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Kim Il-yeop (1930s)
28 April 1896|
Yonggang, North Pyongyang, North Korea
|Died||1 February 1971
Temple Sudeok, Yesan South Chungcheong, in South Korea
|Occupation||Poet, journalist, writer, painter, feminist activist, Buddhist nun|
|Nationality||Korean Empire, Korea|
|Genres||Poetry, novel, essay, drama|
|Spouse(s)||Yi No-ik(1919 - 1921, divorced)
Sayjo Ota(1923 - 1925, divorced)
Baik Sung-uk(1928, divorced)
Ha Yun-shil(1929 - 1930, divorced)
Kim Il-yeop (korean:김일엽, hanja:金一葉, April 28, 1896 - May 28, 1971) was a Korean writer, journalist, feminist activist, Buddhist nun, and independent activist. She was an early Korean Free Love advocate and Free Sex activist.
Il-yeop (birth name: Won-ju) was born to a Methodist pastor. As a teenager, her mother and four younger sisters died in an epidemic. Won-ju's father later remarried. Il-yeop's stepmother, Han Eunchong, was the mother of politician Jeong Il-hyung and mother-in-law of Yi Tae-yeong, both famous Korean feminists.
In her adolescence, her father and stepmother both died, and she was raised by her grandmother. She studied at the Ewha Girls' High School and the Ewha Womans University. She then studied abroad in Japan at the Tokyo Film School, graduating in 1921.
After returning home, she started the feminist movement, free sex activities and Liberal movements. These movements were supported by many women and young people, but were opposed by many Korean Neo-Confucian scholars.
Her feelings of loss and isolation due to the death of her parents and siblings at a young age, as well as her awareness of human mortality and uncertainty, had a profound impact on her writing and her path to becoming a Buddhist nun. Despite her tragic circumstances and unhappy first marriage, she continued her studies at Ewha Hakdang (predecessor of Ewha Womans University) and at Tokyo English Institute.
Because of her great intelligence and unique literary talent, which manifested itself early in her life, Il-yeop influenced the Korean literary society of her time. She wrote about activities that reflected trends in the women’s liberation movement and founded the Sin-Yeoja (New Women), the first women’s literary magazine in 1920. Over the years, a great number of her critical essays, poems and short novels about women's liberation struggling against the oppressive traditions of the gloomy Japanese colonial period were published in such Korean daily newspapers as Dong-A Ilbo and Chosun Ilbo, as well as in literary magazines including Kaebyeok and Chosun Mundan (Korea Literary World).
Il-yeop moved into the Sudeok temple in 1935 where she remained until she died.
Her ideas have received severe criticism from Neo-Confucian devotees.
- One Think of a Monk (어느 수도인의 회상)
- Fire Shout to Manhood (청춘을 불사르고)
- The Middle of Happiness and Unhappiness (행복과 불행의 갈피에서)
- Revisiting the women who changed Korea with their pens (English)
- Buddhist nun Il-yeop - koreatimes (English)
- 本映画のあらすじ(脚本・準備稿より) (Japanese)
- 〈朝鮮近代史の中の苦闘する女性たち〉 女性雑誌編集者・金一葉 (Japanese)
- 金泰伸師のプロフィール (Japanese)
- Kim Il-yeop (Korean)
- Kim Il-yeop:Navercast (Korean)
- “엄마라고 부르지 마라” CNB News (Korean)