Kim Il-sung Square
|Kim Il-sung Square|
|Revised Romanization||Gim Il-seong Gwangjang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Kim Il-sŏng Kwangjang|
Kim Il-sung Square is a large city square in the center of Pyongyang, North Korea, and is named after the founding leader of North Korea, Kim Il-sung. Opened in August 1954, the square is located on the west bank of the Taedong River, directly opposite the Juche Tower on the other side of the river. It is the 30th largest square in the world, having an area of about 75,000 square meters (807,293 square feet) which can accommodate a rally of more than 100,000 people. The square has a great cultural significance, as it is a common gathering place for rallies, dances and military parades and is often featured in media concerning North Korea.
The Kim Il-sung Square is located at the center of Pyongyang on the west bank of the Taedong river. It is similar in form and design to the Tiananmen Square in Beijing and is used for the same purposes. The Kim Il-sung Square is architecturally more refined with its dramatic riverside setting. If one stands in the square, the Tower of the Juche idea on the opposite bank appears to sit at the other end of the square, although it is actually across the river. The optical effect is achieved since the square is a few meters lower in the middle than near the waterside. Surrounding the square are a number of government buildings, with the Great People's Study House sitting at the "head" of the square.
It is the 30th largest square in the world, having an area of about 75,000 square meters (807,293 square feet) which can accommodate a rally of 100,000 people. Portraits of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-Il are on buildings surrounding the square. In the past, portraits of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin once hung on one side of the square until being removed in April 2012. To this day, the portraits have not been re-installed onto the facades of the square. The Grand People's Study House looks out onto the square and the river.
- Martin, Bradley K. (2006) Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea And the Kim Dynasty. St Martins Press. ISBN 978-0-312-32322-6
- Asian Historical Architecture: Kim Il-sung Square images
- Traveller's blog with pictures from North Korea ; Several photos of Kim Il Sung Square.
- Kim Il-sung Square, Pyongyang, North Korea (video) — practising for the Mass games
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