It is a 117-by-67-foot (36 m × 20 m) building, the last stone building built by the Kilauea Sugar Company, built of field stone up to its lower gable level, that was a replacement for a previous wood building.
It is deemed significant as an example of masonry construction in Kilauea, usually used for domestic architecture, here adapted for a commercial building. And it is significant for association with the sugar plantation and the provision of goods to its workers. The store was managed independently from the plantation, by Chew Lung, son of Lung Wan Chee (b.1860) who managed the first, predecessor store. It was originally open from 2am to 5am in the morning, operated by workers who then went to work in the plantation fields.