Kerens, Texas

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Kerens, Texas
City
Motto: "Birthplace Of Big Tex"[1]
Location of Kerens, Texas
Location of Kerens, Texas
Navarro County Kerens.svg
Coordinates: 32°7′50″N 96°13′45″W / 32.13056°N 96.22917°W / 32.13056; -96.22917Coordinates: 32°7′50″N 96°13′45″W / 32.13056°N 96.22917°W / 32.13056; -96.22917
Country United States
State Texas
County Navarro
Area
 • Total 2.3 sq mi (6.0 km2)
 • Land 2.3 sq mi (6.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,681
 • Density 720.4/sq mi (278.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75144
Area code(s) 903/430
FIPS code 48-38992[2]
GNIS feature ID 1339049[3]
Website http://ci.kerens.tx.us/
Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 735
1910 945 28.6%
1920 1,343 42.1%
1930 1,435 6.9%
1940 1,287 −10.3%
1950 1,198 −6.9%
1960 1,123 −6.3%
1970 1,446 28.8%
1980 1,582 9.4%
1990 1,702 7.6%
2000 1,681 −1.2%
2010 1,573 −6.4%

Kerens is a city in Navarro County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,681 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Kerens was established in 1881 when the St. Louis Southwestern Railway of Texas was built through the county, according to the Texas Handbook of History, and was named for Judge R. C. Kerens of St. Louis. The railroad bypassed the nearby settlement of Wadeville, and within a short time all of the businesses from Wadeville moved to the new town. By the mid-1890s, the handbook said, the town had three cotton gin-mills, four grocery stores, two hotels, two drug stores, a wagonmaker, and a weekly newspaper named the Navarro Blade.[4]

Big Tex, the giant icon of the State Fair of Texas, had his beginnings in Kerens.[5] In 1949, residents built a 49-foot-tall (15 m) Santa Claus constructed from iron drill casing and papier mache to help encourage holiday sales. In 1951, State Fair president R. L. Thornton purchased Santa's components for $750 and had Dallas artist Jack Bridges transform them into a cowboy for the annual fair.

Geography[edit]

Kerens is located at 32°7′50″N 96°13′45″W / 32.13056°N 96.22917°W / 32.13056; -96.22917 (32.130639, -96.229207)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,681 people, 682 households, and 448 families residing in the city. The population density was 720.4 people per square mile (278.6/km²). There were 750 housing units at an average density of 321.4 per square mile (124.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.14% White, 22.13% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 5.77% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.61% of the population.

There were 682 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,969, and the median income for a family was $36,719. Males had a median income of $26,683 versus $21,600 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,000. About 13.3% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Kerens is served by the Kerens Independent School District.[7]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kerens has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Kerens Texas". City of Kerens Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/KK/hjk4.html
  5. ^ "City of Kerens Texas". City of Kerens Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Kerens Independent School District". Kerens Independent School District. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Kerens, Texas

External links[edit]