Kadhimiya

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This article is about the town. For the district, see Kadhimiya (district).
Souk in Kadhimiya, with the shrine in the background.
Pilgrims march outside Camp Justice, Iraq.

al-Kāżimiyyah (Arabic: الكاظميةal-Kāżimiyyah; alternatively, Arabic: الكاظمينal-Kāżimayn), is a town located in what is now a northern neighbourhood of Baghdad, Iraq about five kilometres from the city center. Al-Kāżimiyyah is one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad.

Al-Kāżimayn is regarded as a holy city in Shī‘ah Islām. It received its name (lit. "the Two Kāżims" or "the Two who swallow their anger"), for the two Shī‘ah Imāms buried there: Mūsā al-Kādhim and his grandson and successor Shī‘ah Imām Muhammad at-Taqī. A shrine was first built over their tombs, and subsequently the al-Kadhimiya Mosque.

The area that now constitutes al-Kāżimiyyah was originally the location of a graveyard reserved for members of the Quraish tribe. This land was set aside for this purpose by the Abbasid caliph, Harun al-Rashid.

History[edit]

In its early history, the town was an important center of Shia learning, perhaps the main center, but over time the town declined, and other cities rose to prominence. The location of the city has lent it to numerous plunders, that have resulted in damage to its shrines at different times in history. Among the most damage ever experienced by the town was after the Mongol sack of Baghdad where the shrine of the Shia Imams was burnt down. The area was also an important center of resistance against the British after World War I.

Iraqi officials executed Saddam Hussein at an American operated facility in Kadhimiya known as "Camp Justice".

Baghdad Security Plan[edit]

During the Baghdad Security Plan of 2007, there were rumours that U.S. forces built walls around the Imam al-Kadhim mosque. According to Iraqslogger.com, the protests that resulted were due to an agreement between Iraqi security officials and Mahdi Army that US forces would not come within 1,000 meters of the shrine.[1]

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Coordinates: 33°22′59″N 44°20′24″E / 33.38306°N 44.34000°E / 33.38306; 44.34000