Lützelflüh

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Lützelflüh
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Lützelflüh
Canton Bern
District Emmental
47°0′N 7°41′E / 47.000°N 7.683°E / 47.000; 7.683Coordinates: 47°0′N 7°41′E / 47.000°N 7.683°E / 47.000; 7.683
Population 4,052 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 151 /km2 (390 /sq mi)
Area 26.9 km2 (10.4 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 585 m (1,919 ft)
Postal code 3432
SFOS number 0955
Mayor Beatrice Stettler
Surrounded by Hasle bei Burgdorf, Krauchthal, Landiswil, Oberburg, Rüderswil, Rüegsau, Sumiswald, Trachselwald, Walkringen
Website www.luetzelflueh.ch
SFSO statistics
Lützelflüh is located in Switzerland
Lützelflüh
Lützelflüh

Lützelflüh is a municipality in the administrative district of Emmental in the Swiss canton of Bern.

Geography[edit]

Lützelflüh has an area, as of 2009, of 26.9 km2 (10.4 sq mi). Of this area, 17.6 km2 (6.8 sq mi) or 65.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.64 km2 (2.56 sq mi) or 24.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.45 km2 (0.95 sq mi) or 9.1% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.19 km2 (0.073 sq mi) or 0.7% is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.1% is unproductive land.[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.2% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.3%. 22.9% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 26.0% is used for growing crops and 37.2% is pastures, while 2.2% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[3]

Lützelflüh lies in the lower Emmental, right on the Emme between Langnau and Burgdorf. The Emme divides the village into the older part on the right shore and the younger part on the left shore. The exclaves Lauterbach and Oberried also belong to the municipality. The municipality is neighbored by Rüegsau, Sumiswald, Trachselwald, Rüderswil, and Hasle bei Burgdorf.

History[edit]

Lützelflüh is first mentioned in 1225 as Lucelfluo.[4]

The Freiherre or barons of Lützelflüh were first mentioned in 1130. The town of Lützelflüh developed out of this barons' seat. In 1230 the Freiherre of Brandis took the place of those of Lützelflüh and built themselves a castle between Lützelflüh and Rüegsau.

In 1450, the Brandis' castle was sold to the nobility of Bern. It was then sold and inherited several times until it ended up in the hand of the city of Bern in 1607. The town then became a sheriffhood of Bern. The last sheriff was Franz Ludwig May.

On April 14, 1798, the castle burnt down and this was the end of the sheriffhood Brandis. The municipality Lützelflüh became part of the district Trachselwald.

Demographics[edit]

Lützelflüh has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 4,052.[1] As of 2007, 4.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (96.2%), with Italian being second most common ( 0.9%) and Albanian being third ( 0.8%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (12.7%), the Green Party (10.3%) and the FDP (9.7%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25.4% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16.2%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Lützelflüh about 72.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Lützelflüh has an unemployment rate of 1.06%. As of 2005, there were 429 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 145 businesses involved in this sector. 542 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 61 businesses in this sector. 594 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 110 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1764 1,691
1850 3,433
1900 3,444
1950 4,042
2000 3,957

Main sights[edit]

  • The church of Lützelflüh was built in 1505 and renovated in 1962. The graves of the 3 poets of Lützelflüh: Jeremias Gotthelf, Simon Gfeller and Emanuel Friedli are located on the south side of the church.
  • The Gotthelf-Museum named after the poet is located near the church

Tourism[edit]

Tourism in Lützelflüh is small but not unimportant. Several inns typical for the region offer rooms and it is also possible to vacation in the local farms.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ a b Lützelflüh in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-Jul-2009
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]