List of kings of Connacht
The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after The Connachta.The term 'Guaire' was known to be exclusively used in reference to generous Kings of the Connacht area.
The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD. does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.
The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.
The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries. Biographical details will follow.
Pre-Historic Kings of Ol nEchmacht
- Conrac Cas
- Eochaid Feidlech
- Eochaidh Allat
- Tinni mac Conri
- Medb, Queen of Connacht
- Medb and Ailill mac Máta
- Maine Aithreamhail mac Ailill Máta
- Sanbh Sithcheann mac Ceat mac Magha
- Cairbre mac Maine Aithreamhail
- Eochaidh Fionn
- Aodh mac Cu Odhar
- Eochaidh mac Cairbre
- Aonghus Fionn mac Domhnall
- Cormac Ulfhada
- Aonghus Feirt mac Aonghus Fionn
- Connall Cruchain mac Aonghus Feirt
- Fearadach mac Connal Cruchain
- Forghus Fiansa
- Forghus Fiansa and Art mac Conn
- Ceidghin Cruchain mac Connall Cruchain
- Aodh mac Eochaidh
- Aodh Alainn mac Eochaidh Baicidh
- Nia Mór mac Lughna
- Lughaidh mac Lughna Fear Tri
- Aodh Caomh mac Garadh Glundubh
- Coinne mac Fear Tri
- Muireadh Tireach mac Fiachra Sraibrintne
- Eochaid Mugmedon
- Niall Noigiallach/Niall of the Nine Hostages, died c.450/455.
Early historic kings
High medieval era
- Cathal mac Conchobair, 900–925.
- Tadg mac Cathail, 925–956.
- Fergal Ua Ruairc, 956–967.
- Conchobar mac Tadg, 967–973.
- Cathal mac Tadg, d. 973.
- Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg, 973–1010.
- Tadg in Eich Gil, 1010–1030.
- Art Uallach Ua Ruairc, 1030–1046.
- Áed in Gai Bernaig, 1046–1067.
- Áed Ua Ruairc, 1067–1087.
- Ruaidrí na Saide Buide, 1087–1092; deposed.
- Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh, d. 1098.
- Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, d. 1097.
- Domnall Ua Ruairc, d. 1102.
- Domnall Ua Conchobair, 1102–1106; deposed.
- Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, 1106–1156.
- Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1156–1186; deposed.
- Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair, 1186–1189
- Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair, 1190–1202
- Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair, 1202–1224
- Aedh Ua Conchobair, 1224–1228
- Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, 1228–1233
- Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair, 1233–1256
- Aedh Ó Conchobair, 1256–1274
- Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair, 1274–1280
- Cathal Ó Conchobair, 1280–1288.
- Maghnus Ó Conchobair, 1288–1293
- Aedh Ó Conchobair, 1293–1309
- Ruaidri Ó Conchobair, 1309–1310
- Fedlim Ó Conchobair, 1310–1316.
- Rory na-bhFeadh Ó Conchobair, 1316–1317.
- Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair, first reign 1317–1318
- Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair, 1318–1324
- Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair, second reign, 1324–1350
- Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair, 1342; died 1345.
- Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair
- Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair, 1368–1384
- Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair, 1426–1439
- Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair, d. 9 December 1406
- Cathal mac Ruaidhri Ó Conchobair, d. 19 March 1439
- Aodh mac Toirdhealbhaigh Óg Ó Conchobair, d. 15 May 1461
- Feidhlimidh Geangcach Ó Conchobair, d. 1474; last de facto King of Connacht.
- O'Conor Don
- O Connor Roe
- O Connor Sligo
- Clan Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair
- Irish Kings
- Annals of the Four Masters
- Annals of the Four Masters, 1990 edition.
- The Annals of Connacht, A. Martin Freeman, 1944.
- Irish Kings and High Kings, Francis John Byrne, 1973.
- Leabhar Mor Genealach, Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, ed. O'Muralie, 2004.