Jonathan Shapiro

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Jonathan Shapiro
Jonathan Shapiro 01.JPG
Shapiro at the Göteborg Book Fair 2010
Born Cape Town
Nationality South African
Other names Zapiro
Occupation Cartoonist

Jonathan Shapiro, born 1958 in Cape Town, is a South African cartoonist, famous as Zapiro, whose work appears in numerous South African publications and has been exhibited internationally on many occasions. He is the nephew of British magician David Berglas and cousin to Marvin Berglas, director of Marvin's Magic.

Early life[edit]

Jonathan was born in Cape Town to Gershon and Gaby Shapiro. He studied architecture at the University of Cape Town but found it unsatisfying and moved to the art campus, Michaelis. Shortly after this he was conscripted into the army for two years, where he refused to carry arms. In 1983 he became active in the newly formed anti-Apartheid movement, the United Democratic Front and as a result was arrested under the Illegal Gatherings Act and, subsequently, monitored by military intelligence. Zapiro was an important participant in South Africa's End Conscription Campaign, designing its logo. After his military service he applied for and was awarded a Fulbright scholarship to study cartooning at the School of Visual Arts in New York for two years.

The name Zapiro was derived from the nickname of a fellow pupil at Rondebosch Boys' High School, Martin Szapiro, whose friends called him Zap. After Martin's death in a mountaineering accident, Zapiro chose this name. The first Zapiro character was a character named Preppy, whose main characteristic was his "kuif" (fringe), and who commented on issues that went on around school.

Work[edit]

Zapiro drafts a cartoon of Nelson Mandela at the Göteborg Book Fair 2010.

Jonathan started out as the editorial cartoonist of South in 1987. In 1988 Jonathan was detained shortly before leaving on a Fulbright Scholarship to study media arts at the School of Visual Arts in New York. There he studied under the comics masters Art Spiegelman, Will Eisner and Harvey Kurtzman.

Subsequently, Zapiro started out as the editorial cartoonist for South newspaper in 1987, and after his stint in New York he was the editorial cartoonist for the Sowetan from 1994 to 2005. His cartoons appeared in the Cape Argus from 1996 to 1997. He has been the editorial cartoonist for the Mail & Guardian since 1994, the Sunday Times since 1998 and since September 2005 he has appeared three times a week in the Cape Times, the Star, the Mercury and the Pretoria News.[1]

Zapiro's work appears daily on the website of South African independent news publication, Mail & Guardian and weekly on the site of the Sunday Times.

Zapiro's caricatures also appear in the form of puppets on the satirical television and web show ZANEWS, a Spitting Image type of programme he helped launch in 2009 alongside producer Thierry Cassuto.

Zapiro has published 20 annual cartoon collections:

  • The Madiba Years (1996)
  • The Hole Truth (1997)
  • End of Part One (1998)
  • Call Mr Delivery (1999)
  • The Devil Made Me Do It! (2000)
  • The ANC Went in 4x4 (2001)
  • Bushwhacked (2002)
  • Dr Do-Little and the African Potato (2003)
  • Long Walk to Free Time (2004)
  • Is There a Spin Doctor in the House? (2005)
  • Da Zuma Code (2006)
  • Take Two Veg and Call Me in the Morning (2007)
  • Pirates of Polokwane (2008)
  • The Mandela Files (2008) – Large Format Hardcover
  • Don't Mess with the President's Head (2009)
  • Do You Know Who I Am?! (2010)[2]
  • The Last Sushi (2011)
  • But Will It Stand Up in Court? (2012)
  • The Big Fat Gupta Wedding (2013)
  • Vuvuzela Nation – Zapiro on SA Sport 1995 – 2013 (2013)
  • Democrazy (2014)[3]

Awards and exhibitions[edit]

Shapiro became the first cartoonist to win a category prize in the CNN African Journalist of the Year Awards in 2001, and was awarded the Mondi Newspaper Award for Graphic Journalism in both 2003 and 2004. That same year he was made an Honorary Doctor of Literature by the University of Transkei. In 2005 Shapiro won the Principal Prince Claus Award.

