Josefina Vázquez Mota

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Josefina Vázquez Mota
JVM-MX.jpg
President of the Political Coordination Board of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
September 5, 2010 – August 31, 2011
Preceded by Francisco Rojas Gutiérrez
Succeeded by Armando Ríos Piter
Coordinator of the Parliamentary Group of the National Action Party
In office
September 1, 2009 – September 6, 2011
Preceded by Héctor Larios Córdova
Succeeded by Francisco Javier Ramírez Acuña
Secretary of Public Education
In office
December 1, 2006 – April 4, 2009
President Felipe Calderón
Preceded by Reyes Tamez Guerra
Succeeded by Alonso Lujambio
Secretary of Social Development
In office
December 1, 2000 – January 6, 2006
President Vicente Fox
Preceded by Carlos Jarque
Succeeded by Ana Teresa Aranda
Personal details
Born (1961-01-20) January 20, 1961 (age 53)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political party National Action Party
Spouse(s) Sergio Ocampo Muñoz
Children 3
Alma mater Iberoamerican University
Panamerican University
Mexico Autonomous Institute of Technology
Website Official website

Josefina Eugenia Vázquez Mota (About this sound pronunciation  [xo̞.se̞'fi.na'βas.ke̞s'mo̞.ta]) (born January 20, 1961 in Mexico City) is a Mexican businesswoman and politician who was the presidential candidate of the National Action Party (PAN) for the 2012 elections. Vázquez Mota was trained as an economist and began her working career in family businesses and with various business organizations and conferences, also working as a journalist and writing books. She began her political career with the PAN organization, becoming involved in Mexico’s federal Chamber of Deputies of Mexico and then in the administrations of Vicente Fox and Felipe Calderón. She is PAN's first female candidate for president.

Background[edit]

Vázquez Mota was born in Mexico City on January 20, 1961. Her parents, Arnulfo Vázquez and Josefina Mota are from the Sierra Norte de Puebla region of Mexico, and she has seven brothers and sisters.[1][2] She says she is closest to her sister Lupita. When they were children they use to sell chocolate shakes on the street with a blender Josefina received for Day of the Magi.[3]

Vázquez Mota spent the first five years of her childhood in a working-class neighborhood called Colonia 20 de Noviembre in Mexico City and began her education in public school, starting at “La Patria es Primero” school in the Azcapotzalco borough.[1] Her father originally wanted her to attend an all-girls high school, even paying a full year’s tuition in advance. While she did begin high school there, Josefina convinced her parents to let her take the entrance exam and enter CECyT 9 vocational school, affiliated with the Instituto Politécnico Nacional .[3][4] Josefina was studious in school with an affinity for mathematics.[3] She studied at the private Universidad Iberoamericana, graduating with a degree in economics.[2][5] Other university studies include courses in management at the Instituto Panamericano de Alta Dirección de Empresas as well as a program called Ideas e Instituciones at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México .[5]

She met her husband, Sergio Ocampo Muñoz, a computer specialist, while in high school and married in 1984 after seven years of courtship.[3][5] The couple has three children, María José, Celia María and Montserrat.[6] She maintains a very strict diet and exercise regimen, which led to speculation that she was bulimic or anorexic, which she denies.[3]

Non-political career[edit]

Josefina Vázquez Mota talking to the media.

Vázquez Mota began to get involved in economic conferences due to a friend of her father’s with the Cámara de Comercio de la Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico City Chamber of Commerce) and has since been involved with various organizations and conferences in various parts of the world, especially Latin America.[3] She worked for business organizations such as the Confederación de Cámaras Nacionales de Comercio, Servicios y Turismo (Concanaco) and the Confederación Patronal de la República Méxicana (Coparmex) .[5]

For a time in her career, she worked as a journalist on economic topics for Novedades de México, El Financiero and El Economista .[2][5] In the 1980s, Josefina and her family moved to Chihuahua to attend some of the family businesses including a clothing store for children.[3]

She has published two books. The first was “¡Dios Mío! Házme viuda por favor” (My God! Make me a widow!) It is a self-help book that she wrote while in Chihuahua and while traveling to various conferences. It was first published in Colombia then in Mexico, as there was some hesitation over the title. Despite editors’ desire to change the title to something less controversial, Josefina insisted on keeping it. The book has sold over 400,000 copies.[3][6] Her second book is called "Nuestra oportunidad. Un México para todos" (Our opportunity. A México for everyone), which is a dialogue with twenty two international leaders.[5] She did a business show for TV Azteca.[3]

Political career[edit]

Leaders and members of the National Action Party supporting the nomination of Josefina for president.

