Karl Friedrich Burdach

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Karl Friedrich Burdach.

Karl Friedrich Burdach (June 12, 1776 – July 16, 1847) was a German physiologist. He was born in Leipzig and died in Königsberg.

He was graduated in medicine there in 1800; became professor of physiology in the University of Dorpat in 1811, and four years later took a similar position at the University of Königsberg.

He provided in 1822 the name—due the arching shape of its longest fibres—now given to the arcuate fasciculus.[1]

Among his works are:

  • Diatetik für Gesunde (1805)
  • Enzyklopädie der Heilwissenschaft (three volumes, 1810–12)
  • Vom Bau und Leben des Gehirns und Rückenmarks (three volumes, 1819–25)
  • Neues Recepttaschenbuch für angehende Ärzte . 2., unveränd. Ausg. (1820) Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Die Physiologie als Erfahrungswissenschaft (1826–40)


  1. ^ Catani M, Mesulam M. (2008). The arcuate fasciculus and the disconnection theme in language and aphasia: history and current state. Cortex. 44(8):953-61. PMID 18614162