|Motto||自强 弘毅 求是 拓新 (Chinese)|
|Motto in English||Improve Oneself, Promote Perseverance, Seek Truth and Make Innovations|
|Established||November 29, 1893|
|Location||Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China|
|Campus||Urban, 5,600 mu (亩)|
Wuhan University (WHU; simplified Chinese: 武汉大学; traditional Chinese: 武漢大學; pinyin: Wǔhàn Dàxué; colloquially 武大, Pinyin: Wǔdà) is located in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and is administered by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China. It was selected by both Project 985 and Project 211 as a major receiver of state funding. The university is situated at Luojia Hill, with palatial buildings blending the Chinese and Western style. It was commonly regarded as one of the most beautiful campuses in China.
The university dates back to the Ziqiang Institute (Simplified Chinese: 自强学堂; Traditional Chinese: 自強學堂; Pinyin: Zìqiáng Xuétáng ), which was founded in 1893 by Zhang Zhidong 张之洞, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in the late Qing Dynasty. Later, it changed its name several times before it was named National Wuhan University in July 1928, and was among the first group of national universities in modern China. In Feb, 1929, the jurist Wang Shijie became the first president of Wuhan University. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Wuhan University moved to Leshan, Sichuan Province and returned to Luojia Hill after the war.
By the end of 1946, the university had six Faculties: the Faculties of liberal arts, law, sciences, engineering, agriculture and medicine. Wuhan University enjoyed a very high academic status, with Wang Shijie, Wang Xinggong and Zhou Gengsheng as its successive presidents.
A number of scholars such as Gu Hongming, Zhu Kezhen, Wu Baoliang, Zha Qian, Gui Zhiting, Ye Yage, Li Siguang, Wen Yiduo, Huang Kan, Yu Dafu, Shen Congwen, Zhu Guangqian, Liu Ze, Liu Yongji, Ye Shengtao, Yang Duanliu and Li Jiannong taught here successively. According to the university, in 1948, the University of Oxford wrote an official letter to the Ministry of Education of the Chinese National Government, stating that bachelors of liberal arts and sciences that graduated from Wuhan University with average grades above 80 could enjoy "the senior status of Oxford."
In 1952, after a general reshuffle of the colleges and departments of the higher educational institutions throughout the country, Wuhan University became a university of liberal arts and sciences directly under the administration of the Ministry of Higher Education. Professor Li Da, Delegate to the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party and a celebrated philosopher, economist and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, held the post of president of the university for 14 years. The Wuhan University School of Medicine and Tongji University Medical School jointly formed Central-south Tongji Medical College (later Wuhan Medical College), then Tongji Medical University.
On August 2, 2000, with the approval of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, the new Wuhan University was established as a combination of four major universities close together ---- the former Wuhan University, the former Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE), the former Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM) and the former Hubei Medical University (HBMU).
- Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (WUHEE) (Simplified Chinese: 武汉水利电力大学; Traditional Chinese: 武漢水利電力大學; Pinyin: Wǔhàn Shuǐlì Diànlì Dàxué; colloquially 武水, Pinyin: Wǔshuǐ).
- Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping (WTUSM) (Simplified Chinese: 武汉测绘科技大学; Traditional Chinese: 武漢測繪科技大學; Pinyin: Wǔhàn Cèhuì Kējì Dàxué; colloquially 武测, Pinyin: Wǔcè).
- Hubei Medical University (HBMU) (Simplified Chinese: 湖北医科大学; Traditional Chinese: 湖北醫科大學; Pinyin: Húběi Yīkē Dàxué; colloquially 湖医, Pinyin: Húyī).
in simplified Chinese
in traditional Chinese
|1893||Ziqiang Institute||自强学堂||自強學堂||Zìqiáng Xuétáng|
|1902||Foreign Languages Institute||方言学堂||方言學堂||Fāngyán Xuétáng|
|1913||The National Wuchang Higher Normal College||国立武昌高等师范学校||國立武昌高等師範學校||Guólì Wǔchāng Gāoděng Shīfàn Xuéxiào|
|1923||The National Wuchang Normal University||国立武昌师范大学||國立武昌師範大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Shīfàn Dàxué|
|1924||The National Wuchang University||国立武昌大学||國立武昌大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Dàxué|
|1926||The National Wuchang Zhongshan University||国立武昌中山大学||國立武昌中山大學||Guólì Wǔchāng Zhōngshān Dàxué|
|1928||National Wuhan University||国立武汉大学||國立武漢大學||Guólì Wǔhàn Dàxué|
|1949||(Old) Wuhan University||(老) 武汉大学||(老) 武漢大學||(lǎo) Wǔhàn Dàxué|
|2000||(New) Wuhan University||(新) 武汉大学||(新) 武漢大學||(xīn) Wǔhàn Dàxué|
In 2014, Wuhan University's student body consists of 34,131 full-time undergraduates and 13,918 full-time master degree candidates, 7,477 Ph.D candidates and 1,477 international students.
In 2014, QS World University Rankings ranked it 335th in the world and 11th regionally. In 2014, Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked it between 401-500 in the world and 26-32 in the country. It came 351st-400th in the latest Times Higher Education World University Rankings where it ranked 13-14th in mainland China.
