Juan de Grijalva

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Juan de Grijalva

Juan de Grijalva (born around 1489 in Cuéllar, Crown of Castille - 21 January 1527 in Nicaragua) was a Spanish conquistador. Some authors[who?] said he was from the same family as Diego Velázquez. He went to Hispaniola in 1508 and to Cuba in 1511.

Grijalva was one of the earliest to explore the shores of Mexico. According to Hernán Cortés, 170 people went with him, but according to Pedro Mártir, there were 300 people. The main pilot was Antón de Alaminos, the other pilots were Juan Álvarez (also known as el Manquillo), Pedro Camacho de Triana, and Grijalva. Other members included Francisco de Montejo, Pedro de Alvarado, Juan Díaz, Francisco Peñalosa, Alonso de Ávila, Alonso Hernández, Julianillo, Melchorejo, and Antonio Villafaña. They embarked the port of Matanzas, Cuba with four ships in April 1518.

After rounding the Cape of Guaniguanico in Cuba, Grijalva sailed along the Mexican coast and arrived on 1 May at the Tabasco region in southern Mexico. The Río Grijalva in Mexico was named after him. Bernal Díaz del Castillo wrote about the travels of Juan de Grijalva in his book.

He died in Nicaragua on 21 January 1527.


Díaz del Castillo, Bernal (1963) [1632]. The Conquest of New Spain. Penguin Classics. J. M. Cohen (trans.) (6th printing (1973) ed.). Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-044123-9. OCLC 162351797.