He has held solo cartoon exhibitions in New York, London and Frankfurt and many in South Africa, and has also exhibited in numerous group shows locally and internationally. His exhibition "Jiving with Madiba" was held at the South African Jewish Museum in Cape Town from 14 July to 27 November 2011. He has been an invited participant in cartoon events in Cameroon, Botswana, Australia, France, the UK, the Netherlands and Italy. In 2003 he was Africa's only representative amongst cartoonists invited to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, and he attended the forum again in 2004–2006.[4]

In 2007, he received the Courage in Editorial Cartooning Award at the annual Cartoonists Rights Network International dinner, capping the 50th Anniversary Convention of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists. At the South African Cartoonists Awards in 2008 he won the Best Humorist Cartoon award.[5] In 2009, the Media Institute of Southern Africa awarded Zapiro its MISA Press Freedom Award for his two decades of humour and satire in South Africa.[6]

He was awarded the Freedom to Publish Prize by the International Publishers Association in 2012.[7]

Criticism[edit]

In 2003, Zapiro made headlines when members of the Faith and Politics Institute, an American organisation, lodged complaints against three of the cartoons at an exhibition for visiting American congressional representatives as well as members of the institute. The cartoons in question depicted former American president Bill Clinton and US policies of "trade and not aid", and President George W. Bush with a raised middle finger in a comment on American unilateralism and Bush's stance on the World Summit on Sustainable Development.[8]

In 2006, former Deputy President of South Africa Jacob Zuma furthered his claim of being "tried by the media" and has threatened to bring defamation action against various elements of the press for remarks that he alleges are defamatory. Approximately R15 million of the R63 million rand demanded by his legal representatives are in connection with Zapiro cartoons.

In 2008, Zapiro met with further animosity, this time from the South African ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC) over a cartoon that appeared in the Sunday Times on 7 September 2008. The cartoon depicts a scene where the ANC president's (Jacob Zuma) staunchest supporters (ANC Youth League president Julius Malema, secretary general of the ANC – Gwede Mantashe, SACP secretary general Blade Nzimande and Cosatu secretary general Zwelinzima Vavi) are holding down Lady Justice, while Jacob Zuma is in a state of undress getting ready to "rape" Lady Justice.[9] Mantashe, who is shown in the cartoon with a speech bubble containing "Go for it, boss", labelled the cartoon "racist", while ANC spokesperson Jesse Duarte said the cartoon is "vile, crude and disgusting". Zapiro refuses to apologise for the cartoon. The African National Congress, the South African Communist Party and the ANC Youth League released the joint statement.[10] as a formal response to The Sunday Times, while the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) issued a separate press statement[11]

On 21 May 2010 the Mail and Guardian published a strip from Zapiro depicting the prophet Muhammed, as part of Everyone Draw mohammad day.[12][13] On 20 May 2010, the M&G had won an eleventh-hour court bid by the Council of Muslim Theologians to bar the publication of the cartoon.[14] A week later, Zapiro released another cartoon in response to the various reactions to the original cartoon. In it he says that he will have to accept that exceptions will have to be made in regard to 'religious censorship'.[15] This was seen by some as a statement that he felt that his freedom of speech would have to have been limited because of those that were insulted by his cartoon which had graphically depicted the prophet Mohamed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zapiro's own website
  2. ^ Zapiro's own website
  3. ^ "Zapiro Democrazy Father's Day Offer". Zapiro.com. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Who's Who SA
  5. ^ Zapiro's own website
  6. ^ "MISA Press Freedom Award: Previous winners". Media Institute of Southern Africa. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  7. ^ International Publishers Association (IPA)'s official web page: IPA Freedom to Publish Prize 2012 recipient
  8. ^ Naidoo, Aneshree (3 June 2003). "Zapiro censored". Mail&Guardian online. Retrieved 20 September 2008. 
  9. ^ Shapiro, Jonathan (8 September 2008). "cartoon". Sunday Times. Retrieved 20 September 2008. 
  10. ^ "ANC, SACP and Youth league statement on the Sunday Times". ANC. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2008. 
  11. ^ Patrick, Craven (5 September 2008). "COSATU condemns Zapiro cartoon". COSATU. Retrieved 20 September 2008. [dead link]
  12. ^ Zapiro for May 21, 2010
  13. ^ "Uproar over M&G prophet Muhammad cartoon"
  14. ^ M&G defends Mohammad cartoon
  15. ^ Zapiro for May 28, 2010

External links[edit]