Vázquez Mota began her political career with PAN with the Asociación Coordinadora Ciudadana and a member of the Secretaría de la Mujer.[2] In 1996, she was asked to return to Mexico City to become a representative in Mexico’s federal legislature (Cámara de Diputados), because of her economics expertise. At this time, she met the then president of PAN, Felipe Calderón .[3] She was elected to the 2000-2003 federal legislature (Cámara de Diputados), leading the sub-coordination of Economic Policy.[2][5] She was then appointed as the first female secretary of Desarrollo Social (Social Development) known by its Spanish acronym of SEDESOL.[2][5] While discrete, it was known that she did not get along with then First Lady Martha Sahagún .[3] She remained in that position until 2006, when she resigned to work for the Calderón campaign.[2][5]

In 2006, she was named campaign coordinator for Felipe Calderón. She was not part of Calderón’s inner circle which caused some disputes during the campaign.[3] When Calderón won, she was part of the transition team as the Coordinator of Political ties (Enlace Político) .[2] After the election, she was named Secretary of Public Education, the first woman in the job.[2][5] Josefina had vied for the Secretaría de Gobernación position but she was offered to return to SEDESOL or to head the Secretariat of Public Education. She chose the latter as a new challenge. Her time there was marked by confrontations with the powerful head of the national teachers’ union, Elba Esther Gordillo. Some reports state that these confrontations caused problems with Calderon’s advisors with Calderon ready to remove her from the position, but this has not been confirmed.[3] She won election to the Cámara de Diputados once again, this time becoming the Coordinator of the PAN Parliamentary Group.[2][5] This gave her position to run for her party’s nomination for the 2012 presidential elections.[3] She was in charge of PAN’s parliamentary group from 2009 to 2011.[5]

In 2011, she left the legislature to when she won her party’s nomination as candidate for president.[2][5] She won the nomination over Calderón’s choice of Ernesto J. Cordero, with 55% of the vote in the primary.[7] She is the first female candidate for president of PAN,[6] and is the first female candidate for president from a major political party in Mexico’s history.[7] She is running not only as “different” from the other contenders but also different from her party, which has been in power for the past twelve years. She is the least-known of the candidates from Mexico’s three main parties (PAN, PRI and PRD) .[7]

One of her campaign pledges is life sentences for politicians found guilty of corruption related to organized crime, more scholarships for students and labor law reform which she states will incorporate 400,000 people each year into the formal economy. She has also promised to fight discrimination against women.[5] She has not come out against the policies of her predecessors, Calderón and Fox.[1] and states that military personnel should be withdrawn only when the area has a “trustworthy” police force.[5] She is also the National Political Advisor (Consejera Política Nacional) of PAN.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ernesto Núñez (September 21, 2011). "'Quiere ser diferente, pero...'" [She wants to be different, but...]. El Norte (in Spanish) (Monterrey, Mexico). p. 3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Biografía (perfil) de Josefina Vázquez Mota" [Biography (profile) of Josefina Vázquez Mota] (in Spanish). Mexico City: Political Real. 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mariana Guzmán Martínez (September 21, 2011). "Josefina Vazquez Mota". TV Azteca (in Spanish) (Mexico City). Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Josefina Vazquez Mota". La Región (in Spanish) (Tula, Hidalgo). November 29, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Vázquez Mota, virtual candidata del PAN a la Presidencia (perfil)" [Vázquez Mota, PAN’s virtual candidate for president]. Milenio (in Spanish) (Mexico City). February 6, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "Biografía de Josefina Vázquez" [Biography of Josefina Vázquez]. Univision (in Spanish) (Miami). April 30, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c Shannon K. O'Neil (February 8, 2012). "Vázquez Mota and the 2012 Mexican Election". Foreign Affairs magazine. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos Jarque
Secretary of Social Development
2000–2005
Succeeded by
Ana Teresa Aranda
Preceded by
Reyes Tamez Guerra
Secretary of Education
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Alonso Lujambio
Party political offices
Preceded by
Felipe Calderón
National Action Party nominee for President of Mexico
2012 (lost)
Most recent