John Walsh, 1st Baron Ormathwaite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named John Walsh, see John Walsh (disambiguation).

John Benn Walsh, 1st Baron Ormathwaite (9 December 1798 – 3 April 1881), known as Sir John Walsh, Bt, between 1825 and 1868, was a British politician.

Early life[edit]

He was born at Warfield Park, near Bracknell in Berkshire, the only son of Sir John Walsh, 1st Baronet, and Margaret, daughter of Joseph Fowke, of Bexley, Kent, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Walsh.[1] His father was originally named John Benn but had assumed the surname of Walsh in lieu of his patronymic in 1795, in accordance with the will of his wife's uncle Sir John Walsh (1726–1795), who left him a fortune made in India, including estates in Berkshire and Radnorshire, and also large holdings in Ireland, mainly in Cork and Kerry.

He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, matriculating in 1816. He inherited the Radnorshire from his mother on attaining his majority in 1819 and also inherited his father's Cumbria estates on his death in 1825. By 1874 his total acreage in Radnorshire had reached 12,500. He also visited his Irish estates regularly over 40 years, and made great efforts to increase the profits. He had the reputation in Ireland of being a harsh and exacting landlord, but his diary shows that he saw himself as a benevolent overseer of his tenants, whom he rewarded for hard work, while ruthlessly evicting those who would not work.

Political career[edit]

He served as High Sheriff of Berkshire and High Sheriff of Radnorshire for 1823. He then sat as Member of Parliament for Sudbury between 1830 and 1835 and 1838 and 1840 and for Radnorshire between 1840 and 1868. He also served as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Radnorshire from 1842 to 1875. In 1868 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Ormathwaite, of Ormathwaite in the County of Cumberland.[2]

He issued numerous pamphlets, amongst which were:

  • The Poor Laws in Ireland (1830)
  • Observations on the Ministerial Plan of Reform (1831)
  • On the Present Balance of Parties in the State (1832)
  • Chapters of Contemporary History (1836)
  • Political Back-Games (1871)
  • Astronomy and Geology Compared (1872)
  • Lessons of the French Revolution, 1789-1872 (1873).

Family[edit]

Lord Ormathwaite married Jane, daughter of George Grey, 6th Earl of Stamford, in 1825. They had two sons and two daughters. He died at Warfield in April 1881, aged 82, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Arthur.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Bethell Walrond
John Norman Macleod
Member of Parliament for Sudbury
1830–1835
With: Bethell Walrond 1830–1831
Digby Cayley Wrangham 1831–1832
Michael Angelo Taylor 1832–1834
Sir Edward Barnes 1834–1835
Succeeded by
John Bagshaw
Benjamin Smith
Preceded by
Sir Edward Barnes
Joseph Bailey
Member of Parliament for Sudbury
1838–1840
With: Joseph Bailey
Succeeded by
Joseph Bailey
George Tomline
Preceded by
Walter Wilkins
Member of Parliament for Radnorshire
1840–1868
Succeeded by
Hon. Arthur Walsh
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert East
High Sheriff of Berkshire
1823
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Saxton
Preceded by
The Lord Rodney
Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire
1842–1875
Succeeded by
The Lord Ormathwaite
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Ormathwaite
1868–1881
Succeeded by
Arthur Walsh
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Walsh
Baronet
1825–1881
Succeeded by
Arthur Walsh