances of Bernstein's Candide (directed by Robert Carsen) at Paris's Théâtre du Châtelet and Milano's Teatro alla Scala and the new production of Krenek's Kehraus um St. Stephan at the Bregenzer Festspiele. In his past seasons at the Luzerner Theater he conducted new productions of Kaiser von Atlantis (for the Lucerne Festival), Rigoletto, Rake's Progress (for the Lucerne Festival), Il Barbiere di Siviglia, Die Dreigroschenoper (for the Lucerne Festival), Evgeni Onegin, Idomeneo (for the Lucerne Festival), Falstaff and Don Giovanni (for the Lucerne Festival). In 2009, he also conducted Tristan and Isolde (directed by Olivier Py), for Angers/Nantes Opera. 2014 Opera performances include "Evgeni Onegin" at Teatro San Carlo di Napoli.
John Axelrod features in a number of audio and video recordings on YouTube. Axelrdo's most recent recordings include "Brahms Beloved", Brahms Symphony cycle performed by LaVerdi with Clara Schumann lieder, featuring Axelrod on piano and vocalists Indra Thomas, Nicole Cabell, Wolfgang Holzmair and Dame Felicity Lott (released in 2013 on Telarc International), "French Impressions" : works for violin and Orchestra, Rachel Kolly d'Alba, Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire by Ravel, Saint-Saëns, Chausson, Eugène Ysaÿe (released 2011 on Warner Classics), "American Serenade" : works for violin and Orchestra by Bernstein, Gershwin, Waxman, with Rachel Kolly d'Alba John Axelrod (released 2012 on Warner Classics), Berlioz and Ravel with Veronique Gens released in 2011 on Ondine; Gorecki Symphony 3 with the Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra and soprano Isabel Baryakdarian on Sony Classics, Wolfgang Rihm's newly commissioned piano concerto "Sotto Voce II" (together with Sotto Voce I) with pianist Nicolas Hodges and the Luzerner Sinfonie Orchester on the Kairos Label; Fazil Say's new violin concerto "1001 Nights in a Harem" with Patricia Kopatchinskaya and the Luzerner Sinfonie Orchester on Naive; 2 discs featuring works by Franz Schreker and his students Ernst Krenek and Julius Burger, and a live recording from the 2006 Lucerne Festival of Bernstein's "Third Symphony" ('Kaddish'), Schoenberg's "Survivor from Warsaw", and Weill's "Berliner Requiem", all with the Luzerner Sinfonie Orchester for the Nimbus label; Dvořák's Ninth Symphony with the Württemburgischer Philharmonie Reutlingen for the Genuin label; Works by Wladyslaw Szpilman with the Berlin Radio Orchestra for SonyClassical; and Rolf Wallin's percussion concerto "Das war schön!" with Martin Grubinger and the Oslo Philharmonic for the Ondine label.
Recent DVDs include: the 2007 Emmy Award winning BBC Holocaust: A Musical Memorial, for which Axelrod and Sinfoneitta Cracovia were the first orchestra to perform on the grounds of Auschwitz since its liberation; the 2008 ARTE production of Die Nacht, featuring Symphonie Fantastique and Sinfonietta Cracovia, and the 2008 Bregenzer Festpiele production of Krenek's opera, Kerhaus um St. Stephan. Axelrod has also released a recording of his own compositions, How Do I Love Thee, Love Songs for the Romantic at Heart, on the Marquis Classics Label.
Axelrod is also co-owner of AD Productions and the recording: "ClassicalRock," featuring the best hits of Classical and the best hits of Classic Rock. Released in 2012 by In-Akustik, ClassicalRock will be performed in Montreux on April 5, 2014 as part of La Saison Culturelle.
In 2012, Axelrod also authored the book: "Wie Großartige Musik Ensteht...Oder Auch Nicht. Ansichten des Dirigenten," published the Henschel/Schott. After "Spiegel Online" declared the success of this book, Naxos ebooks published in 2013 the original English version "The Symphony Orchestra in Crisis: A Conductor's View." 
Honors and awards
John Axelrod was awarded the Pacesetter Award by Fast Company Magazine  and was named one of Houston's 25 Power People by Inside Houston magazine. He was also a member of Leadership Houston Class XVIII, and is a member of the Franco-American Foundation.
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- John Axelrod official website
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- Hollywood in Vienna YouTube
- Montreux Jazz Festival 2009 Press Conference: John Axelrod, Herbie Hancock, and Lang Lang
- Ravenna Festival with Herbie Hancock and Lang Lang
- Roxanna Panufnik’s “Abraham” with Daniel Hope
- Schedule Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire
- Youtube Fazil Say / 1001 Nights in the Harem
- Youtube Sinfonietta Cracovia
- Youtube Symphonie Fantastique