Kremsmünster

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Kremsmünster
Abbey with the observatory on the left
Abbey with the observatory on the left
Coat of arms of Kremsmünster
Coat of arms
Kremsmünster is located in Austria
Kremsmünster
Kremsmünster
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°03′18″N 14°07′51″E / 48.05500°N 14.13083°E / 48.05500; 14.13083Coordinates: 48°03′18″N 14°07′51″E / 48.05500°N 14.13083°E / 48.05500; 14.13083
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Kirchdorf an der Krems
Government
 • Mayor Gerhard Obernberger (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 42.1 km2 (16.3 sq mi)
Elevation 384 m (1,260 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 6,419
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4550
Area code 07583
Vehicle registration KI
Website www.kremsmuenster.at

Kremsmünster is a town in Kirchdorf an der Krems (district), in the Austrian state of Upper Austria. Settled in 777, it is home to the Kremsmünster Abbey.

The Abbey was founded 777 by duke Tassilo III of Bavaria and is one of the oldest abbeys of central Europe. Situated on a striking ice age terrace above the town, it dominates the whole Krems valley. The monks (order of S. Benedict) lead a famous gymnasium which has existed since 1549, and an astronomical and geophysical observatory ("Mathematical tower").

Science and culture[edit]

Kremsmünster is a traditional place of culture, astronomy and natural science. For instance, Placidus Fixlmillner (1721–1791) was the first astronomer to compute the orbit of Uranus.

The observation tower itself (built 1749–1756) represents the first high-rise of Europe. In this vicinity the eldest geomagnetism station of the world was established, and also the first weather station of Austria-Hungary.

The nearby Gusterberg (450 m) is the fundamental point of the former national survey of Upper Austria. An observation tower at the summit marks the geoscientific importance of the mountain. It is also crossed by the Meridian arc Großenhain-Kremsmünster-Pola, an 800 km triangulation which was measured in the 19th century to determine the alpine curvature of the geoid.

Besides schools and the baroque library, Kremsmünster also has some institutions of adult education, e.g. Subiaco for Spiritual Exercises and a Vocational school. The castle Kremsegg houses a special museum of music instruments.

The monastery library (built 1680–1689 by Carlone) contains about 160,000 volumes. Among the 1,700 manuscripts is the Codex Millenarius, a Gospel Book written around 800 in Mondsee Abbey.
The showpiece of the monastery's treasury is the Tassilo Chalice of about 770, created in copper and silver and holding 1.8 litres. It is still used in religious services, e.g. at Easter.

Architecture outside the monastery:

Economy[edit]

Kremsmünster is also a place of modern technology with about 3,000 employees (62% of them in production), e.g. in

References[edit]

External links[edit]