John Steele (paratrooper)

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John Steele
Steelejohn.jpg
Born (1912-11-29)November 29, 1912
Metropolis, Illinois, U.S.
Died May 16, 1969(1969-05-16) (aged 56)
Fayetteville, North Carolina, U.S.
Allegiance  United States
Rank Private
Awards Bronze Star
Purple Heart
Monument to John Steele who was caught on the church spire during D-Day

Private John M. Steele (born November 29, 1912 in Metropolis, Illinois – died May 16, 1969 in Fayetteville, NC) was the American paratrooper who landed on the church tower in Sainte-Mère-Église, the first village in Normandy liberated by the Americans on D-Day, June 6, 1944. He was made famous in the movie, The Longest Day.

The operation[edit]

On the night before D-Day (June 5–6, 1944), American soldiers of the 82nd Airborne parachuted into the area west of Ste-Mère-Église in successive waves. The town had been the target of an aerial attack and a stray incendiary bomb had set fire to a house east of the town square. The church bell was rung to alert the town of the emergency and townspeople turned out in large numbers to form a bucket brigade supervised by members of the German garrison. By 0100 hours, the town square was well lit and filled with German soldiers and villagers when two sticks (planeloads of paratroopers) from the 1st and 2nd battalions were dropped in error directly over the village.

The paratroopers were easy targets, and Steele was one of only a few non-casualties. His parachute was caught in one of the pinnacles of the church tower, causing the cables on his parachute to stretch to their full length, leaving him hanging on the side of the church to witness the carnage. The wounded paratrooper hung there limply for two hours, pretending to be dead, before the Germans took him prisoner. Steele later escaped from the Germans and rejoined his division when US troops of the 3rd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment attacked the village capturing thirty Germans and killing another eleven. For these actions and his wounds, Steele was awarded the Bronze Star for valor and the Purple Heart for being wounded in combat.

Later life[edit]

Though injured, Private Steele survived his ordeal. He continued to visit the town throughout his life and was an honorary citizen of Ste. Mère Église. The tavern, Auberge John Steele, stands adjacent to the square and maintains his memory through photos, letters and articles hung on its walls. Steele died of throat cancer on May 16, 1969 in Fayetteville, NC just three weeks short of the 25th anniversary of the D-Day invasion.

Commemoration[edit]

Stained glass window in the chapel of Sainte-Mère-Église depicting the Virgin Mary and three paratroopers, one of which is John Steele.

Today, these events are commemorated by the Airborne Forces Museum in Place du 6 June in the centre of Ste-Mère-Église and in the village church where a parachute with an effigy of Private Steele in his Airborne uniform hangs from the steeple. Bullet holes are still visible in the church's stone walls. Inside, there are stained glass windows, with one depicting the Virgin Mary with paratroopers falling in the foreground.

Film portrayal[edit]

Steele is portrayed by Red Buttons in the film The Longest Day. Darryl Zanuck's movie was made after the Cornelius Ryan book of the same name.

External links[edit]