Schools and colleges
- College of Chinese Language and Literature (文学院)
- School of History (历史学院)
- School of Philosophy (哲学学院)
- School of Foreign Languages and Literature (外国语言文学学院)
- School of Journalism and Communication (新闻与传播学院)
- Department of Art (艺术学系)
- School of Information Management (信息管理学院)
- School of Economics and Management (经济与管理学院)
- School of Law (法学院)
- School of Political Science and Public Management (政治与公共管理学院)
- College of Education (教育科学学院)
- WTO Studies School (WTO学院)
- Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) (高级研究中心)
- School of Mathematics and Statistics (数学与统计学院)
- School of Physics (物理科学与技术学院)
- College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences (化学与分子科学学院)
- Wuhan University College of Life Sciences (生命科学学院)]
- School of Resource and Environmental Science (资源与环境科学学院)
- College of Pharmacy (药学院)
- College of Material Science and Engineering (材料科学与工程学院)
- School of Water Resource and Hydropower (水利水电学院)
- School of Electrical Engineering (电气工程学院)
- College of Power and Mechanical Engineering (动力与机械学院)
- School of Urban Design (城市设计学院)
- School of Civil Engineering (土木建筑工程学院)
- School of Computer Science (计算机学院)
- School of Remote Sensing Information Engineering (遥感信息工程学院)
- School of Electronic Information (电子信息学院)
- International School of Software (国际软件学院)
- School of Geodesy and Geomatics (测绘学院)
- School of Printing and Packaging (印刷与包装系)
- School of Medicine (医学院)
- College of Basic Medicine (基础医学院)
- School of Nursing (HOPE护理学院)
- School of Stomatology (口腔医学院)
- School of Public Health (公共卫生学院)
- College of Foreign Students Education (留学生教育学院)
- School of Network Education (网络教育学院)
The university has rolling physical features with the scenic Luojia Hill and the beautiful East Lake. Its campus is heavily wooded and green, with fragrant flowers everywhere year-round. Wuhan University is widely known as one of the most beautiful universities in China, especially for its cherry blossom garden in the spring. A cherry blossom festival is held every spring. Most stylish old buildings were designed by F. H. Kales (1899–1979). Educated in MIT, Mr. Kales was a pioneer to blend western architectural styles with traditional Chinese elements, which is most evident from his roof designs.
Wuhan University boasts a campus covering an area of 5508 mu and has a floor area of 2.42 square kilometres. The university's libraries have a collection of approximately 5.4 million volumes and subscriptions to more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign periodicals.
Wuhan University has established cooperative relationship with more than 300 universities and research institutes in over 40 countries and regions.
- School of Information Management at Wuhan University signed a cooperation agreement with Royal School of Library and Information Science in Denmark in 2009.
- Wuhan University has collaborated with Duke University and the city of Kunshan to establish Duke Kunshan University.
Art and culture
- Luojia Golden Fall Art Festival
- Luojia Golden Fall International Cultural Festival
- Students' Associations Cultural Festival
- Campus Supermarket of Cultural Activities
- Guo Moruo, Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, and government official from Sichuan, China.
- Shen Congwen, Chinese Writer.
- Wen Yiduo, Chinese poet and scholar.
- Li Siguang, the founder of China's geomechanics.
- Ling Shuhua,Chinese modernist writer whose short stories became popular during the 1920s and 30s.
- Wan Exiang, professor of international law at Wuhan University, vice president of the Supreme People's Court of China, and vice president of the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang.
- Su Xuelin, Chinese author and scholar.
- Xiaokai Yang, Chinese-Australian economist.
- Wang Tieya, an eminent Chinese jurist and former Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.
- Li Haopei, Chinese jurist, diplomat and academic.
- Chao Yao-dong, Taiwanese politician, economist and former Minister of Economic Affairs (1981–84).
- Wu Mi, one of the founders of Chinese comparative literature.
- Chi Li, contemporary female Chinese writer.
- Zheng Lihui, a Male Chinese gymnast, was part of the Chinese team that won the gold medal in the team event at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.
- Xiao Hailiang, a Chinese diver who became an Olympic champion in the 3m Springboard Synchronized event at the 2000 Summer Olympics.
- Li Da, Chinese Marxist philosopher.
- Karim Massimov, Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2007 – 2012).
- Lei Jun, Founder of Xiaomi Tech, one of China's largest technology companies.
- "校训释义 (Chinese)". Wuhan U. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Overview". Wuhan U. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Overview". Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- (simplified Chinese) Ten most beautiful campuses in China, No. 1 is Wuhan University.
- "武汉大学校园风貌". Retrieved 12 09, 2011. Check date values in:
- "校史档案". Retrieved 12 09, 2011. Check date values in:
- History of Wuhan University.
- "武大校史之信步杂谈". Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "教育部直属高校改革发展成果展—武汉大学". Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Wuhan University (merger of Wuhan University, Wuhan University of Hydraulic & Electric Engineering, Wuhan Technical University of Surveying & Mapping, Hubei Medical University in 2000)". Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Facts & Figures". Wuhan University. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2014 - China". Academic Ranking of World Universities. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "World University Rankings 2014-15: Asia". Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "Hubei:Wuhan University—Cherry blossom". Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Sir Banister Fletcher's a history of architecture, Architectural Press, 1996.
- "学校简介". Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- "Duke Names Senior Leadership for Its Campus in China" The Chronicle of Higher Education Sept 20, 2012 
- Duke Chronicle Wuhan steps in to sponsor China campus
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wuhan University.|
- Official website (English)
- Official website (Chinese)
- Official BBS (Chinese)
- Wuhan University Alumni Network
- Wuhan University Professional Network