Metropolis, Illinois

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Coordinates: 37°9′12″N 88°43′31″W / 37.15333°N 88.72528°W / 37.15333; -88.72528
Metropolis
City
Curtis House Metropolis IL.JPG
Elijah P. Curtis House in Metropolis.
Country United States
State Illinois
County Massac
Coordinates 37°9′12″N 88°43′31″W / 37.15333°N 88.72528°W / 37.15333; -88.72528
Area 5.98 sq mi (15 km2)
 - land 5.87 sq mi (15 km2)
 - water 0.11 sq mi (0 km2)
Density 1,295.1 / sq mi (500 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62960
Area code 618
Location of Metropolis within Illinois
Location of Metropolis within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Metropolis, Illinois

Metropolis is a city located along the Ohio River in Massac County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 6,482. It is the county seat of Massac County.[1] Metropolis is part of the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area and is located in Southern Illinois.

History[edit]

Located on the Ohio River, the Metropolis area has been settled by many different peoples throughout history. For thousands of years, varying cultures of American Indians populated the area. The most complex society was the Mississippian culture, which reached its peak around 1100 AD and built a large city at Cahokia, near the Mississippi River and present-day Collinsville, Illinois to the north opposite St. Louis, Missouri. Its people built large earthworks and related structures, many of which have been preserved and protected at the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mississippian culture regional centers arose throughout the Ohio and lower Mississippian valleys, where the rivers were part of widespread trading routes used for exchange with other cultures.

In 1757, Massac County was settled by a French expedition, which built Fort De L'Ascension for use during the French and Indian War against the British (the war is also known as the Seven Years' War, which took place largely in Europe.) The garrison at the fort was able to resist a Cherokee attack during the war. Afterward the defeated French abandoned the fort, and many moved west of the Mississippi River to escape British rule. When the victorious British colonists arrived to take control of territory ceded by the French, the Chickasaw had already destroyed the fort.

During the American Revolutionary War, the mostly ethnic French residents of the town were sympathetic to the rebels. Afterward in 1794, President George Washington ordered Fort Massac reconstructed, at a strategic site high above the Ohio River. In 1811-12, the fort was severely damaged by the New Madrid earthquake. Rather than rebuild, the US military abandoned the facility in 1814, as its forces were needed further west. Local settlers scavenged the timbers and left little behind of the original construction materials.

This section of the state was largely settled by migrants from the Upper South, and many brought slaves with them. It was years after Illinois was admitted as a free state that all such slaves gained their freedom. In 1843, the Illinois Legislature formed Massac County. The McCartney family became leaders in building the town of Metropolis.

Prior to the American Civil War, some groups worked to establish a Western District of Columbia, to include present-day Metropolis and the nearby area of Kentucky. An 1850 map illustrates this proposal.

During the early years of the American Civil War, soldiers were encamped in the vicinity. Although Illinois was established as a free state, this section had many southern sympathizers. Despite this background, the state stayed with the Union during the war.

During the twentieth century, agriculture has continued to be the economic driver of the region. The state's authorization of riverboat gambling led to Metropolis becoming the site of the Harrah's Metropolis casino/hotel, a riverboat casino frequented by visitors from around the region. Tourism is one of the city's largest industries.[2]

Metropolis is also the site of the Honeywell Uranium Hexafluoride Processing Facility, which converts milled uranium into uranium hexafluoride for nuclear reactors.[3]

In popular culture[edit]

  • On January 21, 1972 DC Comics declared Metropolis the "Hometown of Superman".
  • On June 9, 1972 the Illinois State Legislature passed Resolution 572 that declared Metropolis the "Hometown of Superman," the comic book superhero who is based in the fictional city of Metropolis.[4]
  • The city has erected a large Superman statue, and fans created a small Superman museum. The city holds an annual Superman Celebration held the second weekend in June.
  • The local newspaper is named The Metropolis Planet, inspired by The Daily Planet, the fictional paper in Superman's Metropolis.
  • The 2005 album Illinois from indie musician Sufjan Stevens features a track entitled "The Man of Metropolis Steals Our Hearts."

Geography[edit]

1850 map showing the proposed Western District of Columbia.

