Ian Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford

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For other people named Ian Russell, see Ian Russell (disambiguation).
The Duke of Bedford
13th Duke of Bedford 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Portrait taken by Allan Warren
Born (1917-05-24)24 May 1917
Died 25 October 2002(2002-10-25) (aged 85)
Title Duke of Bedford
Tenure 9 October 1953 – 25 October 2002
Other titles 13th Marquess of Tavistock
17th Earl of Bedford
17th Baron Russell
15th Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
13th Baron Howland
Successor Robin Russell, 14th Duke
Spouse(s) Clare Gwendolen Hollway (née Bridgman)
Issue Henry Robin Ian Russell
Rudolf Russell
Francis Hastings Russell
Parents Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford
Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell

John Ian Robert Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford (24 May 1917 – 25 October 2002), styled Lord Howland until 1940 and Marquess of Tavistock between 1940 and 1953, was a British peer and writer.

Background and education[edit]

Russell was the son of Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford. He had a very strained relationship with his father and grandfather, who during his early years refused to give him the allowance he felt would be appropriate for a future Duke; his father eventually tied up most of the Bedford fortune in trust so that he could not borrow against it.[1]

The 13th Duke was known in his youth as Ian, with the courtesy title Lord Howland. In 1940 his father succeeded to the dukedom and Lord Howland acquired the courtesy title Marquess of Tavistock.

Career[edit]

Russell started his career as a rent collector in 1938, in Stepney. He then joined the Coldstream Guards in 1939 and fought in the Second World War between 1939 and 1940, but left the army after being invalided. He then turned to journalism and became a reporter for the Daily Express in 1940. He published:

  • A Silver-Plated Spoon (1959)
  • The Duke of Bedford's Book of Snobs (1965)
  • The Flying Duchess (1968)
  • How to Run a Stately Home (1971)

Russell was the first Duke of Bedford to open Woburn Abbey up to the public, a move that alienated him from many of his peers.[2]

He was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1985.[3]

Family[edit]

Bedford married Clare Gwendolen (née Bridgman) Hollway (1903–1945) on 6 April 1939. She died of a drug overdose in 1945. They had two children:

On 13 February 1947, Lord Tavistock married as his second wife, Lydia Lyle (born 17 October 1917 – died 25 July 2006), daughter of John Yarde-Buller, 3rd Baron Churston and the former Denise Orme, and widow of Capt. Ian Archibald de Hoghton Lyle (1909–1942), heir to a baronetcy; she had two children by her first marriage. They were divorced in 1960. They had one child:

  • Lord Francis Hastings Russell (b. 27 February 1950)

Bedford married, thirdly, Nicole (Schneider) Milinaire (29 June 1920 – 7 September 2012) on 4 September 1960. There were no children from this marriage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Russell, A Silver-Plated Spoon (1959).
  2. ^ John Russell, The Duke of Bedford's Book of Snobs 87 (1965).
  3. ^ Vanity Fair

External links[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Hastings Russell
Duke of Bedford
1953–2002
Succeeded by
Robin Russell