Julian Bell and Elizabeth Watson, 1930
|Born||Julian Heward Bell
4 February 1908
|Died||18 July 1937
Julian Heward Bell (4 February 1908 – 18 July 1937) was an English poet, and the son of Clive and Vanessa Bell (who was the elder sister of Virginia Woolf). The writer Quentin Bell was his younger brother, and the writer and painter Angelica Garnett was his half-sister. His relationship with his mother is explored in Susan Sellers' novel Vanessa and Virginia.
He was brought up mainly at Charleston, Sussex. He was educated at Leighton Park School and King's College, Cambridge, where he joined the Cambridge Apostles. He was a friend of some of the Cambridge Five, and sometimes claimed as Anthony Blunt's lover. (In the BBC dramatisation Cambridge Spies he appears as Guy Burgess's lover.) After graduating he worked towards a college fellowship, without success.
In 1935 he went to China, to a position teaching English at Wuhan University. He wrote letters describing his relationship with a married lover, K.; the identity of this woman became a sensitive issue when the Chinese-British novelist Hong Ying published a fictionalized account, K: The Art of Love in 1999. After a 2002 ruling by a Chinese court that the book was 'defamation of the dead', the author rewrote the book, which was published in 2003 under the title The English Lover.
In 1937 Bell took part in the Spanish Civil War, as an ambulance driver on the Republican side. His motive for going to Spain was a general sympathy for the cause of the Spanish Republic, plus "the usefulness of war experience in the future and the prestige one would gain in literature and - even more - Left politics". After being just a month in Spain he was killed in the battle at Brunete, aged 29. He was hit by bomb fragments whilst driving an ambulance.
Quentin Bell's son, Julian's nephew, is also named Julian Bell. He is the author of Mirror of the World: A New History of Art (2007).
- Winter Movement (1930) poems
- We Did Not Fight: 1914-18 Experiences of War Resisters (1935) editor
- Work for the Winter (1936) poems
- Essays, Poems and Letters (1938) edited by Quentin Bell
- Hugh Thomas: "The Spanish Civil War", London 1974, page 590 n.2.
- Lily Briscoe's Chinese Eyes: Bloomsbury, Modernism, and China (2003), Patricia Laurence
- Vanessa and Virginia, Susan Sellers
- Julian Bell: From Bloomsbury to the Spanish Civil War (2012), Peter Stansky and William Abrahams
- Mémoires de Duncan Grant, un Highlander à Bloomsbury by Christian Soleil (2011), Monpetitéditeur, Paris.
- Mémoires de Duncan Grant, A Bohemian Rhapsody by Christian Soleil (2012), Monpetitéditeur, Paris.
- Le Neveu de Virginia Woolf, entretien avec Julian Bell by Christian Soleil (2012), Publibook, Paris.