Metropolis is located at 37°9′12″N 88°43′31″W / 37.15333°N 88.72528°W / 37.15333; -88.72528 (37.153332, -88.725374).[5]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 5.98 square miles (15.5 km2), of which 5.87 square miles (15.2 km2) (or 98.16%) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) (or 1.84%) is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 6,482 people, 2,896 households, and 1,708 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,295.1 people per square mile (499.5/km²). There were 3,265 housing units at an average density of 652.3 per square mile (251.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.53% White, 7.61% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.74% of the population.

There were 2,896 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 24.8% ages 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,371, and the median income for a family was $33,979. Males had a median income of $27,630 versus $17,561 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,967. About 12.5% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Metropolis is served by Interstate 24, which runs from Chattanooga, Tennessee northwest to St. Louis, Missouri via Interstates 57 and 64. It is also served by U.S. Route 45, which runs geographically east-west through the area but runs north to Chicago and south to Paducah, and is signed north-south.

Illinois Route 145 lies east of the city and serves remote areas of nearby Shawnee National Forest.

Metropolis is served by the Paducah & Illinois Railroad, jointly owned by Canadian National Railway, BNSF Railway, and the Paducah & Louisville Railway, crossing the Ohio River on the Metropolis Bridge.

Healthcare[edit]

Metropolis is home to Massac Memorial Hospital, a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital that opened in 1956. Originally shaped like a cross, the hospital is located on the northwest side of town. The Hospital has undergone several renovations and additions to make updates to the original facility. Current services offered include Ambulance, Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cardiopulmonary, Emergency Department, Imaging, Laboratory, Massac Memorial Medical Clinic, Rehabilitation Services, Sleep Disorders Center, Specialty Clinic, Surgery, and Transitional Care.[8] A Fresenius Medical Care Dialysis Center was constructed on the campus and opened in 2009.[9]

Notable people[edit]

Metropolis vs. Smallville[edit]

The city of Metropolis in the Superman saga is typically depicted as a large American city, such as Chicago or New York City (although Joe Shuster, the original artist and co-creator of the comic book series, based Metropolis on his hometown of Toronto).[11]

The town of Metropolis, Illinois is much more like Superman's adoptive midwestern home town of Smallville. The only movie theater in Metropolis has closed. Residents who want to see a theatrical release of a Superman film, ostensibly set in their town's fictional namesake, must travel to another town (typically Paducah, Kentucky) to do so.[12]

The real town of Metropolis is portrayed in one Superman comic-book story, specifically "Superman #92", in a story titled "Massacre in Metropolis!" (which is continued into "Adventures of Superman #515"), as a town whose citizens idolize, what is to them, the real-life Man of Steel. A villain named Massacre arrives in the town, having gotten lost and thinking he was in the "other" Metropolis, the city where Superman actually lives. He attacks a security guard and threatens many citizens in order to get proper directions to Superman's Metropolis.

Superman references[edit]

Photo of the Superman Museum from the main street.

In DC Comics, Superman resides in a city called "Metropolis", and hence, Metropolis, Illinois has a giant statue of him on a main street in downtown Metropolis. The statue is located in front of the town courthouse. They hold a celebration annually in June called "The Superman Celebration" where comic book collectors come from all over the United States. Although Superman's Metropolis is usually used as an allegory for New York City, and in Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman is located in the fictional state of New Troy, one Adventures of Superman episode actually alludes to Superman living in Illinois. In the first season episode "A Night of Terror" Jimmy Olsen and Clark Kent make plans to go see a Chicago White Sox game. Since Jimmy doesn't know Clark's secret identity, it is reasonable to assume that they plan on driving across the state as opposed to flying halfway across the country. Metropolis, Illinois was founded in 1839.[13]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Harrah's Metropolis". Harrah's Casino. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  3. ^ Dan Frosch, "In Superman’s Hometown, a Labor Dispute Over Health", New York Times, August 8, 2010.
  4. ^ Southern Illinois
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Massac Memorial Hospital". ’’U.S. News and World Report’'. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Massac Memorial Hospital". City of Massac. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  10. ^ Patrick J. Sauer, "Behind the Scenes Companies: At the Heart of Everyday Life", Inc. Magazine, 1 Oct 2008, accessed 14 Dec 2010
  11. ^ "Fictional City of Metropolis". The Superman Super Site. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Metropolis, Ill., Basks in Ties to the Man of Steel"--story broadcast on National Public Radio's Morning Edition, Tuesday, 2006-06-27
  13. ^ City of Metropolis - History

External links[edit]